Y'hoshua (Joshua) Chapter 15

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Samech- support, protection, and memory

Y’hoshua 15:1-12 Now the lot for the tribe of the sons of Y’hudah according to their families reached the border of Edom, southward to the wilderness of Tzin at the extreme south. And their south border was from the lower end of the Salt Sea, from the bay that turns to the south. Then it proceeded southward to the ascent of the Scorpion (Akrabbim) and continued to Tzin, then went up by the south of Kadesh-barnea and continued to Hetzron, and went up to Adar and turned about to Karka. And it continued to Atzmon and proceeded to the Vadi (brook) of Egypt; and the border ended at the sea. This shall be your south border. And the east border was the Salt Sea, as far as the mouth of the Yarden (Jordan). And the border of the north side was from the bay of the sea at the mouth of the Yarden (Jordan). Then the border went up to Beth-Hoglah, and continued on the north of Beth-Aravah, and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuven. And the border went up to D’vir (Debir) from the valley of Akhor (Achor), and turned northward toward Gilgal which is opposite the Ma’alei-Adumim (ascent of Adummim), which is on the south of the valley; and the border continued to the waters of Ein-Shemesh, and it ended at Ein-Rogel. Then the border went up the valley of Ben-Hinnom to the slope of the Y’vusi (Jebusite) on the south (that is, Yerushalayim (Jerusalem)); and the border went up to the top of the mountain which is before the valley of Hinnom to the west, which is at the end of the valley of Refa’im (Rephaim) toward the north. And from the top of the mountain the border curved to the spring of the waters of Neftoach (Nephtoah) and proceeded to the cities of Mount E’fon (Ephron), then the border curved to Ba’al (Baalah) (that is, Kiryat (Kiriath)-Ye’arim (jearim)). And the border turned about from Baalah westward to Mount Seir, and continued to the slope of Mount Ye’arim (Jearim) on the north (that is, K’salon (Chesalon)), and went down to Beit-shemesh and continued through Timnah. And the border proceeded to the side of Ekron northward. Then the border curved to Shikron (Shikkeron) and continued to Mount Ba’alah and proceeded to Yavne’el (Jabneel), and the border ended at the sea. And the west border was at the Great Sea, even its coastline. This is the border around the sons of Y’hudah according to their families.

This may seem a bit boring to read through. What we have here is a physical description of territory given to the tribe of Y’hudah. If you own a piece of property dig out your deed and take a look at it. There will be a physical description of what you bought and own, it was probably prepared by the surveyor. This is the very same thing. The physical description in your deed will be a bit dry too but I assure you it is a very necessary part of the document. Should there be a dispute about a boarder, the deed is what is referred to. It is recorded in the local government office. Here we have the written record of what the tribe of Y’hudah was given by G-d. Those today who think they have a claim to the land of Israel would not have a chance in the court of Ha Shem. It is all recorded right here for all to see.

Y’hoshua 15:13-19 Now he gave to Kalev (Caleb) the son of Y’funeh (Jephunneh) a portion among the sons of Y’hudah, according to the command of the L-RD to Y’hoshua, namely, Kiryat (Kiriath)-arba, Arba being the father of Anak (that is, Hebron). And Caleb drove out from there the three sons of Anak: Sheshai and Ahiman and Talmai, the children of Anak. Then he went up from there against the inhabitants of D’vir; now the name of D’vir formerly was Kiryat-Sefer (Kiriath-sepher). And Kalev (Caleb) said, "The one who attacks Kiryat-Sefer (Kiriath-sepher) and captures it, I will give him Adar (Achsah) my daughter as a wife." And Othniel the son of K’naz (Kenaz), the brother of Kalev (Caleb), captured it; so he gave him Adar (Achsah) his daughter as a wife. And it came about that when she came to him, she persuaded him to ask her father for a field. So she alighted from the donkey, and Kalev (Caleb) said to her, "What do you want?" Then she said, "Give me a blessing; since you have given me the land of the Negev, give me also springs of water." So he gave her the upper springs and the lower springs.

Othniel became a judge in Israel. We will learn more about him when we study Shof’tim (Judges).

Y’hoshua 15:20-32 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Y’hudah according to their families. Now the cities at the extremity of the tribe of the sons of Y’hudah toward the border of Edom in the south were Kavtze’el (Kabzeel) and Eder and Yagur (Jagur), and Kinah and Dimonah and Ad’adah, and Kedesh and Hatzor and Yitnan (Ithnan), Zif (Ziph) and Telem and Bealot, and Hatzar-Hadatah and K’riot (Kerioth)-Hetzron (that is, Hazor), Amam and Shema and Moladah, and Hatzar-Gadah (gaddah) and Heshmon and Beit-Pelet, and Hatzar-Shu’al and Be’er-Sheva and Bizyot-Yah (Biziothiah), Ba’alah and Iyim (Iim) and Etzem, and El-Tolad and K’sil (Chesil) and Hormah, and Ziklag and Madmannah and Sansanah, and L’va’ot (Lebaoth) and Shilchim and Ayin and Rimmon; in all, twenty-nine cities with their villages.

These are the southern cities in Y’hudah’s territory.

Y’hoshua 15:33-47 In the Sh’felah (lowland): Eshta’ol and Tzor’ah and Ashnah, and Zanoah and Ein-Ganim, Tapuach and Enam, Yarmut (Jarmuth) and Adulam (Adullam), Sokhoh (Socoh) and Azekah, and Sh’arim (Shaaraim) and Aditayim (Adithaim) and G’derah (Gederah) and G’derotayim (Gederothaim); fourteen cities with their villages. Tz’nan (Zenan) and Hadashah and Migdal-Gad, and Dil’an and Mizpeh and Yokte’el (Joktheel), Lakhish (Lachish) and Bozkat and Eglon, and Kabon (Cabbon) and Lachmas and Kitlish (Chitlish), and G’derot (Gederoth), Beit-Dagon and Na’amah and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages. Livnah and Eter and Ashan, and Yiftach (Iphtah) and Ashnah and N’tziv (Nezib), and Ke’ilah (Keilah) and Akhziv (Achzib) and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages. Ekron, with its towns and its villages; from Ekron even to the sea, all that were by the side of Ashdod, with their villages. Ashdod, its towns and its villages; ‘Azah (Gaza), its towns and its villages; as far as the Vadi (brook) of Egypt and the Great Sea, even its coastline.

This is the list of the cities in the lowlands near the coast.

Y’hoshua 15:48-58 And in the hill country: Shamir and Yatir (Jattir) and Sokhoh (Socoh), and Danah and Kiryat-Sanna (Kiriath-sannah) (that is, D’vir (Debir)), and Anav and Esht’moh (Eshtemoh) and Anim, and Goshen and Holon and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages. Arav and Dumah and Esh’an, and Yanum (Janum) and Beit-Tapuach and Afekah (Aphekah), and Humtah and Kiryat-Arba (Kiriath-arba) (that is, Hevron), and Tzi’or (Zior); nine cities with their villages. Ma’on, Karmel and Zif (Ziph) and Yutah (Juttah), and Yizre’el (Jezreel) and Yokde’am (Jokdeam) and Zanoah, Kayin (Kain), Giv’ah (Gibeah) and Timnah; ten cities with their villages. Halchul, Beit-Tzur and G’dor, and Ma’arath and Beit-Anot and Elt’kon; six cities with their villages. Kiriath-baal (that is, Kiriath-jearim), and Rabbah; two cities with their villages.

These are the cities in the hill country of Y’hudah.

Y’hoshua 15:61-62 In the wilderness: Beit-Aravah, Middin and S’khakah (Secacah), and Nivshan (Nibshan) and the City of Salt and Ein-Gedi; six cities with their villages.

This is the area of the wilderness going toward the Dead Sea.

Y’hoshua 15:63 Now as for the Y’vusi (Jebusites), the inhabitants of Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), the sons of Y’hudah could not drive them out; so the Y’vusi (Jebusites) live with the sons of Y’hudah at Yerushalayim (Jerusalem) until this day.

G-d remembered what He promised and provided what He promised. Yeshua promises to build us a house above. It too will be a place where Jews and Gentiles will live together as brothers in peace and support from the Almighty One-The One true G-d. If you see the Son you see the Father for they are One.

John 14:3-7 "And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also. "And you know the way where I am going." Thomas said to Him, "Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?" Yeshua said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me. "If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; from now on you know Him, and have seen Him."