This is the longest chapter in the book of Matthew.
Matt 26:1-2 And it came to pass, when Yeshua (Jesus) had finished all these sayings, He said to His disciples, You know that in two days is the feast of the Pesach (Passover), and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
Yeshua has just finished the “Olivet Discourse” which last for two chapters (24 & 25).
Moshe would die before he would reach the Promised Land. (Deut 32:50) Yeshua would die before He would reign in the Promised Land.
The corresponding letter for this chapter is Dalet - door; way and also includes the giving of oneself for others and stages of holiness.
Yeshua gave up His Life for our betterment.
John 15:13 Greater love has no man than this; that a man lay down his life for his friends.
Matt 26:3-4 Then the head cohanim (chief priests) assembled together, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, to the palace of the cohen hagadol (high priest), who was called Kayafa (Caiaphas), And plotted that they might take Yeshua (Jesus) by trickery, and kill Him.
Kayafa - was the cohen hagadol from 18 CE (AD) to 36 CE (AD). He is always portrayed in scripture as seeking Yeshua’s destruction.
Matt 26:5 But not during the Feast," they said, "or there may be a riot among the people."
They were looking for a time that was more “politically” in their favor. However, Yeshua’s death was on G-d’s timetable not man’s. It was no mere coincidence that Yeshua was nailed to the execution-stake on Pesach. He was our Pesach Lamb. Some of us, who are Jewish, have ancestors that faithfully applied the blood of the lamb to the doorposts of their homes and trusted the angel of death would pass over their homes and would not kill their first-born. They are to all of us (Jew or Gentile) our “ancestors in faith” to the truth of the True Jewish Messiah Yeshua. They looked forward to Yeshua but today we look back and must trust that applying the blood of Yeshua, our Pesach lamb, to the doorposts our hearts forever help us escape our being cut off forever from HaShem.
The Bible actually says He was slain from the foundation of the world.
Rev 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth will worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain FROM the FOUNDATION of the world.
This is described as a Proleptic Statement - future event described as if it already happened. When HaShem says something it is sure.
Isa 46:10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel will stand, and I will do all my pleasure:
It pleased Adonai to crush him.
Isa 53:10 Yet it pleased Adonai to crush him; he has put him to grief: when you make his soul an offering for sin, he will see his seed, he will prolong his days, and the pleasure of the L-RD will prosper in his hand.
After crushing him, He will also prolong His days……this is the resurrection!
Matt 26:6-7 Now when Yeshua (Jesus) was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, there came to Him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on His head, as He was reclining at the table.
In John chapter 12 we learn that this woman was Miryam (Mary) the sister of Lazarus and Marta (Martha).
In Luke 10:38-42 we learn about Miryam. She was a serious talmidah (female disciple/student) of Yeshua.
Luke 10:39 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Yeshua’s (Jesus') feet, and heard His word.
This lady listened to Yeshua words and believed Him. Miryam was one of the FEW people who understood that He was supposed to die and suffer. She followed the word of the prophets and followed the leading of Ruach HaKodesh in anointing His body for burial.
Matt 26:8-9 But when His disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, to what purpose is this waste? For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.
You see the men, missed the point, they were thinking that Miryam was being extravagant and wasteful.
Matt 26:10-11 Aware of this, Yeshua (Jesus) said to them, "Why are you bothering this woman? She has done a beautiful thing to Me. For you have the poor always with you; but you will not always have Me.
The fourth letter “Dalet” has to do also has to do with man’s conduct and obligations to other men.
Matt 26:12-13 When she poured this perfume on My body, she did it to prepare Me for burial. I tell you the truth, wherever this gospel is preached throughout the world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her."
We tell it here now, and honor the memory of this woman and what she did for our Messiah.
Matt 26:14-16 Then one of the twelve, called Y’hudah from K’riot (Judas Iscariot), went to the head cohanim (chief priests) and said, "What are you willing to give me if I deliver Him to you?" And they counted out to Him thirty pieces of silver. So from that time he looked for a good opportunity to betray Him.
Zechariah 11:12 And I said to them, If you think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.
Thirty pieces of silver was the price of a slave.
Ex 21:32 If the ox gores a male or female servant, he will give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox will be stoned.
