Shof'tim (Judges) Chapter 11

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Kaf- crowning accomplishment

Shof’tim 11:1-3 Now Yiftach (Jephthah) the Gil’adite was a valiant warrior, but he was the son of a harlot. And Gil’ad was the father of Yiftach. And Gil’ad's wife bore him sons; and when his wife's sons grew up, they drove Yiftach out and said to him, "You shall not have an inheritance in our father's house, for you are the son of another woman." So Yiftach fled from his brothers and lived in the land of Tov; and worthless fellows gathered themselves about Yiftach, and they went out with him.

Yiftach was another type of Yeshua HaMashiach. Because his mother was not the same mother as the other siblings he was not accepted. In the case of Yeshua, it was the father who was different than the rest of the family. Some rejected Him because they did not know who His father was. There was talk because Miriam was pregnant with Yeshua before she married Yosef. Yeshua, although rejected, will one day be victorious in battle and become the head just like Yiftach.

Shof’tim 11:4-11 And it came about after a while that the sons of ‘Amon fought against Israel. And it happened when the sons of ‘Amon fought against Israel that the elders of Gil’ad went to get Yiftach from the land of Tov; and they said to Yiftach, "Come and be our chief that we may fight against the sons of ‘Amon." Then Yiftach said to the elders of Gil’ad, "Did you not hate me and drive me from my father's house? So why have you come to me now when you are in trouble?" And the elders of Gil’ad said to Yiftach, "For this reason we have now returned to you, that you may go with us and fight with the sons of ‘Amon and become head over all the inhabitants of Gil’ad." So Yiftach said to the elders of Gil’ad, "If you take me back to fight against the sons of ‘Amon and the L-RD gives them up to me, will I become your head?" And the elders of Gil’ad said to Yiftach, "The L-RD is witness between us; surely we will do as you have said." Then Yiftach went with the elders of Gil’ad, and the people made him head and chief over them; and Yiftach spoke all his words before the L-RD at Mitzpah.

Now, when they need his help the leaders of Gil’ad come to Yiftach and ask for his help. Before he agrees to help he expects to be given a place of honor and not just to be treated like a hired gun.

Shof’tim 11:12-28 Now Yiftach sent messengers to the king of the sons of ‘Amon, saying, "What is between you and me, that you have come to me to fight against my land?" And the king of the sons of ‘Amon said to the messengers of Yiftach, "Because Israel took away my land when they came up from Egypt, from the Arnon as far as the Yabok and the Yarden; therefore, return them peaceably now." But Yiftach sent messengers again to the king of the sons of ‘Amon, and they said to him, "Thus says Yiftach, 'Israel did not take away the land of Mo’av, nor the land of the sons of ‘Amon . 'For when they came up from Egypt, and Israel went through the wilderness to the Red Sea and came to Kadesh, then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, "Please let us pass through your land," but the king of Edom would not listen. And they also sent to the king of Mo’av, but he would not consent. So Israel remained at Kadesh. 'Then they went through the wilderness and around the land of Edom and the land of Mo’av, and came to the east side of the land of Mo’av, and they camped beyond the Arnon; but they did not enter the territory of Mo’av, for the Arnon was the border of Mo’av. 'And Israel sent messengers to Sichon king of the Emori, the king of Heshbon, and Israel said to him, "Please let us pass through your land to our place." 'But Sichon did not trust Israel to pass through his territory; so Sichon gathered all his people and camped in Jahaz, and fought with Israel. 'And the L-RD, the G-d of Israel, gave Sichon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they defeated them; so Israel possessed all the land of the Emori, the inhabitants of that country. 'So they possessed all the territory of the Emori, from the Arnon as far as the Yabok, and from the wilderness as far as the Yarden. 'Since now the L-RD, the G-d of Israel, drove out the Emori from before His people Israel, are you then to possess it? 'Do you not possess what K’mosh your god gives you to possess? So whatever the L-RD our G-d has driven out before us, we will possess it. 'And now are you any better than Balak the son of Tzippor, king of Mo’av? Did he ever strive with Israel, or did he ever fight against them? 'While Israel lived in Heshbon and its villages, and in Aro’er and its villages, and in all the cities that are on the banks of the Arnon, three hundred years, why did you not recover them within that time? 'I therefore have not sinned against you, but you are doing me wrong by making war against me; may the L-RD, the Judge, judge today between the sons of Israel and the sons of ‘Amon.' " But the king of the sons of ‘Amon disregarded the message which Yiftach sent him.

