Sh’mu’el Alef (1 Samuel) Chapter 20

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Resh – wickedness; the wicked.

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:1-3 Then David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said to Y’honathan, "What have I done? What is my iniquity? And what is my sin before your father, that he is seeking my life?" And he said to him, "Far from it, you shall not die. Look, my father does nothing either great or small without disclosing it to me. So why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so!" Yet David vowed again, saying, "Your father knows well that I have found favor in your sight, and he has said, 'Do not let Y’honathan know this, lest he be grieved.' But truly as the L-RD lives and as your soul lives, there is hardly a step between me and death."

The type David points us to the real deal Yeshua who would be put to death. David was, as they say, a walking dead man. It could have been only a matter of time. Death faced him without a cause wherever he went. Same thing goes for Yeshua HaMashiach.

Yochanan (John) 15:22-25 "If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. "He who hates Me hates My Father also. "If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would not have sin; but now they have both seen and hated Me and My Father as well. "But they have done this in order that the word may be fulfilled that is written in the Law, 'They hated Me without a cause.'

Tehillim (Psalms) 109:2-5 For they have opened the wicked and deceitful mouth against me; They have spoken against me with a lying tongue. They have also surrounded me with words of hatred, and fought against me without cause. In return for my love they act as my accusers; but I am in prayer. Thus they have repaid me evil for good, and hatred for my love.

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:4-8 Then Y’honathan said to David, "Whatever you say, I will do for you." So David said to Y’honathan, "Look, tomorrow is the new moon, and I ought to sit down to eat with the king. But let me go, that I may hide myself in the field until the third evening. If your father misses me at all, then say, 'David earnestly asked leave of me to run to Bethlehem his city, because it is the yearly sacrifice there for the whole family.' "If he says, 'It is good,' your servant shall be safe; but if he is very angry, know that he has decided on evil. Therefore deal kindly with your servant, for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the L-RD with you. But if there is iniquity in me, put me to death yourself; for why then should you bring me to your father?"

David is expected to be in the kings presence. To just not show up would be like refusing an order from the king but to show up would have put him in harms way. So he enlists Y’honathan to act as a middle man with the king and to determine his intentions toward him.

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:9-19 And Y’honathan said, "Far be it from you! For if I should indeed learn that evil has been decided by my father to come upon you, then would I not tell you about it?" Then David said to Y’honathan, "Who will tell me if your father answers you harshly?" And Y’honathan said to David, "Come, and let us go out into the field." So both of them went out to the field. Then Y’honathan said to David, "The L-RD, the G-d of Israel, be witness! When I have sounded out my father about this time tomorrow, or the third day, look, if there is good feeling toward David, shall I not then send to you and make it known to you? "If it please my father to do you harm, may the L-RD do so to Y’honathan and more also, if I do not make it known to you and send you away, that you may go in safety. And may the L-RD be with you as He has been with my father. And if I am still alive, will you not show me the loving kindness of the L-RD, that I may not die? "And you shall not cut off your loving kindness from my house forever, not even when the L-RD cuts off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth." So Y’honathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, "May the L-RD require it at the hands of David's enemies." And Y’honathan made David vow again because of his love for him, because he loved him as he loved his own life. Then Y’honathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon, and you will be missed because your seat will be empty. When you have stayed for three days, you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself on that eventful day, and you shall remain by the stone Ezel. (departure stone)

The three days are for a reason. ON the hidden level it is symbolic that David the type is not present and missing for three days and could be symbolic and pointing to the Son of David -Yeshua was in the tomb. In the future, G-d willing, if we get to the Tehillim study you will see how many times in David’s life and even in his speech in the spirit while going through his wilderness experience, and his sufferings, death and rising to his future reign points to our Messiah, the Son of David. The stone here, which David hides next to, may be symbolic of the stone that covered Yeshua tomb until his departure to the Father on morning of the third day.

