Third Discourse: Parables on the KINGDOM Above.
This message corresponds to the message in Leviticus where we have many in the wilderness awaiting the Promised Land. Many were found unfaithful and stayed in the wilderness never to reach the Promised Land.
Here we have Yeshua offering the Kingdom above and many out of lack of faith reject the message. If we reject Yeshua and the Father’s message we will stay in a spiritual wilderness and never reach the kingdom above. Because Yeshua was rejected from this generation the Kingdom on earth had to wait for a future generation.
The corresponding letter to this chapter is appropriately “Mem” meaning “revelation”.
Matt 13:1-3 The same day went Yeshua (Jesus) out of the house, and sat by the sea side. And great multitudes were gathered together to Him, so that He went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. And He spoke many things to them in parables,
This is a form of teaching in Judaism. Yeshua Himself reveals the meaning privately to the twelve later in this chapter.
The sea - refers to the “Sea of Galilee” as known as the “Sea of Tiberius” or the “Lake Kinneret”.
Matt 13:3-9 “…saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the birds came and devoured them: Some fell upon stony places, where they did not have much soil: and immediately they sprang up, because the soil was shallow: And when the sun came up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprang up, and choked them: But others fell into good soil, and brought forth fruit, some a hundred, some sixty, some thirty times what was sown. Who has ears to hear, let him hear.
In order for a seed to take root and grow properly it needs proper soil. Not too hard, like a footpath. Not too shallow like the stony ground. Certainly not were a bunch of weeds could choke it out.
Matt 13:10-11 And the disciples came, and said to Him, Why do you speak to them in parables? He answered and said to them, Because it is given to you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
Yeshua HaMashiach was aware that “as a nation” Israel would not hear. If you desire to remain in darkness G-d will allow it. Keeping it from them this way also was a form of mercy because the more you know the stricter your judgment will be.
Matt 13:12-13 "For whoever has, to him will more be given, and he will have an abundance; but whoever does not have, even what he has will be taken away from him. "Therefore I speak to them in parables; because while seeing they do not see, and while hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.
Many are spiritually blind and do not understand the message of Yeshua. It is gobbley gook to them. L
Matt 13:14-15 "And in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is being fulfilled, which says, 'You will keep on hearing, but will not understand; And you will keep on seeing, but will not perceive; For the heart of this people has become dull, And with their ears they scarcely hear, And they have closed their eyes otherwise they should see with their eyes, And hear with their ears, And understand with their heart and repent (do t’shuvah), And I should heal them.'
Isaiah 6:9-10 And He said, "Go, and tell this people: 'Keep on hearing, but do not understand; Keep on seeing, but do not perceive.' "Make the heart of this people dull, And their ears heavy, And shut their eyes; otherwise seeing with their eyes, And hearing with their ears, And understand with their hearts, And repent and be healed."
Isaiah’s message was to be G-d’s instrument for hiding the truth from an unreceptive people. Centuries later Yeshua’s parables did the same thing.
Matt 13:16-17 "But blessed are your eyes, because they see; and your ears, because they hear. "For truly I say to you, that many prophets and righteous men desired to see what you see, and did not see it; and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.
What did the prophets and righteous men desire to see? The coming of the Messiah.
Matt 13:18 -22 Hear then the parable of the sower. When any one hears the word of the kingdom, and understands it not, then comes the wicked one, and catches away that which was sown in his heart. This is he, which received seed by the way side. But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that hears the word, and immediately with joy receives it; But since he has no root, he lasts only a short time. When trouble or persecution comes because of the word, he quickly falls away. Yet has he not root in himself, but endures for a while: for when tribulation or persecution arises because of the word, by and by he is offended. The one who received the seed that fell among the thorns is the man who hears the word, but the worries of this life and the deceitfulness of wealth choke it, making it unfruitful.
The wicked one - HaSatan.
The cares of the world (the worries of this life) and riches chock the word and he becomes unfruitful. (not leading others to the kingdom above).
There are three cases of unfruitfulness presented here. These people are not true believers in Yeshua.
Matt 13:23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that hears the word, and understands it; which also bears fruit, yielding a hundred, sixty, or thirty times what was sown.
There are 3 types of fruit presented here. Not every believer produces the same amount of fruit but every believer DOES produce fruit.
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of Ruach HaKodesh (the Spirit) is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Matt 13:24-25 He told them another parable, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like a man which sowed good seed in his field: But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went his way.
Children of HaSatan try to mingle with the children of G-d to lead them astray. (v 40)