Hebrews 5:1-4 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to G-d, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins: Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity. And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins. And no man taketh this honor unto himself, but he that is called of G-d, as was Aaron.
This High Priest is superior to Aaron.
Hebrews 5:5 So also Mashiach (Christ) glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee.
Psalms 2:7 “I will declare the decree: the L-RD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.”
Hebrews 5:6-10 As He saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek. Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him; Called of G-d an high priest after the order of Melchizedek.
Yeshua as our High Priest is better because He is a High Priest according to the order of Melchizedek and He is a better sacrifice.
Ps 110:1-4 The L-RD said unto my L-rd, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool. The L-RD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. The L-RD hath sworn, and will not repent; Thou art a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek (Malki-Tzedek).
(See Genesis chapter 14 for more on Melchizedek.)
We must explore this Malki-Tzedek, King of Salem. He is a mystery. He is (Prophet, Priest, King) and picture of our L-rd Yeshua.
In Gen 14:4 it says the kings rebelled. King of Shin’ar (Iraq), King of Elasar, King of ‘Elam (Syria) and a king of Goyim;
Interestingly the Kings are many of the same players today in the middle-east and here they raid the land and take Lot captive. Abraham wins and takes the spoils. Melchizedek meets Abraham (Avram) after the slaughtering of K’dorla ‘omer and the kings with him. They meet in the Shaveh(from the root Sabbath) Valley, also known as King’s Valley or Kidron Valley by the Mount. of Olives. He comes after the war with bread and wine. His rest is coming up.
Malki-Tzedek was cohen of El’Elyon (G-d Most High). He predated Moshe and Abraham.(Avram). Avram gave tithes to Melchizedek.
Melchizedek brought bread and wine. This is a prophecy. Later Yeshua takes bread and wine in John 6, bringing us back to Melchizedek, which connects him to Melchizedek.
Yeshua declares in:
John 6:53-57: Then Yeshua said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.
Yeshua metaphorically calling of the bread and wine of Melchizedek (Malki-Tzedek) The bread and wine, symbolizing the death of the righteous Yeshua and his blood as atonement to enter this rest.
Then Yeshua said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moshe gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of G-d is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world. Then said they unto him, L-rd, evermore give us this bread. And Yeshua said unto them, I am… the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.
Why Superior? (We will get to this in Ch 7-10)
Yeshua is the source of our redemption for one.
Heb 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
He fulfilled and completed it all; He became the source of our hope.
Heb 5:11-13 Of whom we have many things to say, and hard to be uttered, seeing ye are dull of hearing. For when for the time ye ought to be teachers, ye have need that one teach you again which be the first principles of the oracles of G-d; and are become such as have need of milk, and not of strong meat. For every one that useth milk is unskillful in the word of righteousness: for he is a babe.
Some still need again to hear the elementary principles. Some believers, whom should by this time ought to be teachers by now, are hard of hearing and are still drinking milk and are still babes. Some are not accustomed to the word of righteousness.
Heb 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, even those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
These sayings are for the mature and those whom are trained in sound teaching and can discern good and evil.