John 19:11 Yeshua (Jesus) answered, You could have no power at all against Me, except it were given you from above, therefore he that delivered Me to you has the greater sin.
The one who delivered me to you has the greater sin. Judas or Caiaphas?
Man can do good and evil. We all are born with a fallen nature. Our children help us to understand this is true. Our adversary is the devil and other fallen angels also have failed and one third have followed after him. (See Isaiah 14:12-15)
Interestingly, Judas allowed Satan to use him for evil.
Satan will be put to shame and crushed by Yeshua. Yippee!!!
Let scripture interpret itself. (Gen. 3:15) Hindsight is also 20/20.
No ordinary man could destroy Satan.
For the present time Yeshua tells Pilate His kingdom is not of the world. (John 18:36)
John 19:12 And from then on Pilate sought to release Him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If you let this man go, you are not Caesar's friend: whosoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.
The crowd really pushed Pilate to carry out the crucifixion. Playing on his loyalty to Rome. Not that they were big fans of the Roman government.
John 19:13-14 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Yeshua (Jesus) forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of Pesach (the Passover), and about the sixth hour: and he said to the Jews, Behold your King!
Pilate once again tries to release Yeshua.
John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him. Pilate said to them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priest answered, We have no king but Caesar.
Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and to him shall the gathering of the people be.
John 19:16 Then he delivered Him to them to be crucified. And they took Yeshua (Jesus), and led Him away.
Yeshua, our Pesach lamb, was being lead away to be crucified about the same time of the day that the Pesach lambs would have been being slain that very day!
John 19:17 And He, bearing His (execution stake), went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
The execution stake was made up of two pieces:
John 19:18 Where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus (Yeshua) in the middle.
The one probably on Yeshua’s left was wicked, the one on Yeshua’s right who trusted was declared righteous. He said to this thief you will be with Me in Paradise. He could not do anything to earn his righteousness but believe. (trust) He could not even be immersed. Yet Yeshua said, “You will be with Me in Paradise.
Luke 23:43 And Yeshua (Jesus) said to him, truly I say to you, Today you will be with Me in paradise. His debt was paid in full.
John 19:19-20 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the horizontal bar. And the writing was, YESHUA (JESUS) OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS. Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.
Let scripture interpret itself:
Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide Him a portion with the great, and He shall divide the spoil with the strong; because He has poured out His soul unto death: and He was numbered with the transgressors; and He bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Golgotha means skull. There is a place outside the Damascus Gate of Jerusalem where the landscape has a rock formation, which looks like a skull. I believe this is the spot of the crucifixion. It was the very spot where criminals were put to death.
This is not the traditional site, popularized by the Greek Orthodox. Their location is inside the city walls.
John 19:21-22 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that He said, I AM King of the Jews. Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
They really didn’t want to be associated with Him in any way.
John 19:23-24 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Yeshua (Jesus), took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece. They said therefore among themselves, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be," that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: "They divided My garments among them, And for My clothing they cast lots." Therefore the soldiers did these things.
The High Priest also wore a seamless garment. Yeshua is our High Priest.
Ps 22:16-18 For dogs (Gentles) have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. I may tell all my bones: they look and stare upon me. They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture.
John 19:25 Now there stood by the execution stake (cross) of Yeshua (Jesus) His mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary of Magdalene.
She was only the vessel used by G-d to bring us the Messiah. She was only mother of His humanity. Not G-d’s mother. G-d has no mother.
John 19:26-27 When Jesus (Yeshua) therefore saw His mother, and the disciple standing by, whom He loved, He said to His mother, Woman, behold your son! Then said He to the disciple, Behold your mother! And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.
Yeshua’s stepfather, Joseph, must have died before this time. Yeshua being the oldest son would have been responsible for His mother. Even in the pain and agony of death, He settled His affairs. He put John in charge of His mother. It is interesting to note that He did not pass off this obligation to His next oldest half brother. Probably, because at this time they did not believe He was the Messiah. After the resurrection they did believe.
John 19:28-29 After this, (Yeshua) Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, said, I thirst. Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to His mouth. When Yeshua (Jesus) therefore had received the vinegar, He said, It is finished: and He bowed His head, and gave up His spirit.
The drink here is not to be confused with the “wine mixed with myrrh” offered to Yeshua on His way to the cross. (Matt 27:34) intended to help deaden pain. It was a cheap, sour wine used by soldiers.
Ps 69:20-21 Reproach has broken my heart (leb, emotion and will); and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Ps 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaved to my jaws; and you have brought Me into the dust of death.
John 19:30 So when Yeshua (Jesus) had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
He voluntarily gave up His spirit. (cf: Dan 9:26, Zech. 11:10,11)
It is finished! Tetelestai - the debt is paid. The blood of Yeshua was sufficient to stop the wrath of the Father and take away our sin.
Many bodies were seen by many witnesses coming out of their graves. Matt. 27:52 cf Isaiah 61:1
Matt 27:52-53 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared to many.
Ps 86:11-16 Teach me your way, O L-RD; I will walk in your truth: unite my heart to fear your name. I will praise you, O L-rd my G-d, with all my heart: and I will glorify your name for evermore. For great is your mercy toward me: and you have delivered my soul from the lowest hell (Sheol). O G-d, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set you before them. But you, O L-rd, art a G-d full of compassion, and gracious, LONGSUFFERING, and plenteous in mercy and truth. O turn to me, and have mercy upon me; give your strength to your servant, and save the son of your handmaid. (cf. Luke 1:38)
John 19:31The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the execution stake (cross) on the Sabbath day, (for that Sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Note: It is possible to have more than one Sabbath day in a week. This was not the weekly Sabbath, but Pesach, feast days were also considered Sabbath days.
John 19:32-34 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with Him. But when they came to Yeshua (Jesus), and saw that He was dead already, they broke not His legs: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced His side, and at once there came out blood and water.
Ps 34:20 He keeps all His bones: not one of them is broken.
Ps 22:16 For dogs have compassed Me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed Me: they pierced My hands and My feet.