Sh’mu’el Alef (1 Samuel) Chapter 25

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Gimel –lovingkindness; culmination, as in planting a seed and caring for it until it matures.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:1 Then Sh’mu’el died; and all Israel gathered together and mourned for him, and buried him at his house in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the wilderness of Paran.

Sh’mu’el has gone on to his reward. Some believe that Sh’mu’el was the author of the books of Sh’mu’el. He may have contributed to the earlier chapters but with his death recorded here it is obvious that he is not the only author.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:2-3 Now there was a man in Maon whose business was in Karmel; and the man was very rich, and he had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And it came about while he was shearing his sheep in Karmel (now the man's name was Naval, and his wife's name was Avigayil. And the woman was intelligent and beautiful in appearance, but the man was harsh and evil in his dealings, and he was a Calebite),

Naval means “Fool”. We will soon see how he lives up to his name. He was a descendant of Caleb but does not possess the same character qualities as Caleb.

Avigayil means, “My father is joy”.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:4-5 that David heard in the wilderness that Naval was shearing his sheep. So David sent ten young men, and David said to the young men, "Go up to Karmel, visit Naval and greet him in my name;

Greet him in my name – When we pray we are to pray in the name of the son of David, Yeshua. When we pray in Yeshua’s name we are not coming before HaShem in our name. We come before Him with the power and authority of Yeshua HaMashiach. Just as David’s servants go to Naval in the name of David.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:6-8 and this is what you will say,' Have a long life, peace be to you, and peace be to your house, and peace be to all that you have. 'And now I have heard that you have shearers; now your shepherds have been with us and we have not insulted them, nor have they missed anything all the days they were in Karmel. 'Ask your young men and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we have come on a festive day. Please give whatever you find at hand to your servants and to your son David.' "

David’s men had been protecting Naval’s shepards and rightly deserved to be compensated.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:9-13 When David's young men came, they spoke to Naval according to all these words in David's name; then they waited. But Naval answered David's servants, and said, "Who is David? And who is the son of Yishai? There are many servants today who are each breaking away from his master. Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have slaughtered for my shearers, and give it to men whose origin I do not know?" So David's young men retraced their way and went back; and they came and told him according to all these words. And David said to his men, "Each of you gird on his sword." So each man girded on his sword. And David also girded on his sword, and about four hundred men went up behind David while two hundred stayed with the baggage.

Naval was a fool. He could easily compensated David and his men but he chose to ignore the request and sent the men away. Now he as angered David and will face his wrath.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:14-17 But one of the young men told Avigayil, Naval's wife, saying, "Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master, and he scorned them. Yet the men were very good to us, and we were not insulted, nor did we miss anything as long as we went about with them, while we were in the fields. They were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the time we were with them tending the sheep. Now therefore, know and consider what you should do, for evil is plotted against our master and against all his household; and he is such a worthless man that no one can speak to him."

Have you ever worked for a guy like Naval? His own men know his is worthless and because of this all of their lives are in jeopardy. He did the only thing he could do at this point and he alerted Avigayil to the situation in hopes that she could intervene in some way.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:18 Then Avigayil hurried and took two hundred loaves of bread and two jugs of wine and five sheep already prepared and five measures of roasted grain and a hundred clusters of raisins and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys. And she said to her young men, "Go on before me; look, I am coming after you." But she did not tell her husband Naval. And it came about as she was riding on her donkey and coming down by the hidden part of the mountain, that look, David and his men were coming down toward her; so she met them.

It is clear that Abigal ran her household and she quickly assembled a feast for David in hope of preventing a massacre .

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:21-22 Now David had said, "Surely in vain I have guarded all that this man has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belonged to him; and he has returned me evil for good. May G-d do so to the enemies of David, and more also, if by morning I leave as much as one male of any who belong to him."

