Ester 4:1 When Mordecai(Mordekhai) learned all that had happened, he tore his clothes and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city. He cried out with a loud and bitter cry.
Mordecai realizes that his actions are the cause of this decree.
Sackcloth and ashes - an outward sign of inward distress and humiliation.
Our fourth letter to the corresponding chapter is Dalet. Dalet- door; way also Dimensions and Concern. Concern for your fellow man or providing for your fellow man.
Ester 4:2 He went as far as the front of the king's gate, for no one might enter the king's gate clothed with sackcloth.
The King would not want to see someone in sackcloth. He would want to surround himself with beauty and happiness, not with sackcloth and mourning.
Ester 4:3 And in every province where the king's command and decree arrived, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting, weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
Although it does not state that they prayed, it is obvious that fasting and prayer go together. The Jewish people no doubt were crying out to HaShem for his intervention.
Other examples of mourning in sackcloth and ashes are:
Jeremiah 6:26 O my people, put on sackcloth and roll in ashes; mourn with bitter wailing as for an only son, for suddenly the destroyer will come upon us.
Daniel 9:3 So I turned to the Adonai, G-d and pleaded with him in prayer and petition, in fasting, and in sackcloth and ashes.
Matthew 11:21 "Woe to you, Korazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida (Beit-Tzaidah)! If the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes.
Ester 4:4 So Ester 's maids and eunuchs came and told her, and the queen was deeply distressed. Then she sent garments to clothe Mordecai and take his sackcloth away from him, but he would not accept them.
If Mordekhai changed his clothes he would then be allowed to come in to visit Ester.
Ester 4:5 Then Ester called Hathach(Hatakh), one of the king's eunuchs whom he had appointed to attend her, and she gave him a command concerning Mordekhai, to learn what and why this was.
Hathach (Hatakh)- His name means good. He symbolizes Ruach HaKodesh.
Ester 4:6-7 So Hatakh went out to Mordecai in the city square that was in front of the king's gate. And Mordecai told him all that had happened to him, and the sum of money that Haman had promised to pay into the king's treasuries to destroy the Jews.
Mordecai appeared to have all of the details of the decree including a copy of it. This is more evidence of His position in the Persian Empire.
Ester 4:8-9 He also gave him a copy of the written decree for their destruction, which was given at Shushan, that he might show it to Ester and explain it to her, and that he might command her to go in to the king to make supplication to him and plead before him for her people. So Hatakh returned and told Ester the words of Mordekhai.
Notice Hatakh is the go between, the messenger, for Ester and Mordecai. Remember Ester, symbolizes the true believers in Yeshua, and Mordecai symbolizes Yeshua. Ruach HaKodesh, symbolized by Hatakh, goes between the believers and Yeshua making His will known to us.
Ester 4:10-11 Then Ester spoke to Hatakh, and gave him a command for Mordecai: All the king's servants and the people of the king's provinces know that any man or woman who goes into the inner court to the king, who has not been called, he has but one law: put all to death, except the one to whom the king holds out the golden scepter, that he may live. Yet I myself have not been called to go in to the king these thirty days."
According to the Zohar (3:109), every time "the king" is mentioned without the name Achashverosh, a deeper meaning can be inferred regarding the King of Kings - a.k.a. G-d.
The golden scepter is symbolic of the mercy seat. One could not enter the Holy of Holies, into the very presence of the King of the Universe, because we are separated from HaShem by sin. To enter into His presence without the blood being applied to the Mercy seat, brought death. Likewise, for anyone, including Ester, to enter into the kings presence without having the golden scepter extended brought immediate death.
Ester has not been to see the king for 30 days and is concerned about her standing with the king.