The corresponding letter to this chapter is Lamed – teaching and learning.
Sh’mu’el Alef 12:1-5 Then Sh’mu’el said to all Israel, "Look, I have listened to your voice in all that you said to me, and I have appointed a king over you. And now, here is the king walking before you, but I am old and gray, and look my sons are with you. And I have walked before you from my youth even to this day. Here I am; bear witness against me before the L-RD and His anointed. Whose ox have I taken, or whose donkey have I taken, or whom have I defrauded? Whom have I oppressed, or from whose hand have I taken a bribe to blind my eyes with it? I will restore it to you." And they said, "You have not defrauded us, or oppressed us, or taken anything from any man's hand." And he said to them, "The L-RD is witness against you, and His anointed is witness this day that you have found nothing in my hand." And they said, "He is witness."
Sh’mu’el obeyed G-d and gave the people what they wanted: a king to rule over them.
Sh’mu’el was a G-dly man and always strove to follow the Torah, unlike some other leaders that came before and after him. He is an example of a righteous priest like Yeshua.
Sh’mu’el Alef 12:6-12 Then Sh’mu’el said to the people, "It is the L-RD who appointed Moshe and Aharon and who brought your fathers up from the land of Egypt. So now, take your stand, that I may plead with you before the L-RD concerning all the righteous acts of the L-RD which He did for you and your fathers. When Yakkov went into Egypt and your fathers cried out to the L-RD, then the L-RD sent Moshe and Aharon who brought your fathers out of Egypt and settled them in this place. But they forgot the L-RD their G-d, so He sold them into the hand of Sisra, captain of the army of Hatzor, and into the hand of the P’lishtim and into the hand of the king of Moab, and they fought against them. And they cried out to the L-RD and said, 'We have sinned because we have forsaken the L-RD and have served the Baals and the Ashtaroth; but now deliver us from the hands of our enemies, and we will serve YOU.' "Then the L-RD sent Yeruba’al and B’dan and Yiftach and Sh’mu’el, and delivered you from the hands of your enemies all around, so that you lived in security. When you saw that Nahash the king of the sons of Ammon came against you, you said to me, 'No, but a king shall reign over us,' although the L-RD your G-d was your king.
Sh’mu’el reminded the nation that G-d was in control of their welfare and they did not need a king. Obeying G-d would bring blessing and disobedience would bring curses. The people repented and asked Samuel to pray for them. Who was the King? Surely you know!
Sh’mu’el Alef 12:13-21 Now therefore, here is the king whom you have chosen, whom you have asked for, and look, the L-RD has set a king over you. If you will fear the L-RD and serve Him, and listen to His voice and not rebel against the command of the L-RD, then both you and also the king who reigns over you will follow the L-RD your G-d. And if you will not listen to the voice of the L-RD, but rebel against the command of the L-RD, then the hand of the L-RD will be against you, as it was against your fathers. Even now, take your stand and see this great thing which the L-RD will do before your eyes. Is it not the wheat harvest today? I will call to the L-RD, that He may send thunder and rain. Then you will know and see that your wickedness is great which you have done in the sight of the L-RD by asking for yourselves a king." So Sh’mu’el called to the L-RD, and the L-RD sent thunder and rain that day; and all the people greatly feared the L-RD and Sh’mu’el. Then all the people said to Sh’mu’el, "Pray for your servants to the L-RD your G-d, so that we may not die, for we have added to all our sins this evil by asking for ourselves a king." And Sh’mu’el said to the people, "Do not fear. You have committed all this evil, yet do not turn aside from following the L-RD, but serve the L-RD with all your heart. And you must not turn aside, for then you would go after futile things which cannot profit or deliver, because they are futile.
Things of the world do not truly satisfy us. The L-rd has made man in such a way that we need Him. We are not complete without the L-rd in our heart and life. He is the one who truly satisfies and makes all other things like dung. Survival means nothing to me. My purpose is to serve the L-rd with all my heart. This is what satisfies me. If I cannot do this than I only want to go home.
Sh’mu’el Alef 12:22 For the L-RD will not abandon His people on account of His great name, because the L-RD has been pleased to make you a people for Himself.
We all sin and fall short but the L-rd still loves us for His namesake. He is a merciful G-d and He does not abandon Israel even though they rejected Him. In the future, Yeshua will fight the nations that go against Israel even though, as a nation, Israel has rejected Him.
Sh’mu’el Alef 12:23-25 Moreover, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the L-RD by ceasing to pray for you; but I will instruct you in the good and right way. Only fear the L-RD and serve Him in truth with all your heart; for consider what great things He has done for you. But if you still do wickedly, both you and your king shall be swept away." be swept away - If the people continue to rebel against G-d they and their king would be turned over to their enemies.
Saul would do wicked things. Isn’t it wonderful that we have Yeshua who will rule with perfection and who cannot do wicked things?