The corresponding letter for this chapter in the Hebrew Aleph-Beit is Aleph. The meaning of Aleph is head, as in Creator, King; the head of a bull appointed for sacrifice, etc.
Sh'mot 23:1-3 "You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness. You shall not follow a multitude in doing evil, nor shall you testify in a dispute so as to turn aside after a multitude in order to pervert justice; nor shall you be partial to a poor man in his dispute.
A false witness is one of the things that the L-rd hates.
Mishlei (Proverbs) 6:16-19 These six things the L-RD hates, Yes, seven are an abomination to Him: A proud look, A lying tongue, Hands that shed innocent blood, A heart that devises wicked plans, Feet that are swift in running to evil, A false witness who speaks lies, And one who sows discord among brethren.
Certain leaders at the time of Yeshua and even in these times try to call the words Yeshua spoke nothing but lies and say He is a false witness of the Father.
Yochanan (John) 8:12-19 Later, in one of His talks, Yeshua said to the people, "I am the Light of the world. So if you follow me, you won't be stumbling through the darkness, for living light will flood your path." The Pharisees replied, "You are boasting-and lying!" Yeshua told them, "These claims are true even though I make them concerning myself. For I know where I came from and where I am going, but you don't know this about Me. You pass judgment on me without knowing the facts. I am not judging you now; but if I were, it would be an absolutely correct judgment in every respect, for I have with Me the Father who sent Me. Your laws say that if two men agree on something that has happened, their witness is accepted as fact. Well, I am one witness, and my Father who sent Me is the other." "Where is your father?" they asked. Yeshua answered, "You don't know who I am, so you don't know who my Father is. If you knew Me, then you would know Him too."
There are also those who claim to be followers of Yeshua HaMashiach who also try to twist the Words He was suppose to tell us from the Father. Beware of them.
Mattityahu (Matthew) 10:16-33 "Look, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves; therefore be shrewd as serpents, and innocent as doves. "But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to the courts, and scourge you in their synagogues; and you shall even be brought before governors and kings for My sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles. "But when they deliver you up, do not become anxious about how or what you will speak; for it shall be given you in that hour what you are to speak. "For it is not you who speak, but it is the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you. "And brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death. "And you will be hated by all on account of My name, but it is the one who has endured to the end who will be saved. "But whenever they persecute you in this city, flee to the next; for truly I say to you, you shall not finish going through the cities of Israel, until the Son of Man comes. "A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a slave above his master. "It is enough for the disciple that he become as his teacher, and the slave as his master. If they have called the "HEAD" of the house Beelzebub, how much more the members of his household! "Therefore do not fear them, for there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and hidden that will not be known. "What I tell you in the darkness, speak in the light; and what you hear whispered in your ear, proclaim upon the housetops. "And do not fear those who kill the body, but are unable to kill the soul; but rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. "Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. "But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. "Therefore do not fear; you are of more value than many sparrows. "Everyone therefore who shall confess Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father who is in heaven. "But whoever shall deny Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is in heaven.
Nor shall you be partial to a poor man - justice needs to be blind to all but the facts of the case before them. A rich man should not be showed favoritism neither should a poor man. All deserve equal protection under the law.
Sh'mot 23:4-5 "If you meet your enemy's ox or his donkey wandering away, you shall surely return it to him. If you see the donkey of one who hates you lying helpless under its load, you shall refrain from leaving it to him, you shall surely release it with him.
Yeshua also taught this principle.
Mattityahu (Matthew) 5:43-48 "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbor, and hate your enemy.' "But I say to you, love your enemies, and pray for those who persecute you in order that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. "For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax-gatherers do the same? "And if you greet your brothers only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? "Therefore you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.
If we are operating in the flesh we will want to take out revenge on someone who has wronged us. It is better to leave it to HaShem. He is just and fair in all His dealings.
Romans 12:17-21 Never pay back evil for evil to anyone. Respect what is right in the sight of all men. If possible, so far as it depends on you, be at peace with all men. Never take your own revenge, beloved, but leave room for the wrath of God, for it is written, "Vengeance is Mine, I will repay," says the L-rd. "But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals upon his head." Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
Sh'mot 23:6-8 You shall not pervert the justice due to your needy brother in his dispute. Keep far from a false charge, and do not kill the innocent or the righteous, for I will not acquit the guilty. And you shall not take a bribe, for a bribe blinds the clear-sighted and subverts the cause of the just.
No one wants to live in a society that allows bribery to reign. In these countries officials do not rule by the laws of the country but rule by their own selfish desires. The average citizen does not know for one day to the next what might be expected out of them.
Sh'mot 23:9 And you shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.
This is the second time we hear this command. It was given in the last chapter too.
Sh'mot 22:21 And you shall not wrong a stranger or oppress him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.
Those that attack true believers in Yeshua will receive judgment. We are strangers in a strange land; this is not our true home. If you are attacked consider yourself blessed. We all receive attacks from time to time in the form of harsh words, computer viruses, or physical attacks for telling the truth from the Father. We all should consider it a privilege to suffer for the sake of the Word of the Father through the Son. Don't pay back evil to anyone.