Luke 24:2-8 And they found the stone rolled away from the tomb, but when they entered, they did not find the body of the Lord Yeshua. And it happened that while they were perplexed about this, look, two men suddenly stood near them in dazzling apparel; and as the women were terrified and bowed their faces to the ground, the men said to them, "Why do you seek the living One among the dead? "He is not here, but He has risen. Remember how He spoke to you while He was still in Galilee, saying that the Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. " And they remembered His words,

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:20-34 And I will shoot three arrows to the side, as though I shot at a target. And look, I will send the lad, saying, 'Go, find the arrows.' If I specifically say to the lad, 'Look, the arrows are on this side of you, get them,' then come; for there is safety for you and no harm, as the L-RD lives. But if I say to the youth, 'Look, the arrows are beyond you,' go, for the L-RD has sent you away. As for the agreement of which you and I have spoken, look, the L-RD is between you and me forever." So David hid in the field; and when the new moon came, the king sat down to eat food. And the king sat on his seat as usual, the seat by the wall; then Y’honathan rose up and Abner sat down by Sha’ul's side, but David's place was empty. Nevertheless Sha’ul did not speak anything that day, for he thought, "It is an accident, he is not clean, surely he is not clean." And it came about the next day, the second day of the new moon, that David's place was empty; so Sha’ul said to Y’honathan his son, "Why has the son of Jesse not come to the meal, either yesterday or today?" Y’honathan then answered Sha’ul, "David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem, for he said,' Please let me go, since our family has a sacrifice in the city, and my brother has commanded me to attend. And now, if I have found favor in your sight, please let me get away that I may see my brothers.' For this reason he has not come to the king's table. " Then Sha’ul's anger burned against Y’honathan and he said to him, "You son of a perverse, rebellious woman! Do I not know that you are choosing the son of Yishai (Jesse) to your own shame and to the shame of your mother's nakedness? "For as long as the son of Yishai (Jesse) lives on the earth, neither you nor your kingdom will be established. Therefore now, send and bring him to me, for he must surely die." But Y’honathan answered Sha’ul his father and said to him, "Why should he be put to death? What has he done?" Then Sha’ul hurled his spear at him to strike him down; so Y’honathan knew that his father had decided to put David to death. Then Y’honathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did not eat food on the second day of the new moon, for he was grieved over David because his father had dishonored him.

Here is Shaul’s attempt to kill David the type of Messiah pointing to the Son of David Yeshua who was also conspired against and people sought to have him killed. We also get the same kind of response from Y’honathan that we get from the accusations against Yeshua-What has he done? He was innocent of any wrong. We also see Johnathan get ridiculed because of his love for David and for believing him to be the anointed one which comes also to those who believe in the Son of David Yeshua who was and is the anointed one.

Luke 23:13-15 And Pilate summoned the chief priests and the rulers and the people, and said to them, "You brought this man to me as one who incites the people to rebellion, and look, having examined Him before you, I have found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him. "No, nor has Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and look, nothing deserving death has been done by Him.

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:35-39 Now it came about in the morning that Y’honathan went out into the field for the appointment with David, and a little lad was with him. And he said to his lad, "Run, find now the arrows which I am about to shoot." As the lad was running, he shot an arrow past him. When the lad reached the place of the arrow which Y’honathan had shot, Y’honathan called after the lad, and said, "Is not the arrow beyond you?" And Y’honathan called after the lad, "Hurry, be quick, do not stay!" And Y’honathan's lad picked up the arrow and came to his master. But the lad was not aware of anything; only Y’honathan and David knew about the matter.

The bow and arrow were usually used to kill but here it is used to save David. The father also used the execution stake in the same manner, it was used to kill but was used to save others with the son of David –Yeshua.

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:40-41 Then Y’honathan gave his weapons to his lad and said to him, "Go, bring them to the city." When the lad was gone, David rose from the south side and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed three times. And they kissed each other and wept together, but David more.

David bowed showing Y’honathan honor because he was a prince.

Sh’mu’el Alef 20:42 And Y’honathan said to David, "Go in safety, inasmuch as we have sworn to each other in the name of the L-RD, saying, 'The L-RD will be between me and you, and between my descendants and your descendants forever.'" Then he rose and departed, while Y’honathan went into the city.