The corresponding letter to this chapter is Aleph – head, as in Creator, King; the head of a bull appointed to sacrifice, etc. You may also want to keep in mind that this is the sixth book of the Tanakh and corresponds to the Hebrew letter “Vav”. Vav stands for hook; redemption, transformation. It stands for man created on the sixth day. This further comes to light if you view this book not in terms of the physical but how it also points to or hooks us to the higher spiritual realm of redemption and transformation.
Y’hoshua 1:1-2 Now it came about after the death of Moses the servant of the L-RD that the L-RD spoke to Y’hoshua the son of Nun, Moses' servant, saying, "Moshe My servant is dead; now therefore arise, cross this Jordan, you and all this people, to the land which I am giving to them, to the sons of Israel.
Moshe died before he would reach the Promised Land. There were those who were living in the flesh and followed the flesh, which leads to death and died in the wilderness.
They are also another type of Messiah, in that they were cut-off, before they reached the Promised Land. The land was promised to Israel alone through the Avrahamic covenant. Moshe was a type of Messiah. He died before reaching and therefore ruling in the Promised Land. . The true Messiah Yeshua would be cut off before He would rule in the Promised Land. Y’hoshua and the next generation would leave the death of the wilderness and follow the Spirit and go on to new life in the Promised Land. A remnant also followed the Sprit and looked ahead to the day that the promised Messiah would die for them and trusted in this fact. They like us will rise again from death into new life.
Also according to Torah a person was promised to come after Moshe who would be like Moshe. Israel was supposed to have listened to Him as a nation. He has the name Jesus to the Gentiles that corresponds to Y’hoshua. The meaning of the name is very important in that it means, “Jehovah saves” or “the L-rd is salvation”. Why? Y’hoshua (or Yeshua) comes to bring them salvation by conquering their enemies so they can enter into the Promised Land above. Our enemy is the prince of darkness, sin, and death. Because Yeshua conquered these things so can we if we believe in His name. He also shows up in chapter five as the commander of the army of the L-rd. We know from chapter five that this is the L-rd because Y’hoshua actually is told to take off his shoes because he is on holy ground.
Y’hoshua 1:3-4 Every place on which the sole of your foot treads, I have given it to you, just as I spoke to Moses. From the wilderness and this Lebanon, even as far as the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and as far as the Great Sea toward the setting of the sun, will be your territory.
Y’hoshua is appointed the head of the people. Israel conquers the land and possesses it through the L-rd’s help. They do not take possession of all the land that they were given though and it causes certain consequences later on in the scroll of Shof’tim (Judges). Interestingly today Israel does not possess all of the land and continues to give away portions that they do possess. It will also continue to cause problems for them.
Y’hoshua 1:5 No man will be able to stand before you all the days of your life. Just as I have been with Moses, I will be with you; I will not fail you or forsake you.
The Ruach HaKodesh came upon Y’hoshua.
B’midbar (Numbers) 27:18-20 So the L-RD said to Moses, "Take Y’hoshua, the son of Nun, a man in whom is the Spirit, and lay your hand on him; and have him stand before Eleazar the priest and before all the congregation; and commission him in their sight. "And you shall put some of your authority on him, in order that all the congregation of the sons of Israel may obey him. Moreover, he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the judgment of the Urim before the L-RD.
Yeshua also promises this to us in B’rit Hadashah. The B’rit Hadashah contains the words of the Messiah, which Moshe said we are to listen to if we are obedient.
D’varim (Deuteronomy) 18:18 'I will raise up a prophet from among their countrymen like you, and I will put My words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him.
We have those who were conquers, who lived by the Spirit and followed Y’hoshua, over those who were in the flesh. On a higher level we also have those who are conquers over those who are in the flesh, that is those that have reject following Yeshua HaMashiach and therefore who will remain in darkness forever.
Hebrews 13:5-6 for He Himself has said, "I will never desert you, nor will I ever forsake you," so that we confidently say, "The L-rd is my helper, I will not be afraid. What shall man do to me?"
The verses below have always been a comfort to me. It does not matter where we go the L-rd is always with us and dwelling inside us and will not leave us nor forsake us.
