The corresponding letter to this chapter is Beit – house; duality as in husband and wife; also division between good and evil, etc.
Sh’mu’el Alef 24:1-4 Now it came about when Sha’ul returned from pursuing the P’lishtim, he was told, saying, "Look, David is in the wilderness of Ein-Gedi." Then Sha’ul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel, and went to seek David and his men in front of the Rocks of the Wild Goats. And he came to the sheepfolds on the way, where there was a cave; and Sha’ul went in to relieve himself. Now David and his men were sitting in the inner recesses of the cave. And the men of David said to him, "Look, this is the day of which the L-RD said to you, 'Look; I am about to give your enemy into your hand, and you shall do to him as it seems good to you.'" Then David arose and cut off the edge of Sha’ul's robe secretly.
Imagine that…David was close enough to Sha’ul that he could have easily killed him. He was literally caught with his pants down. But David does not wish to harm the king.
Part of Sha’ul’s robe torn off is a foreshadowing of Yeshua’s clothes taken off as prophesied in scripture. Again, the type does not have to be exactly like what happens to the real deal.
Tehillim (Psalms) 22:16-18 For dogs have surrounded me; A band of evildoers has encompassed me; They pierced my hands and my feet. I can count all my bones. They look, they stare at me; They divide my garments among them, And for my clothing they cast lots.
Sh’mu’el Alef 24:5-7 And it came about afterward that David's conscience bothered him because he had cut off the edge of Sha’ul's robe. So he said to his men, "Far be it from me because of the L-RD that I should do this thing to my lord, the L-rd's anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, since he is the L-rd's anointed." And David persuaded his men with these words and did not allow them to rise up against Sha’ul. And Sha’ul arose, left the cave, and went on his way.
David knew that Sha’ul was King because the L-rd G-d allowed him to be King. David had respect for G-d’s choice and respect for the anointed one. Yeshua HaMashiach is the “anointed” one and will be King one day in Israel. Like, David do you respect G-d’s choice in this?
Sh’mu’el Alef 24:8-12 Now afterward David arose and went out of the cave and called after Sha’ul, saying, "My lord the king!" And when Sha’ul looked behind him, David bowed with his face to the ground and prostrated himself. And David said to Sha’ul, "Why do you listen to the words of men, saying, 'Look, David seeks to harm you'? "Look, this day your eyes have seen that the L-RD had given you today into my hand in the cave, and some said to kill you, but my eye had pity on you; and I said, 'I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the L-rd's anointed.' "Now, my father, see! Indeed, see the edge of your robe in my hand! For in that I cut off the edge of your robe and did not kill you, know and perceive that there is no evil or rebellion in my hands, and I have not sinned against you, though you are lying in wait for my life to take it. May the L-RD judge between you and me, and may the L-RD avenge me on you; but my hand shall not be against you.
Vengeance is mine says the L-rd. When people wrong us we should not take our own vengeance on them. We should give it to the L-rd. He can deal with them much better than we can.
Sh’mu’el Alef 24:13-22 As the proverb of the ancients says, 'Out of the wicked comes forth wickedness'; but my hand shall not be against you. After whom has the king of Israel come out? Whom are you pursuing? A dead dog, a single flea? "The L-RD therefore be judge and decide between you and me; and may He see and plead my cause, and deliver me from your hand." Now it came about when David had finished speaking these words to Sha’ul, that Sha’ul said, "Is this your voice, my son David?" Then Sha’ul lifted up his voice and wept. And he said to David, "You are more righteous (good) than I; for you have dealt well with me, while I have dealt wickedly (evil) with you. And you have declared today that you have done good to me, that the L-RD delivered me into your hand and yet you did not kill me. For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him go away safely? May the L-RD therefore reward you with good in return for what you have done to me this day. And now, look, I know that you shall surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand. So now swear to me by the L-RD that you will not cut off my descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name from my father's “HOUSEHOLD." And David swore to Sha’ul. And Sha’ul went to his home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold.