John 12:1-2 Then Yeshua (Jesus) six days before Pesach (the Passover) came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom He raised from the dead. There they made Him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with Him.
It was 6 days before Pesach (Passover) Yeshua was back in Bethany. Bethany is on the east side of the Mount of Olives. From the top of the Mount of Olives there is a breath taking view of Jerusalem. The Garden of Gethsemane is at the base of the Mount of Olives on the west side.
Yeshua is back having dinner with Lazarus and His talmidim (disciples).
John 12:3-8 Then Mary took a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Yeshua (Jesus), and wiped His feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the fragrance of the ointment. Then said one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray Him, Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred denarii, and given to the poor? He said this, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the moneybox, and he used to take what was put in it. Then Yeshua (Jesus) said, Let her alone: she kept this for the day of My burial. For the poor you have with you always; but Me you do not have always.
Spikenard is very expensive oil extracted from the root of a plant that was grown in India. 300 denarii was one year’s salary for the average worker.
Judas was not really concerned with the poor. He was the treasurer of the group and was secretly about to pilfer the group treasury for himself.
Mary had a heart of gratitude for Yeshua and His mercy. She showed her gratitude out of love for Him.
During this time lavish sums of money were spent on funerals, which included costly perfumes to cover the smell of decay.
John 12:9-11 A great many of the Jews therefore knew that He was there: and they came not for Yeshua’s (Jesus’) sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom He had raised from the dead. But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death. Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed on Yeshua (Jesus).
Many wanted to see not only Yeshua but also Lazarus.
Here we learn that the chief priests not only wanted to kill Yeshua but also Lazarus. These religious leaders were completely corrupt. They were not being intellectually honest with the facts. They witnessed miracle after miracle yet they were MORE interested in JOB SECURITY and their standing in the JEWISH community than they were with the truth. Approximately 2,000 years have passed and we still have this type of reaction to Yeshua.
John 12:12 On the next day the great multitude who had come to the feast, when they heard that Yeshua (Jesus) was coming to Jerusalem,
Today this is referred to as Psalm Sunday. The scripture states “the next day”. Am I missing something here? I have looked at the four gospels and do not see where we can know for sure that this was a Sunday. If anyone can find a verse that states what day of the week this is please share it with us.
John 12:13 …took the branches of the palm trees, and went out to meet Him, and began to cry out, "Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the name of the L-rd, even the King of Israel.
From about 200 years earlier, the waving of Psalm branches had become a national symbol, which signaled the fervent hope that a messianic liberator was arriving on the scene.
Hosanna is a Hebrew word, which means, “Give salvation now”
It comes from:
Psalms 118:25-26 Save now, I beseech thee, O L-RD: O L-RD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.
John 12:14-16 And Yeshua (Jesus), finding a young donkey, sat on it; as it is written, "Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold, your King is coming, seated on a donkey's colt." These things His disciples did not understand at the FIRST; but when Yeshua (Jesus) was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written of Him, and that they had done these things to Him.
This fulfilled Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, your King comes to you: He is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
The talmidim (disciples) later on remembered this was written in the Word about the Messiah.
John 12:17-19 The people therefore that was with Him when He called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record. For this cause the people also met Him, for that they heard that He had done this miracle. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, ‘You see that you are accomplishing nothing. Look, the world has gone after Him!’
The world indeed has gone after Him. G-d wants all men to receive mercy, all men regardless of national origin, color, or creed.
John 12:20-22 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Yeshua (Jesus). Philip came and told Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip told Yeshua (Jesus).
Unleavened Bread - The next night unleavened bread was eaten for seven days. This symbolized a holy walk with the L-rd. The unleavened bread in the B’rit Hadashah (New Testament) is the body of Yeshua. He is described as “the Bread of Life” and was born in Bethlehem, which means “House of Bread”. Fulfilled when Yeshua was buried.
John 12:23-24 But Yeshua (Jesus) answered them, saying, "The hour has come that the Son of Man should be glorified. Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it produces much grain.
Yeshua had to die to bear more fruit. We are that fruit. He is our first-fruit. He rose from the dead on the “Feast of First Fruits”.
The Hebrew letter for 12 is “Lamed” - teaching and learning. Yeshua taught spiritual things by physical things.
John 12:25-27 He who loves his life loses it; and he who hates his life in this world shall keep it to life eternal. "If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there shall My servant also be; if anyone serves Me, the Father will honor him. "Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, 'Father, save Me from this hour'? But for this purpose I came to this hour.
He came to show mercy and to take our judgment on Himself.
John 12:28-30 Father, glorify your name. Then came a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again. The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spoke to Him. Yeshua (Jesus) answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.
Yeshua prays…Father, glorify your name!"
G-d the Father responds,”Then a voice came from heaven, "I have glorified it, and will glorify it again."
This was one of 3 times that the Father spoke audibly (His baptism (immersion) Matt 3:17; His transfiguration Matt 17:5 were the other 2 times.)
The crowd that was there and heard it said it had thundered; others said an angel had spoken to Him.
Yeshua (Jesus) said, "This voice was for your benefit, not mine.
We are saved from spiritual death by no other name except His name. It does not matter what language you say it in.