Y’hoshua 1:6-7a Be strong and courageous, for you shall give this people possession of the land which I swore to their fathers to give them. Only be strong and very courageous;
Sometimes it may not look like you will be victorious but we are to be strong and courageous anyway because the L-rd is on our side. This is called trusting obedience. He wants us to trust in Him and His Word. Sometimes it can be hard especially if we live in the flesh and not the Spirit. Living in the spirit is what He requires and wants from His own.
Romans 8:3-9 For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, G-d, sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: that the ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. For they that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace: because the mind of the flesh is enmity against G-d; for it is not subject to the law of G-d, neither indeed can it be: and they that are in the flesh cannot please G-d. But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of G-d dwells in you. But if any man has not the Spirit of Messiah, he is none of his.
If we know who He is and how awesome He is we should have no problem right? Are your problems bigger than the maker of all things? We may not be able to conquer all but can He!
Y’hoshua 1:7b-8 be careful to do according to all the law which Moses My servant commanded you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, so that you may have success wherever you go. This book of the law shall not depart from your mouth, but you shall meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do according to all that is written in it; for then you will make your way prosperous, and then you will have success.
G-d can’t always bless you as fully as he wants to unless you are blessable.
Y’hoshua 1:9 Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous! Do not tremble or be dismayed, for the L-RD your G-d is with you wherever you go."
Whatever our storms in life, He is our anchor. Y’hoshua and Avraham understood the concept. If they trusted in the L-rd that it would be accounted to them as righteousness when it comes to our eternal standing with HaShem.
Y’hoshua 1:10-11 Then Y’hoshua commanded the officers of the people, saying, "Pass through the midst of the camp and command the people, saying, 'Prepare provisions for yourselves, for within three days you are to cross this Jordan, to go in to possess the land which the L-RD your G-d is giving you, to possess it.'"
We too need to prepare ourselves to enter the Promised Land above. We do this by trusting in Yeshua as our Mashiach.
Y’hoshua 1:12-17 And to the Reubenites and to the Gadites and to the half-tribe of Manasseh, Y’hoshua said, "Remember the word which Moses the servant of the L-RD commanded you, saying, 'The L-RD your G-d gives you rest, and will give you this land.' "Your wives, your little ones, and your cattle shall remain in the land which Moses gave you beyond the Jordan, but you shall cross before your brothers in battle array, all your valiant warriors, and shall help them, until the L-RD gives your brothers rest, as He gives you, and they also possess the land which the L-RD your G-d is giving them. Then you shall return to your own land, and possess that which Moses the servant of the L-RD gave you beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise. " And they answered Y’hoshua, saying, "All that you have commanded us we will do, and wherever you send us we will go. Just as we obeyed Moses in all things, so we will obey you; only may the L-RD your G-d be with you, as He was with Moses.
Some of the tribes were given land on the east side of the Jordan in what is now modern day Jordan.
Israel swore to keep the commandments. Israel is again a testimony to all nations that under the instruction (law) we all fail and have need for a savior and salvation through Yeshua. We cannot enter His rest unless we rest in what the Messiah has done for us to enter paradise above. AGAIN, it is He that did the work for us. All that is required is to believe and trust that He did it for us long ago. We look back to that time when Yeshua was cut off before He would rule again.
Y’hoshua 1:18 Anyone who rebels against your command and does not obey your words in all that you command him, shall be put to death; only be strong and courageous."
If we take this to a higher level when we look at the spiritual implications of the Avrahamic covenant or the good news, the wages of sin is death, but the gift of G-d is eternal life through Yeshua (Salvation) our L-rd! Again according to this unconditional covenant, like Avraham, we believe G-d and it is accounted to us as righteousness - His Righteousness is accounted to us. The action required on our part is to listen to the words He spoke and believe. Resting in what Yeshua did for us is the simple part. Entering this rest that takes us to the Promised Land above. This is what pleases the Father.
B’resheet (Genesis) 15:5-6 "Now look toward the heavens, and count the stars, if you are able to count them." And He said to him, "So shall your descendants be." Then he believed in the L-RD; and He reckoned it to him as righteousness.
