Romans 2:12-13 For all who have sinned without the Law will also perish without the Law; and all who have sinned under the Law will be judged by the Law; for not the hearers of the Law are just before G-d, but the doers of the Law will be justified.
How should we understand Romans 2:13? How should we understand what he says here in relation to Rom. 3:20?
Romans 3:20 Because by works of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for through the Law (instruction) comes the knowledge of sin.
James 1:22 But prove yourselves doers of the word, and not merely hearers who delude themselves.
How may James 1:22 help us understand Paul's meaning?
Faith without works is dead. If one is saved that person will bear fruit. What is this fruit? This does not justify but it tells us our faith is genuine.
Romans 2:14-16 For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves, in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness, and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them, on the day when, according to my gospel, G-d will judge the secrets of men through Yeshua HaMashiach (Christ Jesus).
Explain how "judgment" is a part of the gospel?
Answer: Without judgment there cannot be righteousness or justification.
So Romans 1-3:9 deals with the wrath of G-d and His Holiness in condemning sin and His righteousness in law.
Later we will see in Romans 3:21 thru Romans chapter 5 speaks of justification and G-d's imputed righteousness for Salvation.
Romans 2:17-18 Now you, if you call yourself a Jew; if you rely on the law and brag about your relationship to G-d; if you know his will and approve of what is superior because you are instructed by the law;
There is a great deal of misunderstanding here. If you claim you keep the law (instruction), this may mean that you are obeying His instructions. Which is fine. We are at liberty to keep the instructions as long as we don't think it means that we are without sin or that we have not broken the law.
For we all have broken the law and none are without fault. Some want to keep their traditions, which is fine as long as you do not think that keeping them is a one-way ticket to the other world or makes you better than the Gentiles. Perfection is a promise, but for now all in this world still fall short. Do not compromise the Word of G-d for the sake of your traditions.
Romans 2:19-23 if you are convinced that you are a guide for the blind, a light for those who are in the dark, an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of infants, because you have in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth- you, then, who teach others, do you not teach yourself? You who preach against stealing, do you steal? You who say that people should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? You who brag about the law, do you dishonor G-d by breaking the law?
Paul asks, "Do you practice what you preach?
Paul addresses those that claim a righteousness of their own. He calls them hypocrites. What is he trying to say?
Romans 2:24-29 For "the name of G-d is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you," just as it is written. For indeed circumcision is of value, if you practice the Law; but if you are a transgressor of the Law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. If therefore the uncircumcised man keeps the requirements of the Law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision? And will not he who is physically uncircumcised, if he keeps the Law, will he not judge you who though having the letter of the Law and circumcision are a transgressor of the Law? For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from G-d.
Paul is not saying circumcision is wrong. He is only saying that circumcision of the heart is more important to G-d.
McGee uses a very good example:
"To use another figure of speech, if my wife loses her wedding ring, that does not mean she becomes unmarried. Marriage is more than a wedding ring, although the ring may be the symbol of it..."(Thru the Bible, J. McGee, pg. 659)
"Brit Milah" ("Covenant of Circumcision"). "Circumcision is "cutting all the way around" and signifies the cutting off of the old life to receive a new life. "Circumcision of Christ (Messiah)" means He was "cut off" (out of the land of the living" Isaiah 53:8) to be raised into "new life" (resurrected). When we are circumcised in heart, the natural man has been cut off (died) so that we can have Christ's (Messiah's) new life. We are "born from above."
"The Mosaic Law had already stated there was a circumcision of the heart.
Listen to Moshe:
D'varim (Deuteronomy) 10:16 Circumcise then your heart, and stiffen your neck no more.
We are taking about spiritual things that are above the natural or ceremonial.