Romans 2:1 Therefore You are inexcusable, O man, whosoever you are that judges: for wherein thou judges another, you condemn yourself; for you that judges does the same thing.
You are inexcusable - some might feel pretty self-righteous because they are not involved in any of the sins listed at the end of chapter 1. However, the more you know about G-d and His word, the more responsible you are. You have greater accountability to Him.
James 3:1 Let not many of you become teachers, my brethren, knowing that as such we shall incur a stricter judgment.
What Paul says in Romans 2:1 relates to Matt. 7:1.
Mattityahu (Matthew) 7:1-2 "Do not judge lest you be judged. "For in the way you judge, you will be judged; and by your standard of measure, it will be measured to you.
Both are against making rash judgment. You cannot condemn in others what we condone in ourselves.
Romans 2:13-14 For not the hearers of the law are just before G-d, but the doers of the law shall be justified. For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:
What does it mean to be justified? Or mean when Paul says, "it is not those who hear the law who are righteous in G-d's sight, but it is those who obey the law who will be declared righteous."
Justified means it is "Just as if" you did not sin. That about sums it up.
Alva J. McClain states it well.
"Some people say it means to make a man righteous. Catholic theologians say that when G-d justifies a man, He makes him righteous. Therefore it is progressive. This means that when G-d justifies a man, he makes him better and better. However, let us settle the meaning of this word by noting in the Scripture the use of the word... Think about that. Suppose it means to make the man righteous."
That could not be could it because the word say's the law requires perfection. If you break the law at one point (and we all do) you break the whole law. So none of us can be made righteous. We cannot be perfect like G-d and be like him from our own efforts in this life. This only sets us up for disappointment. Those that claim to hear the law and say they do not break it are trying to declare a righteousness in themselves that is not there. I find that these are the ones that have trouble with the law. They claim they need to work out their salvation by works along with grace. No matter how much you claim to hear the law and do it. We still fail and fall short. It still only tells us we are human and are still sinners. They are not fooling anyone.
Self-righteous people are guilty in G-d's eye on two things:
They misunderstand the perfection of G-d's law.
They don't understand the sin nature of all men.
They also do not understand that G-d knows all, sees all, and hears all.
Willmington's guide states:
"They despise his goodness and forbearance (2:4).
Thus the moral man was despising (a) G-d's forbearance; his act of holding back his wrath. (b) G-d's goodness; that is, his act of holding forth his grace. The moral man takes lightly both G-d's extended hand and his clenched fist." They assume their morality will excuse them form his judgment (2:3)"
(Wilmington, H. L. Wilmington's Guide to the Bible. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 1981, Pg. 448.)
So what does "Justify" mean?
He goes on to say:
"the word justify means to pronounce a man righteous. He is not made righteous, but pronounced righteous." (Romans: Alva McClain, 1973. pg.106, 107)
In Romans chapter 6 we will see how our sanctification is also through Yeshua.
Romans 2:2-11 And we know that the judgment of G-d rightly falls upon those who practice such things. And do you suppose this, O man, when you pass judgment upon those who practice such things and do the same yourself, that you will escape the judgment of G-d? Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of G-d leads you to repentance? But because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of G-d, who will render to every man according to his deeds: to those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life; but to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation. There will be tribulation and distress for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek, but glory and honor and peace to every man who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. For there is no partiality with G-d.
Paul is saying G-d's judgment is universal (to all). We are all punished or rewarded according to what we have done. Salvation is given only by mercy and the righteous one. The gospel was given to the Jew first, however; now there is no respecter of persons.
The Mosaic Law did not eternally save. Do any of us not break the law? We all are sinners when compared to G-d's righteousness and His mark of perfection. We all miss the mark. This is not just a "Christian concept."
Tehillim (Psalms) 53:2-3 G-d has looked down from heaven upon the sons of men, to see if there is anyone who understands, who seeks after G-d. Every one of them has turned aside; together they have become corrupt; There is no one who does good, not even one.
We all need mercy. Yes, there was mercy in the Tanakh also.
Does mercy (grace) save everybody? No. G-d's righteousness is for all men, if they want it, but it comes ONLY to rest upon those who believe (trust) in Yeshua.
This reminds me of those whom claim that all people will be saved because Yeshua died for all. Yes, He died for all but only those that choose to accept His free gift are saved. Does this make G-d loving? Yes, because G-d gives each one us a free choice.
Yochanan (John) 3:16 "For G-d so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.