Romans 4:1-14 What then shall we say that Avraham, our forefather according to the flesh, has found? For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about; but not before G-d. For what does the Scripture say? "And Avraham believed G-d, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness." Now to the one who works, his wage is not reckoned as a favor, but as what is due. But to the one who does not work, but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is reckoned as righteousness, just as David also speaks of the blessing upon the man to whom G-d reckons righteousness apart from works: "Blessed are those whose lawless deeds have been forgiven, And whose sins have been covered. "Blessed is the man whose sin the L-rd will not take into account." Is this blessing then upon the circumcised, or upon the uncircumcised also? For we say, "Faith was reckoned to Avraham as righteousness." How then was it reckoned? While he was circumcised, or uncircumcised? Not while circumcised, but while uncircumcised; and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised, that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised, that righteousness might be reckoned to them, and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision, but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Avraham which he had while uncircumcised. For the promise to Avraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law, but through the righteousness of faith.
We also see their names recorded in the hall of faith or those that trusted:
Hebrews chapter 11 Now faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. For by it the men of old gained approval. By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of G-d, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible. By faith Hevel offered to G-d a better sacrifice than Kayin, through which he obtained the testimony that he was righteous, G-d testifying about his gifts, and through faith, though he is dead, he still speaks. By faith Hanokh was taken up so that he should not see death; and he was not found because G-d took him up; for he obtained the witness that before his being taken up he was pleasing to G-d. And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to G-d must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who seek Him. By faith Noach, being warned by G-d about things not yet seen, in reverence prepared an ark for the salvation of his household, by which he condemned the world, and became an heir of the righteousness which is according to faith. By faith Avraham, when he was called, obeyed by going out to a place which he was to receive for an inheritance; and he went out, not knowing where he was going. By faith he lived as an alien in the land of promise, as in a foreign land, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Yakkov, fellow heirs of the same promise; for he was looking for the city which has foundations, whose architect and builder is G-d. By faith even Sarai herself received ability to conceive, even beyond the proper time of life, since she considered Him faithful who had promised; therefore, also, there was born of one man, and him as good as dead at that, as many descendants as the stars of heaven in number, and innumerable as the sand which is by the seashore. All these died in faith, without receiving the promises, but having seen them and having welcomed them from a distance, and having confessed that they were strangers and exiles on the earth. For those who say such things make it clear that they are seeking a country of their own. And indeed if they had been thinking of that country from which they went out, they would have had opportunity to return. But as it is, they desire a better country, that is a heavenly one. Therefore G-d is not ashamed to be called their G-d; for He has prepared a city for them. By faith Avraham, when he was tested, offered up Yitz’chak; and he who had received the promises was offering up his only begotten son; it was he to whom it was said, "In Isaac your descendants shall be called." He considered that G-d is able to raise men even from the dead; from which he also received him back as a type. By faith Isaac blessed Yakkov and Esau, even regarding things to come. By faith Yakkov, as he was dying, blessed each of the sons of Yosef, and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. By faith Yosef, when he was dying, made mention of the exodus of the sons of Israel, and gave orders concerning his bones. By faith Moshe, when he was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw he was a beautiful child; and they were not afraid of the king's edict. By faith Moshe, when he had grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh's daughter; choosing rather to endure ill-treatment with the people of G-d, than to enjoy the passing pleasures of sin; considering the reproach of Messiah greater riches than the treasures of Egypt; for he was looking to the reward. By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king; for he endured, as seeing Him who is unseen. By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of the blood, so that he who destroyed the first-born might not touch them. By faith they passed through the Red Sea as though they were passing through dry land; and the Egyptians, when they attempted it, were drowned. By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they had been encircled for seven days. By faith Rachav the harlot did not perish along with those who were disobedient, after she had welcomed the spies in peace. And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gid’on, Barak, Shimshon, Yiftach, of David and Sh’mu’el and the prophets, who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions, quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight. Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their release, in order that they might obtain a better resurrection; and others experienced mockings and scourgings, yes, also chains and imprisonment. They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated (men of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground. And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive all that was promised, because G-d had provided something better for us, so that we could share those rewards prepared for us.