Yechezk'el (Ezekiel) Chapter 40

The following chapters describe the Millennial Temple of Yeshua HaMashiach.

Yechezk’el 40:1-3 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth of the month, in the fourteenth year after the city was taken, on that same day the “HAND” of the L-RD was upon me and He brought me there. In the visions of G-d He brought me into the land of Israel, and set me on a very high mountain; and on it to the south there was a structure like a city. So He brought me there; and look, there was a man whose appearance was like the appearance of bronze, with a line of flax and a measuring rod in his hand; and he was standing in the gateway. And the man said to me, "Son of man, see with your eyes, hear with your ears, and give attention to all that I am going to show you; for you have been brought here in order to show it to you. Declare to the house of Israel all that you see."

At the beginning of the year, on the tenth of the month – this was Pesach (Passover).

After the city was taken – This is the city of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem).

On a very high mountain – this is probably referring to Mt. Zion. The geography of Israel will be greatly altered during the tribulation period.

Zechariah 14:10 All the land will be changed into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Yerushalayim; but Yerushalayim will rise and remain on its site from Benjamin's Gate as far as the place of the First Gate to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the king's wine presses.

There was a man whose appearance was like the appearance of bronze – This is yet another pre-Bethlehem appearance of Yeshua in the Tanakh. He is STANDING in the gateway. – The description is similar to the one in Revelation chapter One.

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Tzaddi – righteous, kneeling and standing.

There will be a temple built in the future that will predate the millennial temple described here. It will be the temple that will be in use during the time of Ya’akov’s trouble. That temple will be destroyed because it will be desecrated by the dark reign of the Anti-Messiah who will himself declare to be G-d. The one and only Messiah Yeshua who is truly righteous and truly G-d will consecrate this temple. His own will no longer be the rejected cornerstone of the temple.

1 Kefa (Peter) 2:4-10 And coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected by men, but choice and precious in the sight of G-d, you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to G-d through Yeshua HaMashiach. For this is contained in Scripture: "Look I lay in Zion a choice stone, a precious corner stone, and he who believes in Him shall not be disappointed." This precious value, then, is for you who believe. But for those who disbelieve, “The stone which the builders rejected, this became the very corner stone," and, "A stone of stumbling and a rock of offense"; for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed. But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for G-d's own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light; for you once were not a people, but now you are the people of G-d; you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.

There seems to be three gates and a higher and lower plain. No gate to the west. It is a very large building.

Yechezk’el 40:5-23 And look, there was a wall on the outside of the temple all around, and in the man's hand was a measuring rod of six cubits, each of which was a cubit and a handbreadth. So he measured the thickness of the wall, one rod; and the height, one rod. Then he went to the gate, which faced east, went up its steps, and measured the threshold of the gate, one rod in width; and the other threshold was one rod in width. And the guardroom was one rod long and one rod wide; and there were five cubits between the guardrooms. And the threshold of the gate by the porch of the gate facing inward was one rod. Then he measured the porch of the gate facing inward, one rod. And he measured the porch of the gate, eight cubits; and its side pillars, two cubits. And the porch of the gate was faced inward. And the guardrooms of the gate toward the east numbered three on each side; the three of them had the same measurement. The side pillars also had the same measurement on each side. And he measured the width of the gateway, ten cubits, and the length of the gate, thirteen cubits. And there was a barrier wall one cubit wide in front of the guardrooms on each side; and the guardrooms were six cubits square on each side. And he measured the gate from the roof of the one guardroom to the roof of the other, a width of twenty-five cubits from one door to the door opposite. And he made the side pillars sixty cubits high; the gate extended round about to the side pillar of the courtyard. And from the front of the entrance gate to the front of the inner porch of the gate was fifty cubits. And there were shuttered windows looking toward the guardrooms, and toward their side pillars within the gate all around, and likewise for the porches. And there were windows all around inside; and on each side pillar were palm tree ornaments. Then he brought me into the outer court, and look, there were chambers and a pavement, made for the court all around; thirty chambers faced the pavement. And the pavement (that is, the lower pavement) was by the side of the gates, corresponding to the length of the gates. Then he measured the width from the front of the lower gate to the front of the exterior of the inner court, a hundred cubits on the east and on the north. And as for the gate of the outer court which faced the north, he measured its length and its width. And it had three guardrooms on each side; and its side pillars and its porches had the same measurement as the first gate. Its length was fifty cubits, and the width twenty-five cubits. And its windows, and its porches, and its palm tree ornaments had the same measurements as the gate which faced toward the east; and it was reached by seven steps, and its porch was in front of them. And the inner court had a gate opposite the gate on the north as well as the gate on the east; and he measured a hundred cubits from gate to gate.

A measuring rod – This measuring rod was 6 long cubits. These cubits are different than others mentioned in scripture. A normal cubit is 18 inches (45.72 cm). The long cubit added an additional hand width of 3 inches (7.62 cm), making it 21 inches long (53.34 cm). Therefore, the rod was 10 feet, 6 inches (3m 20.04 cm) long.

