Sh'mot (Exodus) Chapter 3

Moshe's life was divided into three forty-year periods.

The first period of forty years Moshe was heir to the throne of Egypt. When he left Egypt he would have been considered a disgrace to Egypt. They would have tried to destroy any monuments to Moshe or attempt to delete his name and image by erasing them out of the history of Egypt. (See our study on Moshe in Egyptian history from the book "The Exodus Case") His title and position would be lost. Yeshua would also leave His position of power above. His people would look on Him in disgrace too. They did not want to hear or read Yeshua's name. They wanted to blot out every memory of Him.

Moshe would be a shepherd in Median for his second period of forty years. Yeshua called himself the good shepherd of Israel also while He was down here.

During the third period of forty years in Moshe's life, he returned to Egypt and brought with him G-d's judgment. We will review this period of Moshe's life soon. Yeshua will also return and bring G-d's judgment on the whole world. Moshe then lead the Israelites to the Promised Land but was cut off (died) before his rule in the Promised Land. Yeshua while on earth the first time was also cut off (died) before His rule in the Promised Land. His death leads us to the Promised Land above. He, however, still lives on in us and through us. By His Word and the good news we tell others about the Promised Land above. Sometimes we are like John crying in the wilderness to an obstinate people. They either listen or refuse to listen. Either they receive blessing for listening or will receive judgment, just like in the wilderness. They bring judgment down on themselves. Telling someone the truth is not forcing it on them. The choice is theirs to make after hearing it. However, after hearing it and hearing it and rejecting it, their judgment is worse. Why? Because they are more accountable to G-d once they know what the truth is.

We now look at the second period of Moshe's life mentioned only briefly in the Word.

Sh'mot 3:1 Now Moshe was pasturing the flock of Jethro his father-in-law, the priest of; and he led the flock to the west side of the wilderness, and came to Horeb, the mountain of G-d.

Midian - Where is Midian? May people believe that Mt Sinai (also know as Horeb, or "the mountain of G-d") is in the Sinai Peninsula. However, new archeological evidence refutes this claim. The Midianites, descendants of Avraham and Keturah, lived in Northwestern section of the Arabian Peninsula. This is now modern day Saudi Arabia. The Sinai Peninsula is now under the control of Egypt and was under the control of Egypt at the time of Moshe. So when Moshe fled from Egypt he would not have been dwelling in Egyptian territory in the Sinai for 40 years.

Moshe was caring for the flock.

The corresponding letter to this chapter is the third letter Gimel - loving-kindness; culmination, as in planting a seed and caring for it until it matures.

Moshe thought that he was ready to be used by G-d when he was 40 years old in Egypt. G-d, however, needed to cultivate him for another 40 years.

Sh'mot 3:2 And "the Angel of the L-RD" appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and look, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not consumed.

Again we see "the Angel of the L-RD". Who is He again? Surely you know!

The bush was not consumed - this was no ordinary fire. This is a miracle.

We also see a fire that is Ruach HaKodesh or the Shekinah glory. This is the same light that would guide them through the wilderness. This light would later dwell in the temple. The bodies of Believers are the temples of this glory today. Imagine that ... your body is a temple. Shouldn't we try to treat it as such?

1 Corinthians 3:16-18 Do you not know that you are a temple of G-d, and that the Spirit of G-d dwells in you? If any man destroys the temple of G-d, G-d will destroy him, for the temple of G-d is holy, and that is what you are.

Sh'mot 3:3-5 So Moshe said, "I must turn aside now, and see this marvelous sight, why the bush is not burned up." When the L-RD saw that he turned aside to look, G-d called to him from the midst of the bush, and said, "Moshe, Moshe!" And he said, "Here I am." Then He said, "Do not come near here; remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground."

This is no ordinary angel. This is G-d Himself!

Holy ground - The very ground is holy because of the presence of G-d.

Sh'mot 3:6 He said also, "I am the G-d of your father, the G-d of Avraham, the G-d of Yitzchak, and the G-d of Ya'akov." Then Moshe hid his face, for he was afraid to look at G-d.

Hid his face - Moshe did not want to look upon HaShem's holiness.

Notice He says I am the G-d of ... not I was the G-d of...All of them had died physically but they were alive spiritually.

Sh'mot 3:7-10 And the L-RD said, "I have surely seen the affliction of My people who are in Egypt, and have given heed to their cry because of their taskmasters, for I am aware of their sufferings. So I have come down to deliver them from the power of the Egyptians, and to bring them up from that land to a good and spacious land, to a land flowing with milk and honey, to the place of the Canaanite and the Hittite and the Amorite and the Perizzite and the Hivite and the Jebusite. And now, look, the cry of the sons of Israel has come to Me; furthermore, I have seen the oppression with which the Egyptians are oppressing them. Therefore, come now, and I will send you to Pharaoh, so that you may bring My people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt."

The Angel of the L-rd demonstrates loving kindness and caring for His people. He is always with us. At a later time He would say He would never leave us nor forsake us. (Josh 1:5; Heb. 13:5)

Sh'mot 3:11-12 But Moshe said to G-d, "Who am I, that I should go to Pharaoh, and that I should bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?" And He said, "Certainly I will be with you, and this shall be the sign to you that it is I who have sent you: when you have brought the people out of Egypt, you shall worship G-d at this mountain."

Who am I - Moshe spent 40 years in the palace in Egypt but he was not prideful. Moshe shows his humility.

Sh'mot 3:13-14 Then Moshe said to G-d, "look, I am going to the sons of Israel, and I shall say to them, 'The G-d of your fathers has sent me to you.' Now they may say to me, 'What is His name?' What shall I say to them?" And G-d said to Moshe, "I AM WHO I AM"; and He said, "Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, 'I AM has sent me to you.'"

Self-existing one; also states, "I am the one who is and will be."

In Hebrew today "I am" is not conjugated. This is done out of respect and reverence for G-d's holy name.

Revelation 1:8 "I am the Aleph and the Tahv," says the L-rd G-d, "who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty." (cf: Isaiah 41:4)

He is "THE PROMISED SEED" that would come at the fullness of time declaring, "I AM" the way, the truth, and the life. "I AM" the good shepherd."; and "I AM" the root and the offspring of David, the bright morning star." Rev 22:16.

Galatians 4:4-7 But when the time had fully come, G-d sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons. Because you are sons, G-d sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, "Abba, Father." So you are no longer a slave, but a son; and since you are a son, G-d has made you also an heir. NIV

Sh'mot 3:15-16 And G-d, furthermore, said to Moshe, "Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, 'The L-RD, the G-d of your fathers, the G-d of Avraham, the G-d of Yitzchak, and the G-d of Ya'akov, has sent me to you.' This is My name forever, and this is My memorial-name to all generations. Go and gather the elders of Israel together, and say to them, 'The L-RD, the G-d of your fathers, the G-d of Avraham, Yitzchak and Ya'akov, has appeared to me, saying," I am indeed concerned about you and what has been done to you in Egypt.

I am indeed concerned about you - The children of Israel were slaves for many years, just because G-d did not rescue them on their first day of slavery does not mean that he did not care.

Yeshua tells us in Mattityahu (Matthew) 10:28-33 And do not fear those who kill the body, but are unable to kill the soul; but rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. "Are not two sparrows sold for a cent? And yet not one of them will fall to the ground apart from your Father. "But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. "Therefore do not fear; you are of more value than many sparrows. "Everyone therefore who shall confess Me before men, I will also confess him before My Father who is in heaven. "But whoever shall deny Me before men, I will also deny him before My Father who is in heaven.

Apart from your Father - Our heavenly father knows and sees all.