Ruth (Rut) Chapter 4

Rut 4:1 Now Boaz went up to the gate and sat down there; and look, the close relative of whom Boaz had spoken came by. So Boaz said, "Come beside me, friend, sit down here." So he came beside him and sat down.

to the gate - The gate of the city was the door to the city were official business was conducted. Today we may conduct this type of official business at the courthouse.

The fourth letter is Dalet. Dalet- door; WAY. It is also the symbol for Dimensions and concern. It can reach right or left or “Up” and down like a door.

sat down there - There would be a good change that one would pass through the gate of the city during the course of the day. So Boaz positioned himself there waiting for the nearer kinsman to come along.

Rut 4:2 And he took ten men of the leaders of the city, and said, "Sit down here." So they sat down.

ten men - a quorum to transact business.

leaders of the city - These men would serve as witnesses and if necessary judges of the meeting between Boaz and the other nearer kinsman.

Rut 4:3 Then he said to the close relative, "Naomi, who has come back from the country of Mo’av, sold the piece of land which belonged to our brother Elimelekh.

our brother - in Hebrew it may mean our near relative (A brother or cousin)

Boaz doesn’t mention Rut at first. He talks about Naomi and her husband’s property.

Rut 4:4 And I thought to inform you, saying, 'Buy it back in the presence of the inhabitants and the leaders of my people. If you will redeem it, redeem it; but if you will not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know; for there is no one but you to redeem it, and I am next after you.' " And he said, "I will redeem it."

Boaz tells him “make a decision” if you don’t want to buy it back I will.

The other man is not a bad guy, he agrees to help Naomi out and buy back the land.

Rut 4:5 Then Boaz said, "On the day you buy the field from the hand of Naomi, you must also buy it from Rut the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to perpetuate the name of the dead through his inheritance."

Boaz then reminds him that he also must marry Rut and their first-born would be considered the child of Rut’s dead husband. It was important to carry on the family name and not let it die out.

Boaz makes a point of mentioning the Rut is from Mo’av. Looks like he is trying to discourage him so that he can marry Rut.

Deut 23:3-4 An Ammonite or Moabite will not enter into the congregation of the L-RD; even to their tenth generation they will not enter into the congregation of the L-RD for ever: Because they met you not with bread and with water in the way, when you came out of Egypt; and because they hired against you Balaam the son of Beor of Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you.

Rut 4:6 And the close relative said, "I cannot redeem it for myself, unless I ruin my own inheritance. You redeem my right of redemption for yourself, for I cannot redeem it."

Now that the “close relative” realizes that he has to marry Rut he has second thoughts. He may have already been married and have children who would inherit his land. He may not have wanted to marry a gentile.

The Close Relative - represents the Torah. He is nameless.

I cannot redeem - The law cannot redeem us.

Rom 3:20 Now do you see it? No one can ever be made right in G-d's sight by doing what the law commands. For the more we know of G-d's laws, the clearer it becomes that we aren't obeying them; His laws serve only to make us see that we are sinners. (TLB)

The law was given to reveal our true condition; it condemns us because we are sinners and not perfect.

Heb 7:19 for the law made nothing perfect; on the other hand, there is the bringing in of a better hope, through which we draw near to G-d. NKJV

2 Corinthians 3:6-9 He is the one who has helped us tell others about his new agreement to save them. We do not tell them that they must obey every law of G-d or die; but we tell them there is life for them from Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit). The old way, trying to be saved by keeping the Ten Commandments, ends in death; in the new WAY, Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit) gives them life. Yet that old system of law that led to death began with such glory that people could not bear to look at Moses' face. For as he gave them G-d's law to obey, his face shone out with the very glory of G-d-though the brightness was already fading away. Shall we not expect far greater glory in these days when Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit) is giving life? If the plan that leads to doom was glorious, much more glorious is the plan that makes men right with G-d. TLB

2 Cor 3:10-11 For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels. For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious. NKJV

Or

2 Cor 3:11 “…the glory of G-d's new plan for our salvation is certainly far greater, for it is eternal. (TLB)

Sacrifice made Tanakh believers acceptable to HaShem.

Boaz on the other hand loves Rut and puts his own inheritance on the line to become her kinsman redeemer.

Yeshua gave up heaven for 33 years, took on human flesh, suffered and died for your sins because He loves you.

Rut came from Mo’av to Israel the home of Boaz. We come from a far off because of our sin to Yeshua. This is made possible by His shed blood.

Yeshua, like Boaz, is not free to redeem you until you take the first step. Just as Rut had to let Boaz know that she wanted him for her kinsman redeemer. We must claim Yeshua for our kinsman redeemer.

Rut 4:7 Now this was the custom in former times in Israel concerning redeeming and exchanging, to confirm anything: one man took off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was a confirmation in Israel.

one man took off his sandal - The symbolic act, the seller taking off his shoe and handing it to the buyer, indicated that where the man once had the right to walk he no longer had the right to walk. He no longer could lay claim to the land.

Rut 4:8 Therefore the close relative said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." So he took off his sandal.

The close relative cannot redeem and he removes his shoe to signify this.

In Ephesians we learn about the “armor of G-d” that all believers are to wear. Our feet are to be covered with the shoes of gospel, the good news of Yeshua.

Ephesians 6:15 and having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of shalom;

Rut 4:9 And Boaz said to the leaders and all the people, "You are witnesses this day that I have bought all that was Elimelekh’s, and all that was Kilyon 's and Machlon 's, from the hand of Naomi.

The deal is concluded, and the men present where the official witnesses of the transaction.