Yechezk'el (Ezekiel) Chapter 19

Chapter 19 is a continuation of chapter 18.

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Koph - holiness; cycles of growth, SUMMARY & JUDGMENT at the end of the cycle of life.

Yechezk'el 19:1-2 "As for you, take up a lamentation for the princes of Israel, and say, 'What was your mother? A lioness among lions! She lay down among young lions, She reared her cubs.

The first lamentation in verses 1-9 is over the "princes of Israel", another title for the "kings of Judah".

A lioness - this is a reference to Y'hudah.

The cubs refer to the kings of Y'hudah.

There are other passages that refer to Y'hudah as a lion.

B'resheet (Genesis) 49:8-9 " Y'hudah, your brothers will praise you; your hand will be on the neck of your enemies; your father's sons will bow down to you. You are a lion's cub, O Y'hudah; you return from the prey, my son. Like a lion he crouches and lies down, like a lioness--who dares to rouse him?

Hosea 5:14-15 For I will be like a lion to Ephraim, like a great lion to Y'hudah. I will tear them to pieces and go away; I will carry them off, with no one to rescue them. Then I will go back to my place until they admit their guilt. And they will seek my face; in their misery they will earnestly seek me."

Yechezk'el 19:3-4 ' When she brought up one of her cubs, He became a lion, and he learned to tear his prey; He devoured men. 'Then nations heard about him; He was captured in their pit, and they brought him with hooks to the land of Egypt.

One of her cubs - this refers to Y'ho'achaz (Jehoahaz). He was only king for 3 months before being deposed by Pharaoh N'khoh (Neco) of Egypt.

M'lakhim Bet (2 Kings) 23:31-34 Y'ho'achaz (Jehoahaz) was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned in Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) three months. His mother's name was Hamutal daughter of Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah); she was from Livnah. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, just as his fathers had done. Pharaoh N'khoh (Neco) put him in chains at Rivlah in the land of Hamath so that he might not reign in Yerushalayim, and he imposed on Y'hudah a levy of a hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. Pharaoh N'khoh (Neco) made Elyakim (Eliakim) son of Yoshiyahu (Josiah) king in place of his father Josiah and changed Elyakim 's name to Y'hoyakim (Jehoiakim). But he took Y'ho'achaz and carried him off to Egypt, and there he died.

Yechezk'el 19:5-9 'When she saw, as she waited, that her hope was lost, She took another of her cubs and made him a young lion. ' And he walked about among the lions; He became a young lion, He learned to tear his prey; He devoured men. 'And he destroyed their fortified towers and laid waste their cities; And the land and its fullness were appalled Because of the sound of his roaring. 'Then nations set against him on every side from their provinces, and they spread their net over him; He was captured in their pit. 'And they put him in a cage with hooks And brought him to the king of Babylon; They brought him in hunting nets So that his voice should be heard no more On the mountains of Israel.

Another of her cubs - Y'hoyakin (Jehoiachin) was carrier off into Bavel (Babylon).

M'lakhim Bet (2 Kings) 24:6-15 Y'hoyakim rested with his fathers. And Y'hoyakin (Jehoiachin) his son succeeded him as king. The king of Egypt did not march out from his own country again, because the king of Bavel (Babylon) had taken all his territory, from the Wadi of Egypt to the Euphrates River. Y'hoyakin (Jehoiachin) was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Yerushalayim three months. His mother's name was N'chushta (Nehushta) daughter of Elnathan; she was from Yerushalayim. He did evil in the eyes of the L-RD, just as his father had done. At that time the officers of N'vukhadnetzar (Nebuchadnezzar) king of Bavel (Babylon) advanced on Yerushalayim and laid siege to it, and N'vukhadnetzar (Nebuchadnezzar) himself came up to the city while his officers were besieging it. Y'hoyakin (Jehoiachin) king of Y'hudah, his mother, his attendants, his nobles and his officials all surrendered to him. In the eighth year of the reign of the king of Bavel (Babylon), he took Y'hoyakin (Jehoiachin) prisoner. As the L-RD had declared, N'vukhadnetzar (Nebuchadnezzar) removed all the treasures from the temple of the L-RD and from the royal palace, and took away all the gold articles that Shlomo (Solomon) king of Israel had made for the temple of the L-RD. He carried into exile all Yerushalayim: all the officers and fighting men, and all the craftsmen and artisans-a total of ten thousand. Only the poorest people of the land were left. N'vukhadnetzar (Nebuchadnezzar) took Y'hoyakin (Jehoiachin) captive to Bavel (Babylon). He also took from Yerushalayim to Bavel (Babylon) the king's mother, his wives, his officials and the leading men of the land.