John Chapter 20

The 20th letter is Resh - wickedness; the wicked. It also can mean going back to the beginning point after you have pruned something. This certainly applies to Yeshua our first fruit. He brings us back to the beginning where there is no suffering, pain, or sorrow. If we suffer now we are like Him and know it is for our benefit and growth. We can learn more through suffering and I have learned more about G-d and feel closer to Him during these times than any other.

John 20:1 On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.

Yeshua rose from the dead on Sunday. This may have been any time after sundown Saturday night. Keep in mind that a Biblical day goes from sundown to sundown and not from midnight to midnight.

Mary Magdalene - Note Madalene is not her last name. Miryam from Magdala. Magdala was a town on the Sea of Galilee.

John 20:2-4 Then she ran, and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Yeshua (Jesus) loved, and said to them, They have taken away the L-rd out of the tomb, and we know not where they have laid Him. Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the tomb. So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the tomb.

John, the author of this book, repeatedly refers to himself as “the other disciple, whom Yeshua (Jesus) loved”

John 20:5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in.

Here is what the inside of the tomb looks like. This is the area carved out of the rock where the body would lay.

John 20:6-7 Simon Peter therefore also came, following him, and entered the tomb; and he beheld the linen wrappings lying there, and the face-cloth, which had been on His head, not lying with the linen wrappings, but rolled up in a place by itself.

Remember the linen strips that Yeshua would have been wrapped in were covered with spices and the sticky resin would help the cloth to adhere. I am picturing in my mind empty undisturbed mummy bandages or an empty body cast. I don’t know if that is what it looked like or not but it was obvious that He passed through the bandages and did not stand up and unwrap Himself. He must have sat up and took the veil from His face and laid it neatly off to the side.

John 20:8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the tomb, and he saw, and believed.

It was obvious from the evidence before them: the way the bandages were laying, that Yeshua had resurrected from the dead. I think this is why the lined wrappings were laid in such a way that it would have been impossible for Him to get out of them and leave them in tact. But with a glorified body He would have passed through them.

John 20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that He must rise again from the dead.

Ps 16:10 For you will not leave My soul in sheol; neither will You suffer Your Holy One to see corruption.

John 20:10 Then the disciples went away again to their own home.

Mary of Magdalene is now alone in the garden. She may have not gotten back to the tomb while the Peter and John were still there.

John 20:11 But Mary stood without at the tomb weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the tomb,

You have to stoop down to enter the doorway of the tomb and see inside. She did not look in earlier but ran off as soon as she saw the stone rolled away.

John 20:12 And saw two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Yeshua (Jesus) had lain.

The angels were not there for Peter and John.

John 20:13 And they say to her, Woman, why are you weeping? She said to them, because they have taken away my L-rd, and I know not where they have laid Him.

She still doesn’t realize that Yeshua has resurrected. Perhaps in the dark she is not able to see clearly into the tomb and study the condition of the linen wrappings. The men entered the tomb; she did not. Even today women do not go to the graveside to bury a loved one, the men do. This may have been why she kept her distance.

She doesn’t appear to be startled by the presence of the angels, or realize that they are angels. Often angels appear looking like humans, this appears to be the case here.

John 20:14 And when she had said this, she turned herself back, and saw Yeshua (Jesus) standing, and knew not that it was Yeshua (Jesus).

Why didn’t she recognize Him? Perhaps 1) it was dark. 2) In her grief she may not have been looking carefully at Him. 3) His appearance had changed since she saw Him last.

John 20:15-16 Yeshua (Jesus) said to her, Woman, why are you weeping? Who do you seek? She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, Sir, if you have carried Him away, tell me where you have laid Him, and I will take Him away. Yeshua (Jesus) said to her, Mary. She turned herself, and said to him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.

Mary finally recognized Yeshua when He called her by name.

John 10:27-28 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give to them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

John 20:17 (Yeshua) Jesus said to her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brothers, and say to them, I ascend to my Father, and your Father; and to my G-d, and your G-d.

We touched on this earlier. He did not want to be touched. He went to present Himself to the Father as our High Priest. Yeshua says to tell my brothers this.

This is the first time that Yeshua referred to His talmudim (disciples) as brothers. After He atoned for our sins we now have a different relationship with Him. We have been adopted in to the family of G-d and Yeshua calls us brothers.