B'resheet 11:1 Now the whole earth used the same language and the same words.
Was this Hebrew?
What will we speak during the future reign? Hebrew?
The same language and the same words - this means that they had the same language and the same dialect.
Today we have American English, British English, etc. Even in America we have various dialects and sometimes there is difficulty in understanding people who are speaking the same language because of different dialects.
B'resheet 11:2 And it came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there.
The land of Shinar - Ancient Babylon - Modern day Iraq.
As they journeyed east - This seems to indicate that the Ark landed west of here. This could possibly be in Iran.
B'resheet 11:3-4 And they said to one another, "Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly." And they used brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar. And they said, "Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves a name; lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth."
This region does not have a lot of rocks or stones to build with. So it makes sense that they were making bricks.
Tar for mortar - Tar comes from Oil; Iraq has an abundance of Oil. It is little statements like this that are peppered throughout the Bible that give the Bible credibility. In other words, this passage is believable because the little details are consistent with what we know about the region. Therefore, we should be able to accept the entire passage as an actual event.
The eleventh letter is Kaf- crowning accomplishment.
Lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth - This was in direct rebellion to what G-d told them when they left the ark. They were told to repopulate the earth not stay in one area.
B'resheet 9:7 "And as for you, be fruitful and multiply; populate the earth abundantly and multiply in it."
They were not stupid. They were not trying to reach heaven by building a really tall building.
Whose top will reach into heaven - The original Hebrew does not have all of these words. It should read, "Whose top is heaven".
It is believed that they were beginning to worship the sun, moon, stars, and planets.
"Several very large, staged temple-towers, or multi-storied ziggurats, have been discovered in Babylonia. One such ziggurat in Babylon was a marvel of colored, glazed tiles, standing over 297 feet high. Its name Etemenaki, means: 'the building of the foundation platform of heaven and earth'. It was associated with the temple of Marduk, Esagila 'the building whose top is (in heaven).'" "Paradise to Prison" written by John J. Davis, Baker Book House, 1975, Page 146.
It is possible that the tower of Babel was a pre curser to the ziggurats found in the region. The pyramids of Egypt and the ruins of the Mayans in Mexico are very similar. Perhaps they are all modeled after the original "tower of Babel"
B'resheet 11:5-6 And the L-RD came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built. And the L-RD said, "Behold, they are one people, and they all have the same language. And this is what they began to do, and now nothing which they purpose to do will be impossible for them.
There is speculation that they were into Astrology or a place of worship for the hosts of heaven. (Fallen angels) This was man's attempt at Utopia without HaShem. Mankind is still interested in reaching the stars, planets and other alien forms of life instead of following the will of Adonai.
Josephus declares it as a place of security against a second flood. (Antiquities, b .i., Ch. 4)
Maybe they wanted a world of peace and security? Sound familiar?
The World today is crying out for peace and security. The Whole World today will follow a future Babylon.
Maybe they didn't have any place in their hearts for HaShem and His promise of no more global floods. In their pride they wanted to be self-sufficient and find security by themselves. They wanted to secure their own salvation and would not trust HaShem at His Word. This would have been a physical salvation but this same kind of thing could be said of those that do not trust in the coming Messiah promised in B'resheet 3:15 that has spiritual implications.
What about in the future?
Rev 18:1-10 After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illumined with his glory. And he cried out with a mighty voice, saying, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon the great! And she has become a dwelling place of demons and a prison of every unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird. "For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the passion of her immorality, and the kings of the earth have committed acts of immorality with her, and the merchants of the earth have become rich by the wealth of her sensuality." And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, "Come out of her, my people, that you may not participate in her sins and that you may not receive of her plagues; for her sins have piled up as high as heaven, and G-d has remembered her iniquities. "Pay her back even as she has paid, and give back to her double according to her deeds; in the cup which she has mixed, mix twice as much for her. "To the degree that she glorified herself and lived sensuously, to the same degree give her torment and mourning; for she says in her heart, 'I sit as a queen and I am not a widow, and will never see mourning.' "For this reason in one day her plagues will come, pestilence and mourning and famine, and she will be burned up with fire; for the L-rd G-d who judges her is strong. "And the kings of the earth, who committed acts of immorality and lived sensuously with her, will weep and lament over her when they see the smoke of her burning, standing at a distance because of the fear of her torment, saying,' Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon, the strong city! For in one hour your judgment has come.' NAS
One can also come out of the Babylon's system by coming to trust in Yeshua as their Messiah and trusting that He died for our sins.
Back to our study of the past:
B'resheet 11:7 Come, let Us go down and there confuse their language, that they may not understand one another's speech."
let Us - This is a reference to the tri-unity of G-d.