Now there are those that say Yeshua and His talmidim manipulated the events to make it appear that Yeshua had fulfilled Messianic prophecy. Well if that was the case, don’t you think that the head cohanim, who hated Him, and Y’hudah from K’riot would have settled on any amount other than 30 pieces of silver? However, they too were used to fulfill prophecy. They were powerless to do otherwise.
Matt 26:17-19 On the first day of the Matzah (Feast of Unleavened Bread), the disciples came to Yeshua (Jesus) and asked, "Where do you want us to make preparations for You to eat the Pesach (Passover) Seder?" And He said, Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, The Master said, My appointed time is near; I will keep the Pesach (Passover) at your house with my disciples. And the disciples did as Yeshua had directed them; and they prepared the Pesach (Passover).
This sounds a little clandestine. It seems that Yeshua had prearranged things with the homeowner and wanted to keep His whereabouts during His last hours a mystery so that He would not be arrested until the exact moment in the Fathers timetable.
Luke 22:10-11 He replied, "As you enter the city, a man carrying a jar of water will meet you. Follow him to the house that he enters,
We learn from Luke that they are to look for a man carrying water. This is normally the job of a woman so this man would have stood out on the busy streets in Yerushalayim.
Matt 26:20-23 When the evening came, He sat down with the twelve talmidim. And as they were eating, He said, Truly I say to you, that one of you will betray Me. And they were very sad, and began to say to Him one after another, L-rd, is it I? And He answered and said; He that dips his Matzah in the dish with Me, the same will betray Me.
Here is another fulfilled prophecy.
Tehillim (Psalms) 41:9 (in the Jewish Tanakh vs. 10) Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, Who ate my bread, Has lifted up his heel against me.
This is an example of a foreshadowing. When David wrote this verse he probably was referring to his own enemy Ahithophel who betrayed him and advised Absalom in his attempted coup d'état. Ahithophel hung himself just as Judah hung himself. (See 2 Sam 17:23
Matt 26:24-25 The Son of man will go as it is written about Him: but woe to the man who betrays the Son of Man! It would have been good for that man if he had not been born. Then Y’hudah (Judas), which betrayed Him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said to him, You have said it yourself.
Notice that Y’hudah does not call Yeshua L-rd! He just calls Yeshua Master. Do you call Yeshua L-rd? Or are you like Y’hudah and have not accepted Him and your L-rd and Messiah?
It would have been good for that man if he had not been born. - Imagine betraying G-d! Don’t be like Y’hudah and betray your Mashiach!
Matt 26:26-29 And as they were eating, Yeshua took the Matzah, and made the b’rakhah, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body. And He took a cup of wine, and made the b’rakhah, and gave it to them, saying, You drink all of it; For this is My blood, which ratifies the new covenant, my blood shed on behalf of many, so that they may have their sins forgiven. I tell you, I will not drink this ‘fruit of the vine’ again, until the day I drink new wine with you in my Father's kingdom.
Our sins are more than just covered but “taken away” if we trust this is true.
the b’rakhah - the blessing
Yeshua is conducting the Pesach Seder.
To understand it fully we encourage you to read our study on Pesach.
my Father's kingdom - this refers to the earthly millennial kingdom of Yeshua.
Matt 26:30 After singing the Hallel, they went out to the mount of Olives.
The Hallel - Hallel means “Praise”. The “Egyptian” Hallel consists of Psalms 113-118; the “Great” Hallel is Psalm 136. Both are recited as part of the Seder service. (Taken from the “Complete Jewish Bible” page 1572.)
Matt 26:31 Then Yeshua (Jesus) said to them, All of you will be offended because of Me this night: for it is written, I will strike the shepherd dead, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.
Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against My shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, says the L-RD of hosts: strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered: and I will turn My hand upon the little ones.
This prophecy is fulfilled in verse 56 of this chapter.
Matt 26:32 But after I am raised again, I will go before you into Galil (Galilee).
Matt 26:33-35 Kefa (Peter) answered and said to Him, Though all men will be offended because of you, yet will I never be offended. Yeshua (Jesus) said to him, Truly I say to you, That this night, before the cock crow, you will deny Me three times. Peter said to Him, Even if I have to have to die with you, I would not deny you. And all the other talmidim said the same.This is a very short-term prophecy and is fulfilled later in this chapter.