The king of A’mon falsely accused Israel of taking control of land 300 years earlier that did not belong to them. It was not true then and it is not true today. Israel has been given land by G-d and someday they will control all of the land that He has set aside for them.

Shof’tim 11:29-33 Now the Spirit of the L-RD came upon Yiftach, so that he passed through Gil’ad and M’nasheh; then he passed through Mitzpah of Gil’ad, and from Mitzpah of Gil’ad he went on to the sons of ‘Amon . And Yiftach made a vow to the L-RD and said, "If You will indeed give the sons of ‘Amon into my hand, then it shall be that whatever comes out of the doors of my house to meet me when I return in peace from the sons of ‘Amon, it shall be the L-rd's, and I will offer it up as a burnt offering. " So Yiftach crossed over to the sons of ‘Amon to fight against them; and the L-RD gave them into his hand. And he struck them with a very great slaughter from Aroer to the entrance of Minnit, twenty cities, and as far as Avel-K’ramim. So the sons of ‘Amon were subdued before the sons of Israel.

Notice here that the Spirit of the L-rd came on Yiftach. This is important because of the vow that Yiftach made that whatever comes out of the door of his house to meet him will be offered as a burnt offering. It tells us that the Spirit wanted something to be done that may have been forbidden for man to do.

Shof’tim 11:34-40 When Yiftach came to his house at Mitzpah, look, his daughter was coming out to meet him with tambourines and with dancing. Now she was his one and only child; besides her he had neither son nor daughter. And it came about when he saw her, that he tore his clothes and said, "Oh, no, my daughter! You have brought me very low, and you are among those who trouble me; for I have given my word to the L-RD, and I cannot take it back." So she said to him, "My father, you have given your word to the L-RD; do to me as you have said, since the L-RD has avenged you of your enemies, the sons of ‘Amon." And she said to her father, "Let this thing be done for me; let me alone two months, that I may go to the mountains and weep because of my virginity, I and my companions." Then he said, "Go." So he sent her away for two months; and she left with her companions, and wept on the mountains because of her virginity. And it came about at the end of two months that she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel, that the daughters of Israel went yearly to commemorate the daughter of Yiftach the Gil’adite four days in the year.

Yiftach made a vow to the L-rd while in the Spirit to do something that was forbidden. His daughter would be offered up as a sacrifice. In order for her people would not see death in battle her blood was shed. The L-rd used her to bring physical salvation to her people. Why? She would be a “type” of Miriam. She would go into the hills to mourn because she was a virgin and she would be missing out on a future as a wife and mother. The women of Israel would also mourn every year for her.

In contrast however, Miriam would go into the hills and rejoice with relatives because she was looked on with favor from the L-rd. As a virgin she would be used by the L-rd as a vessel to bring the world the Messiah who would bring eternal salvation to those that believe. The L-rd sent Him as an offering for our sin which some think is forbidden. The spirit says G-d would be our savior and not an offering of man by man, which is forbidden by Torah, but an offering Yeshua did willingly like the daughter of Yiftach.

She was willing to do what her father asked even though it would mean her death. She understood that the L-rd was sovereign over her life. What obedience to her father she showed. What obedience Yeshua showed to the Father above. Thank you HaShem for Yiftach ’s daughter and her example and how her example foreshadows your crowning accomplishment of the virgin birth and the willing offering by your son. Praise be to G-d. One day we will see her again.

Luke 1:39-58 Now at this time Miriam arose and went with haste to the hill country, to a city of Judah, and entered the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth. And it came about that when Elizabeth heard Miriam 's greeting, the baby leaped in her womb; and Elizabeth was filled with Rauch HaKodesh. And she cried out with a loud voice, and said, "Blessed among women are you, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! "And how has it happened to me, that the mother of my L-rd should come to me? "For look, when the sound of your greeting reached my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy. "And blessed is she who believed that there would be a fulfillment of what had been spoken to her by the L-rd."

And Miriam said: "My soul exalts the L-rd, and my spirit has rejoiced in G-d my Savior. "For He has had regard for the humble state of His bondslave; for look, from this time on all generations will count me blessed. "For the Mighty One has done great things for me; and holy is His name. "And His mercy is upon generation after generation toward those who fear Him. "He has done mighty deeds with His arm; He has scattered those who were proud in the thoughts of their heart. "He has brought down rulers from their thrones, and has exalted those who were humble. "He has filled the hungry with good things; and sent away the rich empty-handed. "He has given help to Israel His servant, in remembrance of His mercy, As He spoke to our fathers, To Avraham and his offspring forever. " And Miriam stayed with her about three months, and then returned to her home.