Shof'tim (Judges) Chapter 4

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Dalet – door; way; concern; dimensions; direction

Shof’tim 4:1-3 Then the sons of Israel again did evil in the sight of the L-RD, after Ehud died. And the L-RD sold them into the hand of Yavin king of Kena’an, who reigned in Hatzor; and the commander of his army was Sisra, who lived in Haroshet-Hagoyim. And the sons of Israel cried to the L-RD; for he had nine hundred iron chariots, and he oppressed the sons of Israel severely for twenty years.

They had problems after Ehud died. This again shows not only a need for a King but a permanent King. Yeshua will fill that need in the future forever and ever.

Shof’tim 4:4-5 Now D’vorah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidot, was judging Israel at that time. And she used to sit under the palm tree of D’vorah between Ramah and Beit-El in the hill country of Efrayim; and the sons of Israel came up to her for judgment.

D’vorah was the forth judge of Israel and the only female judge.

Shof’tim 4:6-8 Now she sent and summoned Barak the son of Avino’am from Kedesh-Naftali, and said to him, "Look, the L-RD, the G-d of Israel, has commanded, 'Go and march to Mount Tavor, and take with you ten thousand men from the sons of Naftali and from the sons of Z’vulun. 'And I will draw out to you Sisra, the commander of Yavin's army, with his chariots and his many troops to the river Kishon; and I will give him into your hand.' " Then Barak said to her, "If you will go with me, then I will go; but if you will not go with me, I will not go."

He was only willing to go if she came too. This is not the way to respond when G-d tells you to do something. We should have a willing heart. He could have asked her to come along but it was not good to say “no” with the “unless” condition added to it. Was it lack of courage? Or a lack of faith? I do not know for sure. Anyway, it seems He did not get the glory for the victory. It is given to a woman instead. This is because of the way he responded.

Shof’tim 4:9-10 And she said, "I will surely go with you; nevertheless, the honor shall not be yours on the journey that you are about to take, for the L-RD will sell Sisra into the hands of a woman." Then D’vorah arose and went with Barak to Kedesh. And Barak called Z’vulun and Naftali together to Kedesh, and ten thousand men went up with him; D’vorah also went up with him.

A female prophetess- The L-rd G-d can use a male or female for His purpose if one is willing to be used by Him. As I stated before the type does not always have to be perfect in pointing to the real deal. The circumstances do not have to be exact in every to be a foreshadowing that points to our Messiah.

Shof’tim 4:11-16 Now Hever the Kenite had separated himself from the Kenites, from the sons of Hovav the father-in-law of Moshe, and had pitched his tent as far away as the oak in T’za’ananim, which is near Kedesh. Then they told Sisra that Barak the son of Avino’am had gone up to Mount Tavor. And Sisra called together all his chariots, nine hundred iron chariots, and all the people who were with him, from Haroshet-hagoyim to the river Kishon. And D’vorah said to Barak, "Arise! For this is the day in which the L-RD has given Sisra into your hands; look, the L-RD has gone out before you." So Barak went down from Mount Tavor with ten thousand men following him. And the L-RD routed Sisra and all his chariots and all his army, with the edge of the sword before Barak; and Sisra alighted from his chariot and fled away on foot. But Barak pursued the chariots and the army as far as Haroshet-hagoyim, and all the army of Sisra fell by the edge of the sword; not even one was left.

Part of D’vorah’s short-term prophecy has come to pass.

Shof’tim 4:17-18 Now Sisra fled away on foot to the tent of Ya’el the wife of Hever the Kenite, for there was peace between Yavin the king of Hatzor and the house of Heber the Kenite. And Ya’el went out to meet Sisra, and said to him, "Turn aside, my master, turn aside to me! Do not be afraid." And he turned aside to her into the tent, and she covered him with a rug.

Covering him – promising a form of protection

Shof’tim 4:19-22 And he said to her, "Please give me a little water to drink, for I am thirsty." So she opened a bottle of milk and gave him a drink; then she covered him. And he said to her, "Stand in the “DOORWAY” of the tent, and it shall be if anyone comes and inquires of you, and says, 'Is there anyone here?' that you shall say, 'No.'" But Ya’el, Heber's wife, took a tent peg and seized a hammer in her hand, and went secretly to him and drove the peg into his temple, and it went through into the ground; for he was sound asleep and exhausted. So he died. And look, as Barak pursued Sisra, Ya’el came out to meet him and said to him, "Come, and I will show you the man whom you are seeking." And he entered with her, and look Sisra was lying dead with the tent peg in his temple.

I find it interesting before Sisra was pierced He said he had thirst just like Yeshua did while He was pierced. He is also covered with a tent curtain of some kind maybe symbolic of the veil in the tabernacle. He certainly could be a type because his death brings freedom to Israel. We also see he is pierced after he is exhausted and already asleep. This would symbolize Yeshua after already dead from the exertion on the cross against the execution stake the soldier pierced him to make sure he had died. We must also understand that Yeshua ‘s human nature suffered and had weaknesses like we all do. I think the main point of this possible foreshadowing is to further illustrate the point that although Yeshua’s death came also through betrayal by Judas, yet it still was and is a blessing and was ordained by G-d who allowed the act through His providence to bless all of mankind. This is not unlike how Israel was blessed through this act of what you could say was murder of Sisra by Ya’el.

The rest of D’vorah’s prophecy was now fulfilled. A woman was used to kill the enemy.

Yochanan (John) 18:14 Now Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people. NAS

Too bad Barak said he would not go unless D’vorah accompanied him. Maybe He would have received the glory. His attitude however would not limit G-d. He still would use whoever was willing. A willing heart willing to serve the L-rd were ever and however is what the L-rd G-d desires from us. Who will receive the glory for His death. The father sent the Son for the father’s purpose. We give Yeshua the glory also. If we do not honor Yeshua his son then we do not honor the father either for He sent Him.

Yochanan (John) 5:23 in order that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.

Yochanan (John) 12:27-28 "Now My soul has become troubled; and what shall I say, 'Father, save Me from this hour'? But for this purpose I came to this hour. "Father, glorify Thy name." There came therefore a voice out of heaven: "I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again."

Back to the King of Kena’an:

Shof’tim 4:23-24 So G-d subdued on that day Yavin the king of Kena’an before the sons of Israel. And the hand of the sons of Israel pressed heavier and heavier upon Yavin the king of Kena’an, until they had destroyed Yavin the king of Kena’an.