David is really hot under the color and Naval is as good as dead.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:23-31 When Avigayil saw David; she hurried and dismounted from her donkey, and fell on her face before David, and bowed herself to the ground. And she fell at his feet and said, "On me alone, my lord, be the blame. And please let your maidservant speak to you, and listen to the words of your maidservant. Please do not let my lord pay attention to this worthless man, Naval, for as his name is, so is he. Naval is his name and folly is with him; but I your maidservant did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent. Now therefore, my lord, as the L-RD lives, and as your soul lives, since the L-RD has restrained you from shedding blood, and from avenging yourself by your own hand, now then let your enemies, and those who seek evil against my lord, be as Naval. And now let this gift which your maidservant has brought to my lord be given to the young men who accompany my lord. Please forgive the transgression of your maidservant; for the L-RD will certainly make for my lord an enduring house, because my lord is fighting the battles of the L-RD, and evil shall not be found in you all your days. And should anyone rise up to pursue you and to seek your life, then the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the L-RD your G-d; but the lives of your enemies He will sling out as from the hollow of a sling. And it shall come about when the L-RD shall do for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and shall appoint you ruler over Israel, that this will not cause grief or a troubled heart to my lord, both by having shed blood without cause and by my lord having avenged himself. When the L-RD shall deal well with my lord, then remember your maidservant. "

She humbles herself before David and she begs him to put the blame on her. She also acknowledges that her husband is a worthless fellow.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:32-35 Then David said to Avigayil, "Blessed be the L-RD G-d of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me, and blessed be your discernment, and blessed be you, who have kept me this day from bloodshed, and from avenging myself by my own hand. Nevertheless, as the L-RD G-d of Israel lives, who has restrained me from harming you, unless you had come quickly to meet me, surely there would not have been left to Naval until the morning light as much as one male." So David received from her hand what she had brought him, and he said to her, "Go up to your house in peace. See, I have listened to you and granted your request."

David shows her lovingkindness even though her husband had rejected David. Many have rejected the coming King of Israel but He will still show them lovingkindness and protect them when He returns. What is his name? Or his son’s name? Surely you know.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:36-39 Then Avigayil came to Naval, and look, he was holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Naval's heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk; so she did not tell him anything at all until the morning light. But it came about in the morning, when the wine had gone out of Naval, that his wife told him these things, and his heart died within him so that he became as a stone. And about ten days later, it happened that the L-RD struck Naval, and he died. When David heard that Naval was dead, he said, "Blessed be the L-RD, who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Naval, and has kept back His servant from evil. The L-RD has also returned the evildoing of Naval on his own head." Then David sent a proposal to Avigayil, to take her as his wife.

Naval was struck dead by the L-rd instead of David. David wastes no time in proposing marriage to this Godly woman. He knows she will be an asset to him and not a liability.

Sh’mu’el Alef 25:40-44 When the servants of David came to Avigayil at Karmel, they spoke to her, saying, "David has sent us to you, to take you as his wife." And she arose and bowed with her face to the ground and said, "Look, your maidservant is a maid to wash the feet of my lord's servants." Then Avigayil quickly arose, and rode on a donkey, with her five maidens who attended her; and she followed the messengers of David, and became his wife. David had also taken Ahinoam of Jezreel, and they both became his wives. Now Saul had given Mikhal his daughter, David's wife, to Palti the son of Layish, who was from Gallim.

This was forbidden but the L-rd obviously allowed it. There are always consequences. Not only to David but also to his son Solomon. Surely he must have been influenced by his father and the wives he had. It made him want many wives of his own and when he did it made him turn his heart from the true G-d. His different wives and the gods that they followed began to influence Solomon’s heart.

Deuteronomy 17:15-20 you shall surely set a king over you whom the L-RD your G-d chooses, one from among your countrymen you shall set as king over yourselves; you may not put a foreigner over yourselves who is not your countryman. Moreover, he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor shall he cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, since the L-RD has said to you, 'You shall never again return that way.' "Neither shall he MULTIPLY WIVES for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself. "Now it shall come about when he sits on the throne of his kingdom, he shall write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests. And it shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the L-RD his G-d, by carefully observing all the words of this law and these statutes, that his heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, to the right or the left; in order that he and his sons may continue long in his kingdom in the midst of Israel.