Shof’tim 3:1-11 Now these are the nations which the L-RD left, to test Israel by them (that is, all who had not experienced any of the wars of Kena’an (Canaan); only in order that the generations of the sons of Israel might be taught war, those who had not experienced it formerly). These nations are: the five lords of the Philistines and all the Kena’ani (Canaanites) and the Tzidoni (Sidonians) and the Hivi (Hivites) who lived in Mount L’vanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as Lebo-hamat. And they were for testing Israel, to find out if they would obey the commandments of the L-RD, which He had commanded their fathers through Moshe. And the sons of Israel lived among the Kena’ani (Canaanites), the Hitti (Hittites), the Emori (Amorites), the P’rizi (Perizzites), the Hivi (Hivites), and the Y’vusi (Jebusites); and they took their daughters for themselves as wives, and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods. And the sons of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the L-RD, and forgot the L-RD their G-d, and served the Baals and the Asheroth. Then the anger of the L-RD was kindled against Israel, so that He sold them into the hands of Kushan-Rish’atayim king of Aram-Naharayim (Mesopotamia); and the sons of Israel served Kushan-Rish’atayim eight years. And when the sons of Israel cried to the L-RD, the L-RD raised up a deliverer for the sons of Israel to deliver them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Kalev's younger brother. And the Spirit of the L-RD came upon him, and he judged Israel. When he went out to war, the L-RD gave Kushan-Rish’atayim king of Aram-Naharayim (Mesopotamia) into his hand, so that he prevailed over Kushan-Rishatayim. Then the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
The corresponding letter to this chapter is Gimel – loving-kindness; culmination, as in planting a seed and caring for it until it matures.
Othniel was Israel’s first judge. Because of their sin, G-d turned them over to their enemies. They were oppressed for eight years because of their sin. When they cried out to the L-rd, He heard them. G-d in his loving kindness for Israel sent a deliverer after they remembered Him and went to Him. The land rested from war for forty years. Many today have forgotten G-d and enemies still trouble Israel. When they as a nation again call out to Him then He will send a deliverer. The true deliverer to finally come will be Yeshua HaMashiach and He will deliver Israel from the nations and the land will rest for 1,000 years.
Shof’tim 3:12-14 Now the sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the L-RD. So the L-RD strengthened Eglon the king of Moav against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the L-RD. 13 And he gathered to himself the sons of Ammon and Amalek; and he went and defeated Israel, and they possessed the city of the palm trees. And the sons of Israel served Eglon the king of Moav eighteen years.
Again Israel rebels against G-d and again they suffer the consequences. They are servants to the king of Moav for 18 years.
Shof’tim 3:15-16 But when the sons of Israel cried to the L-RD, the L-RD raised up a deliverer for them, Ehud the son of Gera, from the tribe of Binyamin, a left-handed man. And the sons of Israel sent tribute by him to Eglon the king of Moav. And Ehud made himself a sword which had two edges, a cubit in length; and he bound it on his right thigh under his cloak.
A left-handed man – His being left-handed led him to a victory.
A sword with two edges is used to conquer –this is also a foreshadowing of the Messiah who will also use a powerful sword with two edges.
Revelation 1:16 And in His right hand He held seven stars; and out of His mouth came a sharp two-edged sword; and His face was like the sun shining in its strength.
Revelation 19:13-15 He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of G-d. The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. Out of his mouth comes a SHARP SWORD with which to strike down the nations. "He will rule them with an iron scepter." He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of G-d Almighty.
Shof’tim 3:17-25 And he presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moav. Now Eglon was a very fat man. And it came about when he had finished presenting the tribute, that he sent away the people who had carried the tribute. But he himself turned back from the idols which were at Gilgal, and said, "I have a secret message for you, O king." And he said, "Keep silence." And all who attended him left him. And Ehud came to him while he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, "I have a message from G-d for you." And he arose from his seat. And Ehud stretched out his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh and thrust it into his belly. The handle also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not draw the sword out of his belly; and the refuse came out. Then Ehud went out into the vestibule and shut the doors of the roof chamber behind him, and locked them. When he had gone out, his servants came and looked, and look, the doors of the roof chamber were locked; and they said, "He is only relieving himself in the cool room." And they waited until they became anxious; but look, he did not open the doors of the roof chamber. Therefore they took the key and opened them, and look, their master had fallen to the floor dead.
Because Ehud was left-handed the guards of Eglon did not look for him to be wearing a sword on his right side and he was able to carry out his mission.
Shof’tim 3:26-30 Now Ehud escaped while they were delaying, and he passed by the idols and escaped to Seirah. And it came about when he had arrived, that he blew the trumpet in the hill country of Efrayim; and the sons of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he was in front of them. And he said to them, "Pursue them, for the L-RD has given your enemies the Moabites into your hands." So they went down after him and seized the fords of the Yarden (Jordan) opposite Moav, and did not allow anyone to cross. And they struck down at that time about ten thousand Moabites, all robust and valiant men; and no one escaped. So Moav was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land was undisturbed for eighty years.
Once again Israel had a rest for 80 years.
Shof’tim 3:31 And after him came Shamgar the son of Anat, who struck down six hundred P’lishtim (Philistines) with an ox goad; and he also saved Israel.
These are all a foreshadowing’s of our future Messiah Yeshua. They all are a type and point to the Messiah who would one day come to deliver Israel. His delivering of Israel as a nation from other nations would have to wait until many Millenniums later. Then there would be a whole Millennium time of rest. Appropriately it would be the same number as the number the L-rd rested when He created the Universe – the seventh day therefore we have a thousand years of rest during the seventh Millennium.