The corresponding letter to this chapter is Nun-faithfulness; soul; downfall; and rising again.
In this chapter we learn that although Israel sinned against G-d and had to suffer the consequences, that they will eventually will rise again. They are beginning to be restored in this day and age and will be completely restored during the millennial reign of Yeshua HaMashiach.
Yechezk’el 36:1-7 "And you, son of man, prophesy to the mountains of Israel and say, 'O mountains of Israel, hear the word of the L-RD. 'Thus says the L-rd G-D, "Because the enemy has spoken against you, 'Aha!' and, 'The everlasting heights have become our possession,' therefore, prophesy and say,' Thus says the L-rd G-D, "For good cause they have made you desolate and crushed you from every side, that you should become a possession of the rest of the nations, and you have been taken up in the talk and the whispering of the people."' " 'Therefore, O mountains of Israel, hear the word of the L-rd G-D. Thus says the L-rd G-D to the mountains and to the hills, to the ravines and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes and to the forsaken cities, which have become a prey and a derision to the rest of the nations which are round about, therefore, thus says the L-rd G-D, "Surely in the fire of My jealousy I have spoken against the rest of the nations, and against all Edom, who appropriated My land for themselves as a possession with wholehearted joy and with scorn of soul, to drive it out for a prey." 'Therefore, prophesy concerning the land of Israel, and say to the mountains and to the hills, to the ravines and to the valleys, "Thus says the L-rd G-D, 'Look, I have spoken in My jealousy and in My wrath because you have endured the insults of the nations.' "Therefore, thus says the L-rd G-D, 'I have sworn that surely the nations which are around you will themselves endure their insults.
The enemy – Israel’s neighbors were at that time and still are coveting their land. G-d will restore the land to Israel, the rightful owner when he sets up his kingdom headquartered in Yerushalayim (Jerusalem).
O mountains of Israel – The Mountains are symbolic of the whole nation. He promises to restore the people back to the land and also rebuild the cities.
'I have sworn – HaShem is going on record here. He is taking an oath, saying that these things will come to pass.
Yechezk’el 36:8-15 'But you, O mountains of Israel, you will put forth your branches and bear your fruit for My people Israel; for they will soon come. 'For, Look, I am for you, and I will turn to you, and you shall be cultivated and sown. 'And I will multiply men on you, all the house of Israel, all of it; and the cities will be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt. 'And I will multiply on you man and beast; and they will increase and be fruitful; and I will cause you to be inhabited as you were formerly and will treat you better than at the first. Thus you will know that I am the L-RD. 'Yes, I will cause men-- My people Israel-- to walk on you and possess you, so that you will become their inheritance and never again bereave them of children.' "Thus says the L-rd G-D, 'Because they say to you," You are a devourer of men and have bereaved your nation of children, " therefore, you will no longer devour men, and no longer bereave your nation of children,' declares the L-rd G-D.
"And I will not let you hear insults from the nations anymore, nor will you bear disgrace from the peoples any longer, nor will you cause your nation to stumble any longer," declares the L-rd G-D.' "
And I will not let you hear insults from the nations anymore – This can’t happen soon enough. The people of Israel have been abused and suffered insults from the nations of the world for centuries. Soon the Messiah will come and put an end to it once and for all.
Israel is a type of Messiah.
Yechezk’el 36:16-24 Then the word of the L-RD came to me saying, "Son of man, when the house of Israel was living in their own land, they defiled it by their ways and their deeds; their way before Me was like the uncleanness of a woman in her impurity. "Therefore, I poured out My wrath on them for the blood which they had shed on the land, because they had defiled it with their idols. "Also I scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed throughout the lands. According to their ways and their deeds I judged them. "When they came to the nations where they went, they profaned My holy name, because it was said of them, 'These are the people of the L-RD; yet they have come out of His land.' "But I had concern for My holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the nations where they went. "Therefore, say to the house of Israel, 'Thus says the L-rd G-D," It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act, but for My holy name, which you have profaned among the nations where you went. "And I will vindicate the holiness of My great name which has been profaned among the nations, which you have profaned in their midst. Then the nations will know that I am the L-RD," declares the L-rd G-D, "when I prove Myself holy among you in their sight. "For I will take you from the nations, gather you from all the lands, and bring you into your own land.
Uncleanness of a woman in her impurity – This is a graphic description of Israel’s sin being compared to dirty menstrual rags. Some people do not want to call sin what it is S-I-N. They want to say things like, mistake, alternate lifestyle, etc. But in G-d’s eyes our sin is pretty disgusting.
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
Yesha'yahu is telling us that all of our Mitzvah (good deeds) are as Schmutzegeh Shmatas (filthy rags).
Not because of any action on Israel’s part, because of His OWN NAME SAKE and because of His own promises. Israel started to slowly come back to the land starting in the late 1800’s. They drained marshes and swamps and replanted. In 1948 Israel once again became a nation. Today it is the third largest producer of fruit.
Yechezk’el 36:25-26 "Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. "Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.
Sprinkle clean water - They are still very secular today. This is referring to the spiritual renewal coming in the future.
Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah) 31:31-34 "Behold, days are coming," declares the L-RD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them, "declares the L-RD. "But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days," declares the L-RD, "I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.
The heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh – This is referring to spiritual regeneration.
What awakens them? We will learn more about this in chapters 38 and 39.
Yechezk’el 36:27-32 "And I will put My Spirit within you and cause you to walk in My statutes, and you will be careful to observe My ordinances. "And you will live in the land that I gave to your forefathers; so you will be My people, and I will be your G-d. "Moreover, I will save you from all your uncleanness; and I will call for the grain and multiply it, and I will not bring a famine on you. "And I will multiply the fruit of the tree and the produce of the field, that you may not receive again the disgrace of famine among the nations. "Then you will remember your evil ways and your deeds that were not good, and you will loathe yourselves in your own sight for your iniquities and your abominations. "I am not doing this for your sake," declares the L-rd G-D, "let it be known to you. Be ashamed and confounded for your ways, O house of Israel!"
Israel will then follow after the L-rd and He will bless them.
Yechezk’el 36:33-36 'Thus says the L-rd G-D, "On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt. "And the desolate land will be cultivated instead of being a desolation in the sight of everyone who passed by. "And they will say, 'This desolate land has become like the garden of Eden; and the waste, desolate, and ruined cities are fortified and inhabited.' "Then the nations that are left round about you will know that I, the L-RD, have rebuilt the ruined places and planted that which was desolate; I, the L-RD, have spoken and will do it."
Israel is the number one exporter of flowers to Holland-around 1.2 billion flowers to the Dutch last year.
Like the Garden of Eden – The complete restoration will happen during the reign of Yeshua HaMashiach.
Yechezk’el 36:37-38 'Thus says the L-rd G-D, "This also I will let the house of Israel ask Me to do for them: I will increase their men like a flock. "Like the flock for sacrifices, like the flock at Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) during her appointed feasts, so will the waste cities be filled with flocks of men. Then they will know that I am the L-RD."' "