The corresponding letter to this chapter is Kaf-crowning accomplishment;
Sh’mu’el Alef 11:1-3 Now Nachash the Ammonite came up and besieged Yavesh-Gil’ad; and all the men of Yavesh said to Nachash, "Make a covenant with us and we will serve you." But Nachash the Ammonite said to them, "I will make it with you on this condition, that I will gouge out the right eye of every one of you, thus I will make it a reproach on all Israel." And the elders of Yavesh said to him, "Let us alone for seven days, that we may send messengers throughout the territory of Israel. Then, if there is no one to deliver us, we will come out to you."
Nachash means, “snake” and his name suits him. He was the king of the Ammonites, descendants of Lot. The town of Yavesh-Gil’ad was on the east side of the Yarden River and was near the Ammonite territory. If they had their right eyes put out by this “snake” their depth perception would be gone and they would be useless in battle. The citizens of Yavesh-Gil’ad were able to buy time and hold off the Ammonites for seven days.
Sh’mu’el Alef 11:4-7 Then the messengers came to Giv’ah of Sha’ul and spoke these words in the hearing of the people, and all the people lifted up their voices and wept. Now look, Sha’ul was coming from the field behind the oxen; and he said, "What is the matter with the people that they weep?" So they related to him the words of the men of Yavesh. Then the Spirit of G-d came upon Sha’ul mightily when he heard these words, and he became very angry. And he took a yoke of oxen and cut them in pieces, and sent them throughout the territory of Israel by the hand of messengers, saying, "Whoever does not come out after Sha’ul and after Sh’mu’el, so shall it be done to his oxen." Then the dread of the L-RD fell on the people, and they came out as one man.
Giv’ah was Sha’uls hometown and his first capital. Notice “King Sha’ul” was still farming at this time.
The Ruach HaKodesh came upon King Sha’ul to enable him to lead the nation in battle against the Ammonites.
Sh’mu’el Alef 11:8-11 And he numbered them in Bezek; and the sons of Israel were 300,000, and the men of Y’hudah 30,000. And they said to the messengers who had come, "Thus you shall say to the men of Yavesh-Gil’ad, 'Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you shall have deliverance.'" So the messengers went and told the men of Yavesh; and they were glad. Then the men of Yavesh said, "Tomorrow we will come out to you, and you may do to us whatever seems good to you." And it happened the next morning that Sha’ul put the people in three companies; and they came into the midst of the camp at the morning watch, and struck down the Ammonites until the heat of the day. And it came about that those who survived were scattered, so that no two of them were left together.
Sha’ul is a type of Yeshua HaMashiach. He conquered Israel’s enemies, which points us to Yeshua HaMashiach who will conquer Israel’s enemies on a grander scale.
The morning watch would have been from 2 until 6 AM. The Israelites split into three companies to launch their surprise attack. The attack was very successful and the Ammonites were defeated.
Sh’mu’el Alef 11:12-15 Then the people said to Sh’mu’el, "Who is he that said, 'Shall Sha’ul reign over us?' Bring the men, that we may put them to death." But Sha’ul said, "Not a man shall be put to death this day, for today the L-RD has accomplished deliverance in Israel." Then Sh’mu’el said to the people, "Come and let us go to Gilgal and renew the kingdom there." So all the people went to Gilgal, and there they made Sha’ul king before the L-RD in Gilgal. There they also offered sacrifices of peace offerings before the L-RD; and there Sha’ul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.
Sha’ul recognized that G-d was responsible for the victory. He would not punish those who were against him. The nation reaffirmed Sha’ul as its king and they were united in following his leadership.