Hebrews 8:1-2 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the L-rd pitched, and not man.
Yeshua is our High Priest who serves in the Tabernacle not set up by man.
Hebrews 8:3 Every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices, and so it was necessary for this one also to have something to offer.
The earthly priests were to minister here on earth in a tabernacle that was a copy and shadow of the one in heaven.
This is why Moshe was warned to make everything according to the pattern shown to him on the mountain.
Hebrews 8:4-5 For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moshe was admonished of G-d when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.
Hebrews 8:6 But the ministry Yeshua (Jesus) has received is as superior to theirs as the covenant of which he is mediator is superior to the old one, and it is founded on better promises.
Yeshua's service is superior and founded on better promises.
Think of it this way, if a wife returned to her husband after a long day in the wheat field, if she rushed out in to meet him and instead of embracing him tried to embrace his shadow. Let's hang on to what the temple symbolizes, our bridegroom, Yeshua.
These better promises have been made Torah.
Hebrews 8:7-9 For if there had been nothing wrong with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. But G-d found fault with the PEOPLE and said: "The time is coming, declares the L-rd, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares the L-rd.
It clearly states not according to the covenant when they where lead out of the land of Egypt.
If we look back to Deut. 28 we have a covenant according to obedience. G-d gave warning to Israel that in case of disobedience He would send a king from a nation from afar. Obey or judgment. First the northern tribe was conquered and later the Southern tribe of Judah.
Hebrews 8:6 But now hath He obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also He is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.
This tells us the first covenant is "passing away". Why? Man could not obtain it. G-d found fault with the people or us. G-d's standard is perfection. No man except Yeshua is perfect.
James 2:10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
If you make one mistake you are guilty of the whole law.
This verse in James is NOT an excuse. It is G-d's word speaking to us. Does He give excuses? No… It is fact.
Will we ever obtain perfection? Yes, when we reach our glorified state. (Phil. 1:6)
Only Yeshua could not break it because He did not receive a human sin nature from His father and He is our only hope.
Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the L-rd; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a G-d, and they shall be to me a people:
This tells us He will write it in their hearts………and their sins will be remembered no more. A new covenant of the heart also explored in Deuteronomy. (D'VARIM)
Deuteronomy chapter 30 speaks of a second dispersion. Notice it says that G-d will bring Israel back from "Nations" - plural.
There is a different reason for this Second dispersion.
The reason can be found in Luke 19: They shout:
Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of Adonai!
Peace (Shalom) in heaven and glory in the highest. (From Psalm (Tehillim) 118)
Some of the Pharisees (P'rushim) from the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples (talmidim). And He answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would cry out.
Yeshua was worshipped openly. Now was the time for the Mashiach.
Luke 19:41-44 And when He was come near, He beheld the city, and wept over it, Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in "this thy day", the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Significance of "this day". If "this day" it would have been known but it was hidden from their eyes. He was rejected. Because they rejected Yeshua Israel was scattered to the four corners of the world
Deut. 30:6 G-d says He would "circumcise their heart". This is the new covenant…Moshe was looking forward in time to this covenant.
Deut. 30:11 It is not hidden, it is not far off. This covenant is obtainable and has been revealed to us.
Deut. 30:14 The Word is here in thy mouth.
Deut. 30:15 "THIS DAY" life and good and death and evil.
1 John 5:12 He who has the son has the life; he who does not have the Son of G-d does not have life. These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of G-d, so that you may know you have eternal life. NASV
Hebrews 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
When He said, "A new covenant," he has made the first old; but whatever is becoming old and in the process of aging is ready to disappear.