Baptism relating to Atonement
Scripture has a few verses on the subject and interpretation can be a matter of debate between some.
Scripture regards water baptism as a symbolic gesture showing public declaration of our death, burial, and resurrection with Y'shua.
Water Baptism is a sign of obedience to G-d after salvation. G-d does not require water baptism to be saved. This would be going back to works.
We are saved by GRACE through faith, it is a gift of G-d, not of works, lest any man should boast. (Ephesians 2:8)
In 1 Corinth 1:17, Paul states,
"For (Y'shua) Christ sent me not to baptize, but to preach the gospel."
He said this however, because members where gloating over who they were baptized by and Paul said he was glad he had only baptized a few. He was not refuting being baptized; he only wanted a person to state they were baptized by Y'shua not man. If he thought baptism was needed for our atonement; however, don't you think he would have baptized all.
Y'shua paid the penalty of our sins. There is nothing we can do to save ourselves. We can only repent and trust in what He did for our atonement.
The other place baptismal regeneration (requiring baptism also for atonement) is refuted is in Luke where the thief is on the cross. He was never baptized by water yet Y'shua said, "today you will be with me in paradise." He could not very well get down and be baptized by water. Yet he still entered paradise.
Some use Acts 2:38,
"Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of (Y'shua ) Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins"
as a verse for baptismal regeneration. They need to read further....
And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. If they believe in baptism for the forgiveness of sins,
then they have to believe it is necessary to be baptized to receive the Holy Spirit also. Peter is not saying we need water baptism to receive forgiveness or the Holy Spirit. Every believer receives the Holy Spirit before baptism. I was not baptized until a few years after I accepted Yeshua as my Messiah but I still had the Holy Spirit in me prior to water baptism. The same implies to forgiveness. I was forgiven after accepting Yeshua as my Messiah, not water baptism. Peter was just saying one should be baptized in Y'shua after repentance.
When we look to the Greek the repent is a command and the baptism is indirect passive imperative of baptizo, which does not give the same direct command as implied in the word repent.
The preposition "for" in the phrase, "for the forgiveness of your sins" in Greek is eis, unto. It means "for the purpose of identifying you with the remission of sins." Same preposition we find in 1 Cor 10:2 quot;Baptized into Moses." They were identifying with Moses. Peter was saying be identified with Y'shua.
In Acts 19:3. Paul asked if they received the Holy Spirit. They had received water baptism from John, which was a baptism of repentance. So Paul said," Believe in (Y'shua)Jesus" On hearing this, they were baptized into the name of (Y'shua) Jesus. Here Paul is talking about water baptism because he was just talking about John's water baptism. Paul wanted them to be baptized in the name of (Y'shua) Jesus.
Ruach Ha Kodesh (The Holy Spirit) came and they spoke in tongues and prophesied. There is no mention of water. It only states Paul placed his hands on them, then the Holy Spirit came. This is the filling of the Holy Spirit, or baptism of fire, because they spoke in tongues and prophesied after the placing of hands. So both water and fire baptism occur here.
The filling of the Holy Spirit is the sealing of ownership by G-d. Only then G-d owns us. Water baptism did not give G-d this seal of ownership, only accepting his blood atonement for our sin by trusting (faith) that His blood will suffice for our punishment. His blood is sufficient.
When the Holy Spirit enters our lives and places a seal of ownership that Y'shua died for our sins and we are forgiven for all our sins, past, present and future.
Act 2:38 is one of the most misused verses in the bible and can be very
confusing. That's why it is important to check the Greek (N.T) or Hebrew.(O.T).