Y'hoshua (Joshua) Chapter 12

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Lamed –teaching and purpose. Also symbolizes supreme ruler or King of kings.

Y’hoshua 12:1-6 Now these are the kings of the land whom the sons of Israel defeated, and whose land they possessed beyond the Yarden (Jordan) toward the sunrise, from the valley of the Arnon as far as Mount Hermon, and all the Aravah (Arabah) to the east: Sichon (Sihon) king of the Emori (Amorites), who lived in Heshbon, and ruled from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, both the middle of the valley and half of Gil’ad (Gilead), even as far as the brook Yabok (Jabbok), the border of the sons of Ammon; and the Arabah as far as the Sea of Kinneret (Chinneroth) toward the east, and as far as the sea of the Arabah, even the Salt Sea, eastward toward Beit-Teshimot (Beth-jeshimoth), and on the south, at the foot of the slopes of Pisgah; and the territory of Og king of Bashan, one of the remnant of Rafa’im (Rephaim), who lived at Ashtarot (Ashtaroth) and at Edrei, and ruled over Mount Hermon and Salkhah (Salecah) and all Bashan, as far as the border of the G’shuri (Geshurites) and the Ma’akhati (Maacathites), and half of Gilead, as far as the border of Sichon (Sihon) king of Heshbon. Moses the servant of the L-RD and the sons of Israel defeated them; and Moses the servant of the L-RD gave it to the Re’uveni (Reubenites) and the Gadi (Gadites), and the half-tribe of M’nasheh (Manasseh) as a possession.

Arnon and Hermon – Arnon is in the south and Hermon is in the north so this is describing the southern and northern boarders.

Y’hoshua triumphed over the kings of the countries that now belong to Israel.

Y’hoshua 12:7-8 Now these are the kings of the land whom Y’hoshua and the sons of Israel defeated beyond the Yarden (Jordan) toward the west, from Ba’al-Gad in the valley of L’vanon (Lebanon) even as far as Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir; and Y’hoshua gave it to the tribes of Israel as a possession according to their divisions, in the hill country, in the lowland, in the Aravah (Arabah), on the slopes, and in the wilderness, and in the Negev; the Hitti (Hittite), the Emori (Amorite) and the Kena’ani (Canaanite), the P’rizi (Perizzite), the Hivi (Hivite) and the Y’vusi (Jebusite): the king of

This is a summary of the kingdoms that were defeated.

Y’hoshua 12:9 Yericho (Jericho), one; the king of Ai, which is beside Beit-El (Bethel), one;

These are kings in the central area.

Y’hoshua 12:10-16 the king of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), one; the king of Hevron (Hebron), one; the king of Yarmut (Jarmuth), one; the king of Lakhish (Lachish), one; the king of Eglon, one; the king of Gezer, one; the king of D’vir (Debir), one; the king of Geder, one; the king of Hormah, one; the king of Arad, one; the king of Livnah (Libnah), one; the king of Adulam (Adullam), one; the king of Makkedah, one; the king of Beit-El (Bethel), one;

These are kings in the southern area of the country.

Y’hoshua 12:17-24 the king of Tapuach (Tappuah), one; the king of Hefer (Hepher), one; the king of Afek (Aphek), one; the king of Sharon (Lasharon), one; the king of Madon, one; the king of Hatzor, one; the king of Shimron-M’ron (Shimron-meron), one; the king of Akhshaf (Achshaph), one; the king of Ta’anakh (Taanach), one; the king of Megiddo, one; the king of Kedesh, one; the king of Yokne’am (Jokneam) in Karmel (Carmel), one; the king of Dor in the heights of Dor, one; the king of Goyim (Goiim) in Gilgal, one; the king of Tirtzah, one: in all, thirty-one kings.

These are the defeated kings of the north.

Yeshua like Y’hoshua will conquer the kings described in Daniel. There will be ten kings plus one who will arise and take out three kingdoms. The eleventh will be the Anti-Messiah.

Daniel 7:24-25 'As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom ten kings will arise; and another will arise after them, and he will be different from the previous ones and will subdue three kings. 'And he will speak out against the Most High and wear down the saints of the Highest One, and he will intend to make alterations in times and in law; and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time.