Ruth (Rut) Chapter 2 (Continued)

Rut 2:13-14 Then she said, "Let me find favor in your sight, my lord; for you have comforted me, and have spoken kindly to your maidservant, though I am not like one of your maidservants." Now Boaz said to her at mealtime, "Come here, and eat of the bread, and dip your piece of bread in the vinegar." So she sat beside the reapers, and he passed parched grain to her; and she ate and was satisfied, and kept some back.

Things are going greatÖRut is invited to lunch. :~)

Vinegar - this was sour wine mixed with a little oil, used to quench thirst.

She saves some of her lunch to take back to Naomi. I bet Boaz didnít miss that.

Rut 2:15-16 And when she rose up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, "Let her glean even among the sheaves, and do not reproach her. Also let grain from the bundles fall purposely for her; leave it that she may glean, and do not rebuke her."

Now Boaz could have just handed her a basket of food and sent her home but he does not want to insult her. He doesnít want her to feel like a charity case. G-dís means of providing for the poor allowed the poor to retain dignity working for what they ate.

Rut 2:17-18 So she gleaned in the field until evening, and beat out what she had gleaned, and it was about an ephah of barley. Then she took it up and went into the city, and her mother-in-law saw what she had gleaned. So she brought out and gave to her what she had kept back after she had been satisfied.

Rut began early in the morning and put in a long day. Not only did she glean but also she beat what she gleaned and was left with an ephah of barley.

an ephah - .65 bushel, 20.8 quarts (22 liters)

She gave Naomi her leftovers from lunch.

Rut 2:19 And her mother-in-law said to her, "Where have you gleaned today? And where did you work? Blessed be the one who took notice of you." So she told her mother-in-law with whom she had worked, and said, "The man's name with whom I worked today is Boaz."

Rut fills Naomi in on the details of her day.

Rut 2:20 Then Naomi said to her daughter-in-law, "Blessed be he of the L-RD, who has not forsaken His kindness to the living and the dead!" And Naomi said to her, "This man is a relation of ours, one of our close relatives."

Naomi finally sees that the L-r d has not forgotten her. She has been feeling sorry for herself up until now. Now she sees the hand of Adonai at work in their lives.

One of our close relatives - The theme of kinsman-redeemer begins here.

A close relative could redeem:

  1. One into slavery.

    Leviticus 25:47-49 'Now if the means of a stranger or of a sojourner with you becomes sufficient, and a countryman of yours becomes so poor with regard to him as to sell himself to a stranger who is sojourning with you, or to the descendants of a stranger's family, then he will have redemption right after he has been sold. One of his brothers may redeem him, or his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or one of his blood relatives from his family may redeem him; or if he prospers, he may redeem himself. (NAS)

  2. Land that was sold because of financial problems

    Leviticus 25:23-28 'The land, moreover, will not be sold permanently, for the land is Mine; for you are but aliens and sojourners with Me. 'Thus for every piece of your property, you are to provide for the redemption of the land. 'If a fellow countryman of yours becomes so poor he has to sell part of his property, then his nearest kinsman is to come and buy back what his relative has sold. 'Or in case a man has no kinsman, but so recovers his means as to find sufficient for its redemption, then he will calculate the years since its sale and refund the balance to the man to whom he sold it, and so return to his property. 'But if he has not found sufficient means to get it back for himself, then what he has sold will remain in the hands of its purchaser until the year of jubilee; but at the jubilee it will revert, that he may return to his property. (NAS)

  3. The family name by marrying the childless widow.

    Deuteronomy 25:5-10 "When brothers live together and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased will not be married outside the family to a strange man. Her husband's brother will go in to her and take her to himself as wife and perform the duty of a husband's brother to her. And it will be that the first-born whom she bears will assume the name of his dead brother, that his name may not be blotted out from Israel. But if the man does not desire to take his brother's wife, then his brother's wife will go up to the gate to the elders and say, 'My husband's brother refuses to establish a name for his brother in Israel; he is not willing to perform the duty of a husband's brother to me.' "Then the elders (leaders) of his city will summon him and speak to him. And if he persists and says, 'I do not desire to take her,' then his brother's wife will come to him in the sight of the elders, and pull his sandal off his foot and spit in his face; and she will declare,' This is done to the man who does not build up his brother's house.' "And in Israel his name will be called, 'The house of him whose sandal is removed.' (NAS)

Rut 2:20-23 Then Rut the Moabitess said, "Furthermore, he said to me, 'You should stay close to my servants until they have finished all my harvest.'" And Naomi said to Rut her daughter-in-law, "It is good, my daughter, that you go out with his maids, lest others fall on you in another field." So she stayed close by the maids of Boaz in order to glean until the end of the barley harvest and the wheat harvest. And she lived with her mother-in-law. NAS

that people do not meet you in any other field - Rut would not have been treated with such kindness in another field.

So under the direction of her mother-in-law Rut, and with Boaz permission, Rut works in his fields through out the harvest. The barley harvest usually started in mid April and the wheat harvest extended until mid June. So this would have been 2 months of intensive labor. This time period coincides with gap between Pesach and Shavuot.

The Believers of the true faith worked under the direction of Boaz. Boaz again represents Yeshua. Just as these harvesters work from morning until evening gathering a crop of barley and wheat. So too we are to labor gathering a harvest of lost souls for Yeshua.