The corresponding letter to this chapter is Tahv – truth; perfection
Sh’mu’el Alef 22:1-2 So David departed from there and escaped to the cave of ‘Adulam; and when his brothers and all his father's household heard of it, they went down there to him. And everyone who was in distress, and everyone who was in debt, and everyone who was discontented, gathered to him; and he became captain over them. Now there were about four hundred men with him.
David was in distress, poor and discontent. He could comfort those who were also in distress, debt and in discontent. Sometimes those that serve Yeshua HaMashiach go through a hard time for his namesake and because we follow Him and tell the truth.
1 Corinthians 4:9-13 For it seems to me that G-d has put us apostles on display at the end of the procession, like men condemned to die in the arena. We have been made a spectacle to the whole universe, to angels as well as to men. We are fools for Messiah, but you are so wise in Messiah! We are weak, but you are strong! You are honored, we are dishonored! To this very hour we go hungry and thirsty, we are in rags, we are brutally treated, we are homeless. We work hard with our own hands. When we are cursed, we bless; when we are persecuted, we endure it; when we are slandered, we answer kindly. Up to this moment we have become the scum of the earth, the refuse of the world.
Sh’mu’el Alef 22:3-4 And David went from there to Mizpah of Mo’av; and he said to the king of Mo’av, "Please let my father and my mother come and stay with you until I know what G-d will do for me." Then he left them with the king of Mo’av; and they stayed with him all the time that David was in the stronghold.
David was concerned for the welfare of his parents and wanted them to be somewhere safe and comfortable during this uncertain time. He was following the commandment of G-d to “Honor his father and mother”.
Sh’mu’el Alef 22:5-14 And the prophet Gad said to David, "Do not stay in the stronghold; depart, and go into the land of Y’hudah." So David departed and went into the forest of Hereth. Then Sha’ul heard that David and the men who were with him had been discovered. Now Sha’ul was sitting in Gibeah, under the tamarisk tree on the height with his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing around him. And Sha’ul said to his servants who stood around him, "Hear now, O Benjamites! Will the son of Yishai also give to all of you fields and vineyards? Will he make you all commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? "For all of you have conspired against me so that there is no one who discloses to me when my son makes a covenant with the son of Yishai, and there is none of you who is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to lie in ambush, as it is this day." Then Doeg the Edomite, who was standing by the servants of Sha’ul, answered and said, "I saw the son of Yishai coming to Nov, to Achimelekh the son of Achituv. And he inquired of the L-RD for him, gave him provisions, and gave him the sword of Golyat the P’lishti." Then the king sent someone to summon Achimelekh the priest, the son of Achituv, and all his father's household, the priests who were in Nov; and all of them came to the king. And Sha’ul said, "Listen now, son of Achituv." And he answered, "Here I am, my lord." Sha’ul then said to him, "Why have you and the son of Yishai conspired against me, in that you have given him bread and a sword and have inquired of G-d for him, that he should rise up against me by lying in ambush as it is this day?" Then Achimelekh answered the king and said, "And who among all your servants is as faithful as David, even the king's son-in-law, who is captain over your guard, and is honored in your house?
Sometimes the truth is not very popular. (1 Samuel 2:31 is fulfilled)
Sh’mu’el Alef 22:15-22 "Did I just begin to inquire of G-d for him today? Far be it from me! Do not let the king impute anything to his servant or to any of the household of my father, for your servant knows nothing at all of this whole affair." But the king said, "You shall surely die, Achimelekh, you and all your father's household!" And the king said to the guards who were attending him, "Turn around and put the priests of the L-RD to death, because their hand also is with David and because they knew that he was fleeing and did not reveal it to me." But the servants of the king were not willing to put forth their hands to attack the priests of the L-RD. Then the king said to Doeg, "You turn around and attack the priests." And Doeg the Edomi turned around and attacked the priests, and he killed that day eighty-five men who wore the linen ephod. And he struck Nov the city of the priests with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and infants; also oxen, donkeys, and sheep, he struck with the edge of the sword. But one son of Achimelekh the son of Achituv, named Avyatar, escaped and fled after David. And Avyatar told David that Sha’ul had killed the priests of the L-RD. Then David said to Avyatar, "I knew on that day, when Doeg the Edomi was there, that he would surely tell Sha’ul. I have brought about the death of every person in your father's household.
Sha’ul is out to get David and anyone who tries to help him. Notice the Israelites soldiers still had respect for the priests and would not obey Sha’uls command to kill them. The Edomi who did not have the same respect for the priesthood were used to carry out Sha’uls wicked command. David acknowledges the consequences of his lie in 1 Samuel 21:2, telling him he was on business for the King.
Sh’mu’el Alef 22:23 Stay with me, do not be afraid, for he who seeks my life seeks your life; for you are safe with me."
David assumes responsibility for Avyatars protection.