Ester 8:1 That same day King Ahasuerus gave Queen Ester the estate of Haman, the enemy of the Jews. And Mordecai came into the presence of the king, for Ester had told how he was related to her.
It was the custom in Persia to confiscate the property of a traitor.
You would think that the king would already know Mordecai and how he raised Ester.
This chapter corresponds to the eighth letter which is the letter Chet - new beginning; new life; metaphysical letter above this existence.
Ester 8:2 The king took off his signet ring, which he had reclaimed from Haman, and presented it to Mordecai. And Ester appointed him over Haman's estate.
Mordecai now has Haman’s position. Remember Mordecai represents Yeshua and someday Yeshua will have control of the earth back from Ha Satan.
Ha Satan is “the god of this age”
2 Corinthians 4:3-4 But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing, whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Messiah, who is the image of G-d, should shine on them.
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world have become the kingdoms of our L-rd, and of his Messiah; and he will reign for ever and ever.
Ester 8:3-4 Ester again pleaded with the king, falling at his feet and weeping. She begged him to put an end to the evil plan of Haman the Agagite, which he had devised against the Jews. Then the king extended the gold scepter to Ester and she arose and stood before him.
The gold scepter - the Hebrew word used here is “shebet” it means “ a stick for punishing”
The king is giving Ester permission to punish her enemies.
Ester 8:5-6 "If it pleases the king," she said, "and if he regards me with favor and thinks it the right thing to do, and if he is pleased with me, let an order be written overruling the dispatches that Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, devised and wrote to destroy the Jews in all the king's provinces. For how can I bear to see disaster fall on my people? How can I bear to see the destruction of my family?"
Well, Haman is out of the way but the threat to the Jewish people is still very real.
Ester 8:7-8 King Ahasuerus replied to Queen Ester and to Mordecai the Jew, "Because Haman attacked the Jews, I have given his estate to Ester, and they have hanged him on the gallows. Now write another decree in the king's name in behalf of the Jews as seems best to you, and seal it with the king's signet ring-for no document written in the king's name and sealed with his ring can be revoked."
The first order could not be cancelled because a law of the Medes and the Persians could not be revoked. So a new order will need to be drawn up.
Ester 8:9 At once the royal secretaries were summoned-on the twenty-third day of the third month, the month of Sivan. They wrote out all Mordecai's orders to the Jews, and to the satraps, governors and nobles of the 127 provinces stretching from India to Cush. These orders were written in the script of each province and the language of each people and also to the Jews in their own script and language.
The Persian Kingdom was vast and encompassed people who spoke many different languages. Imagine trying to communicate anything to so many people. It would have been a logistical nightmare.
Sivan - this is the month that corresponds to the May/June time frame. About 2 months had passed since the first decree.
Ester 8:10 Mordecai wrote in the name of King Xerxes, sealed the dispatches with the king's signet ring, and sent them by mounted couriers, who rode fast horses especially bred for the king.
who rode fast horses - no phones, faxes, TV, radio, internet (What would we do?)
Ester 8:11 The king's edict granted the Jews in every city the right to assemble and protect themselves; to destroy, kill and annihilate any armed force of any nationality or province that might attack them and their women and children; and to plunder the property of their enemies.
to destroy, kill and annihilate - same wording in the first decree against the Jewish people.
Ester 8:12 The day appointed for the Jews to do this in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus was the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar.
Same day as the initial decree.
Ester 8:13-14 A copy of the text of the edict was to be issued as law in every province and made known to the people of every nationality so that the Jews would be ready on that day to avenge themselves on their enemies. The couriers, riding the royal horses, raced out, spurred on by the king's command. And the edict was also issued in the citadel of Susa.