B'resheet 42:1-4 Now Ya'akov saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Ya'akov said to his sons, "Why are you staring at one another?" And he said, "Look, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt; go down there and buy some for us from that place, so that we may live and not die." Then ten brothers of Yosef went down to buy grain from Egypt. But Ya'akov did not send Yosef's brother Benjamin with his brothers, for he said, "I am afraid that harm may befall him."
It seems Ya'akov still plays favorites.
B'resheet 42:5 So the sons of Israel came to buy grain among those who were coming, for the famine was in the land of Canaan also.
The famine brought people from all over to Egypt for food.
B'resheet 42:6-7 Now Yosef was the ruler over the land; he was the one who sold to all the people of the land. And Yosef's brothers came and bowed down to him with their faces to the ground. When Yosef saw his brothers he recognized them, but he disguised himself to them and spoke to them harshly. And he said to them, "Where have you come from?" And they said, "From the land of Canaan, to buy food."
Here we go back to the beginning of Yosef's life. Yosef's dream finally comes true. (Gen 37:6-11)
Sadly, his family failed to believe him and trust that what he said would come to pass. Sadly, many of those in our family and even in Yeshua's family failed to believe who He is, was and will be. James did not believe what his own half-brother Yeshua told him until much later, sometime after His resurrection. Many in Israel do not believe that Yeshua is the Mashiach and will not until Yeshua returns and sits on His throne just like when Yosef was sitting on his throne.
The corresponding letter to this chapter is Resh -wickedness; head or beginning.
Disguised himself - 22 years had passed and the teenager was now a man. He would have been in Egyptian dress and he spoke to the through an interpreter without any sign of familiarity.
B'resheet 42:8 But Yosef had recognized his brothers, although they did not recognize him.
In contrast, all will recognize Yeshua Ben David when they see Him.
Zech 12:10 "And I will pour out on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Yerushalayim, the Spirit of grace and of supplication, so that they will look on Me whom they have pierced;
B'resheet 42:9-10 And Yosef remembered the dreams which he had about them, and said to them, "You are spies; you have come to look at the undefended parts of our land." Then they said to him, "No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food.
Yosef pretends he doesn't know them. Yeshua will declare he does not know many also even though he really knows everyone.
Matt 25:1-13 "Then the kingdom of heaven will be comparable to ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom. "And five of them were foolish, and five were prudent. "For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them, but the prudent took oil in flasks along with their lamps. "Now while the bridegroom was delaying, they all got drowsy and began to sleep. "But at midnight there was a shout, 'Look, the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.' "Then all those virgins rose, and trimmed their lamps. "And the foolish said to the prudent, 'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.' "But the prudent answered, saying, 'No, there will not be enough for us and you too; go instead to the dealers and buy some for yourselves.' "And while they were going away to make the purchase, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the wedding feast; and the door was shut. "And later the other virgins also came, saying, 'Lord, lord, open up for us.' "But he answered and said, 'Truly I say to you, I do not know you.' "Be on the alert then, for you do not know the day nor the hour.
Yosef claims they are spies. Yeshua will also look for spies that do not belong when he returns.
Matt 22:8-14 "Then he said to his slaves, 'The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy. 'Go therefore to the main highways, and as many as you find there, invite to the wedding feast.' "And those slaves went out into the streets, and gathered together all they found, both evil and good; and the wedding hall was filled with dinner guests. "But when the king came in to look over the dinner guests, he saw there a man not dressed in wedding clothes, and he said to him,' Friend, how did you come in here without wedding clothes?' And he was speechless. "Then the king said to the servants, 'Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into the outer darkness; in that place there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.' "For many are called, but few are chosen."
B'resheet 42:11-13 We are all sons of one man; we are honest men, your servants are not spies." Yet he said to them, "No, but you have come to look at the undefended parts of our land!" But they said, "Your servants are twelve brothers in all, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and look, the youngest is with our father today, and one is no more."
Honest men - This is hardly accurate. Honest men do not sell their brother into slavery and then lie about it.
Yosef is trying to see if they had any change in their hearts or not. This is like Yeshua. Unless we have a change in our hearts our relationship cannot be restored to Him.
One is no more - They all thought Yosef was dead. Many believe Yeshua is still dead.
B'resheet 42:14-17 And Yosef said to them, "It is as I said to you, you are spies; by this you will be tested: by the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go from this place unless your youngest brother comes here! "Send one of you that he may get your brother, while you remain confined, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you. But if not, by the life of Pharaoh, surely you are spies." So he put them all together in prison for three days.
Sometimes you reap what you sow.
Galatians 6:7-8 Do not be deceived, G-d is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, this he will also reap.
They were put in jail just like they were responsible for Yosef going to jail. HaShem just used it for the good. Sometimes when things go bad in our lives we must remember that G-d allows certain things to happen in our lives for our own good. We have this promise in His Word.
Rom 8:28-30 And we know that G-d causes all things to work together for good to those who love G-d, to those who are called according to His purpose. For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the first-born among many brethren; and whom He predestined, these He also called; and whom He called, these He also justified; and whom He justified, these He also glorified.
B'resheet 42:18-24 Now Yosef said to them on the third day, "Do this and live, for I fear G-d: if you are honest men, let one of your brothers be confined in your prison; but as for the rest of you, go, carry grain for the famine of your households, and bring your youngest brother to me, so your words may be verified, and you will not die. "And they did so. Then they said to one another, "Truly we are guilty concerning our brother, because we saw the distress of his soul when he pleaded with us, yet we would not listen; therefore this distress has come upon us." And Reuben answered them, saying, "Did I not tell you, 'Do not sin against the boy'; and you would not listen? Now comes the reckoning for his blood." They did not know, however, that Yosef understood, for there was an interpreter between them. And he turned away from them and wept. But when he returned to them and spoke to them, he took Simeon from them and bound him before their eyes.
Simeon was the second oldest and had been the oldest brother there when Yosef was sold into slavery.
This of course points us to what happened also with Yeshua being the rejected cornerstone by His own people. There would be consequences for this and we see these consequences when (Titus) another nation was used by HaShem to destroy the temple in 70 A.D. and then there was dispersion. Distress would come on Israel "as a nation" another "type" that points to our Messiah.
Yeshua did not begin to reign after His resurrection. He will reign soon, in the third millennium. Israel would not become a nation again until nearly the third millennium. See our Dry Bones study in Ezekiel. There are also seven years of Jacob's trouble left for the nation mentioned in Daniel, Revelation and Zech 14.
See our studies on these chapters.
What good came about from the stumbling of the nation of Israel? Many of the Goyim have believed in Yeshua and have been grafted in. G-d is not a respecter of persons when it comes to eternal salvation.
2 Peter 3:8-9 But do not let this one fact escape your notice, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance. NAS
The reckoning for his blood - This too is like Yeshua. His brothers, the Israelites, have had to deal with the consequences of demanding His death.
Matt 27:25 And all the people answered and said, "His blood be on us and on our children!"
Still it was all part of the Father's plan that He should die to provide spiritual eternal life for His brethren; just as it was His plan for Yosef to proceed his brothers in to Egypt to provide physical life for them.