The palm trees remind others that each one is responsible for their own life regardless of those around them that may have rejected Him. We each are responsible to thrive in the most adverse conditions just like the Palm trees in the desert.

Divrei-HaYamim Bet (2 Chronicles) 3:5 And he overlaid the main room with cypress wood and overlaid it with fine gold, and ornamented it with palm trees and chains.

Feast of tabernacles -Palm branches were also thrown before Yeshua the son of David to announce His entry into Yerushalayim. He was and is what the temple made with hands represents and points to. He tabernacled among us and was victorious over death and He brought liberty to all captives from their sin.

Yochanan (John) 12:12-13 On the next day the great multitude who had come to the feast, when they heard that Yeshua was coming to Yerushalayim, took the branches of the palm trees, and went out to meet Him, and began to cry out, "Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the L-rd, even the King of Israel."

He will not be seen again until Israel says blessed is He who comes in the name of the L-rd.

Mattityahu (Matthew) 23:37-39 "O Yerushalayim, Yerushalayim, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing. Look, your house is left to you desolate. For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, `Blessed is he who comes in the name of the L-rd.'"

Palm branches will also be waived at Him in the future.

Revelation 7:9-11 After these things I looked, and Look, a great multitude, which no one could count, from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the LAMB, clothed in white robes, and PALM BRANCHES were in their hands; and they cry out with a loud voice, saying,

"Salvation to our G-d who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb." And all the angels were standing around the throne and around the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before the throne and worshiped G-d.

Yechezk’el 40:24-34 Then he led me toward the south, and look, there was a gate toward the south; and he measured its side pillars and its porches according to those same measurements. And the gate and its porches had windows all around like those other windows; the length was fifty cubits and the width twenty-five cubits. And there were seven steps going up to it, and its porches were in front of them; and it had palm tree ornaments on its side pillars, one on each side. And the inner court had a gate toward the south; and he measured from gate to gate toward the south, a hundred cubits. Then he brought me to the inner court by the south gate; and he measured the south gate according to those same measurements. Its guardrooms also, its side pillars, and its porches were according to those same measurements. And the gate and its porches had windows all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. And there were porches all around, twenty-five cubits long and five cubits wide. And its porches were toward the outer court; and palm tree ornaments were on its side pillars, and its stairway had eight steps. And he brought me into the inner court toward the east. And he measured the gate according to those same measurements. Its guardrooms also, its side pillars, and its porches were according to those same measurements. And the gate and its porches had windows all around; it was fifty cubits long and twenty-five cubits wide. And its porches were toward the outer court; and palm tree ornaments were on its side pillars, on each side, and its stairway had eight steps.

Eight steps - the eight here may represent man’s ability to transport beyond the limitation of physical existence. The number is also used often in various ways in temple service.

Yechezk’el 40:35-41 Then he brought me to the north gate; and he measured it according to those same measurements, with its guardrooms, its side pillars, and its porches. And the gate had windows all around; the length was fifty cubits and the width twenty-five cubits. And its side pillars were toward the outer court; and palm tree ornaments were on its side pillars on each side, and its stairway had eight steps. And a chamber with its doorway was by the side pillars at the gates; there they rinse the burnt offering. And in the porch of the gate were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering. And on the outer side, as one went up to the gateway toward the north, were two tables; and on the other side of the porch of the gate were two tables. Four tables were on each side next to the gate; or, eight tables on which they slaughter sacrifices.

Eight tables used.

Offering – the burnt, sin, and guilt (trespass) offerings are mentioned here. The sacrificial system will be reestablished. During the tanakh period the offerings looked forward to the day that Yeshua died for us on the execution stake. In the future millennium they will look back to the day they Yeshua died for our sins. Animal sacrifice NEVER took away the sins of the people and they never will.

Hebrews 10:4 For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.

Yechezk’el 40:42-47 And for the burnt offering there were four tables of hewn stone, a cubit and a half long, a cubit and a half wide, and one cubit high, on which they lay the instruments with which they slaughter the burnt offering and the sacrifice. And the double hooks, one handbreadth in length, were installed in the house all around; and on the tables was the flesh of the offering. And from the outside to the inner gate were chambers for the singers in the inner court, one of which was at the side of the north gate, with its front toward the south, and one at the side of the east gate facing toward the north. And he said to me, "This is the chamber which faces toward the south, intended for the priests who keep charge of the temple; but the chamber which faces toward the north is for the priests who keep charge of the altar. These are the sons of Tzadok (Zadok_, who from the sons of Levi come near to the L-RD to minister to Him. " And he measured the court, a perfect square, a hundred cubits long and a hundred cubits wide; and the altar was in front of the temple.

Sons of Tzadok used according to the promise by HaShem.

Yechezk’el 40:48-49 Then he brought me to the porch of the temple and measured each side pillar of the porch, five cubits on each side; and the width of the gate was three cubits on each side. The length of the porch was twenty cubits, and the width eleven cubits; and at the stairway by which it was ascended were columns belonging to the side pillars, one on each side.