The corresponding letter to this chapter is Koph- holiness; cycles of growth; summary and judgment at the end of the cycle of life.
Sh’mu’el Alef 19:1-3 Now Sha’ul told Y’honatan his son and all his servants to put David to death. But Y’honatan, Sha’ul's son, greatly delighted in David. So Y’honatan told David saying, "Sha’ul my father is seeking to put you to death. Now therefore, please be on guard in the morning, and stay in a secret place and hide yourself. And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are, and I will speak with my father about you; if I find out anything, then I shall tell you."
Y'honatan is not in an easy position; his father is not stable and is running the nation. He is compelled to dissuade Sha’ul and protect a man he greatly admires. This makes him a traitor to the king and could have cost him his life.
Sh’mu’el Alef 19:4-8 Then Y’honatan spoke well of David to Sha’ul his father, and said to him, "Do not let the king sin against his servant David, since he has not sinned against you, and since his deeds have been very beneficial to you. For he took his life in his hand and struck the P’lishtim, and the L-RD brought about a great deliverance for all Israel; you saw it and rejoiced. Why then will you sin against innocent blood, by putting David to death without a cause?" And Sha’ul listened to the voice of Y’honatan, and Sha’ul vowed, "As the L-RD lives, he shall not be put to death." Then Y’honatan called David, and Y’honatan told him all these words. And Y’honatan brought David to Sha’ul, and he was in his presence as formerly. When there was war again, David went out and fought with the P’lishtim, and defeated them with great slaughter, so that they fled before him.
This time Y’honatan is successful in talking Sha’ul out of his murderous plot.
Sh’mu’el Alef 19:9-10 Now there was an evil spirit from the L-RD on Sha’ul as he was sitting in his house with his spear in his hand, and David was playing the harp with his hand. And Sha’ul tried to pin David to the wall with the spear, but he slipped away out of Sha’ul's presence, so that he stuck the spear into the wall. And David fled and escaped that night.
Once again David is nearly killed. But G-d protects him and the spear misses him.
Sh’mu’el Alef 19:11-17 Then Sha’ul sent messengers to David's house to watch him, in order to put him to death in the morning. But Mikhal, David's wife, told him, saying, "If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you will be put to death." So Mikhal let David down through a window, and he went out and fled and escaped. And Mikhal took the household idol and laid it on the bed, and put a quilt of goats' hair at its head, and covered it with clothes. When Sha’ul sent messengers to take David, she said, "He is sick." Then Sha’ul sent messengers to see David, saying, "Bring him up to me on his bed, that I may put him to death." When the messengers entered, look, the household idol was on the bed with the quilt of goats' hair at its head. So Sha’ul said to Mikhal, "Why have you deceived me like this and let my enemy go, so that he has escaped?" And Mikhal said to Sha’ul, "He said to me, 'Let me go! Why should I put you to death?'"
The household idol – What on earth is an idol doing in the home of a nice Jewish family?
Remember Mikhal is Sha’ul’s daughter so she not only goes against her king she is going against her father to defend G-d anointed. David has serious issues with his father-in-law. I doubt many have had such a bad relationship with their in-laws. Mikhal and Y’honatan stand up for the future King of Israel when it was not safe to do so.
The same is said about Yeshua.
Matt 10:34-39 "Do not think that I came to bring peace on the earth; I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. "For I came to set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; and a man's enemies will be the members of his household. "He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Me; and he who loves son or daughter more than Me is not worthy of Me. "And he who does not take his cross and follow after Me is not worthy of Me. "He who has found his life shall lose it, and he who has lost his life for My sake shall find it.
Do you follow the future King of Israel, Yeshua HaMashiach, even though it is not popular and my cost you your relationship with your loved ones?
Sh’mu’el Alef 19:18-24 Now David fled and escaped and came to Sh’mu’el at Ramah, and told him all that Sha’ul had done to him. And he and Sh’mu’el went and stayed in Naioth. And it was told Sha’ul, saying, "Look, David is at Naioth in Ramah." Then Sha’ul sent messengers to take David, but when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, with Sh’mu’el standing and presiding over them, the Spirit of G-d came upon the messengers of Sha’ul; and they also prophesied. And when it was told Sha’ul, he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. So Sha’ul sent messengers again the third time, and they also prophesied. Then he himself went to Ramah, and came as far as the large well that is in Sekhu; and he asked and said, "Where are Sh’mu’el and David?" And someone said, "Look, they are at Naioth in Ramah." And he proceeded there to Naioth in Ramah; and the Spirit of G-d came upon him also, so that he went along prophesying continually until he came to Naioth in Ramah. And he also stripped off his clothes, and he too prophesied before Sh’mu’el and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Therefore they say, "Is Sha’ul also among the prophets?"
I wonder if Sha’ul was prophesying about David’s future reign. Interestingly, there was another man named Sha’ul who persecuted and tried to kill those that followed our future king Yeshua, who is of the line of David. Later, He too, started to declare Him the Messiah and the Son of G-d.
Acts 9:20-22 And immediately he began to proclaim Yeshua in the synagogues, saying, "He is the Son of G-d." And all those hearing him continued to be amazed, and were saying, "Is this not he who in Yerushalayim destroyed those who called on this name, and who had come here for the purpose of bringing them bound before the chief priests?" But Sha’ul kept increasing in strength and confounding the Jews who lived at Damascus by proving that this Yeshua is the Messiah.
Galatians 1:22-24 And I was still unknown by sight to the synagogue /churches of Judea which were in Messiah; but only, they kept hearing, "He who once persecuted us is now preaching the faith which he once tried to destroy." And they were glorifying G-d because of me.