Matt 10:1 And when He had called to Him His twelve talmidim (disciples), He gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.
Those of us who are believers in Yeshua are His talmidim (disciples). There are many talmidim but only a hand full of apostles (delegates).
Yeshua initially had twelve apostles. Moshe helped G-d take care of twelve tribes.
The tenth letter is “Yod”- a metaphysical and Divine letter meaning hand - the right hand of HaShem. His right hand represents Mercy, which prevails over the left hand representing harsh judgment.
Matt 10:2-4 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
(Taken from the “Willmington’s Guide to the Bible. Pages 360-361)
Matt 10:5-6 These twelve (Yeshua) Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans you enter not: But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
These 12 were set apart and given special abilities and special instruction. All had their faults and where always not shown in a favorable light which is uncommon from a fable which tend to tell how great the characters are. G-d in his mercy still uses us regardless of our weaknesses. Where we are weak, He is strong. At this point in time they were only to go to the children of Israel and NOT to the gentiles.
Later Yeshua revises their mission to include the gentiles.
Matt 28:18-20 And Yeshua (Jesus) came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth. Go therefore, and teach all nations, Immersing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit): Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the world.
They sanctify the name of Yeshua on earth - Son of His right hand or the Son of mercy. They declare the Mercy the Father sends only through the Son alone.
Discourse: Same as in Exodus, at this stage in time the message again was for Israel alone.
Matt 10:7-10 And as you go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely you have received, freely give. Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat.
G-d provided for their journey just like He provided in the wilderness journey.
Later this was revised, by Yeshua and they were told to prepare for their journey to the gentiles.
Luke 22:35-36 And He said to them; “when I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, did you lack any thing?” And they said, “Nothing”. Then said He to them, “But now, he that has a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that has no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.”
Note: The apostles were given the ability to perform miracles to validate their message and Yeshua’s authority. Today we do not have such dramatic miracles occurring. The type of miracles performed in Yeshua’s day, “the dead being brought back to life”, “the blind seeing” etc. where signs for that time period and not for today. Yes, G-d still answers our prayers and does heal us but usually not in such a dramatic fashion.