The corresponding letter to this chapter is Hay-breath; Spirit of G-d.
Sh’mu’el Alef 5:1-2 Now the P’lishtim took the ark of G-d and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. Then the P’lishtim took the ark of G-d and brought it to the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.
Dagon was the fish god.
Sh’mu’el Alef 5:3-4 When the Ashdodites arose early the next morning, look, Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of the L-RD. So they took Dagon and set him in his place again.
This is rather humorous. The idol of the fish god, Dagon, is bowing before the ark of the L-rd because the Ruach HaKodesh was dwelling there. This was a clear message to the P’lishtim that their god was inferior to the G-d of the Israelites.
Sh’mu’el Alef 5:4-5 But when they arose early the next morning, look, Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of the L-RD. And the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off on the threshold; only the trunk of Dagon was left to him. Therefore neither the priests of Dagon nor all who enter Dagon's house tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this day.
So things get worse the next day. Dagon takes a beating and he is headless and handless. A message that tells us he is not able to lift a finger against the G-d of Israel or utter a thing against them.
Philippians 2:9-11Therefore also G-d highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, that at the name of Yeshua every knee should bow, of those who are in heaven, and on earth, and under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Yeshua HaMashiach is L-rd, to the glory of G-d the Father.
Sh’mu’el Alef 5:6-7 Now the hand of the L-RD was heavy on the Ashdodites, and He ravaged them and smote them with tumors, both Ashdod and its territories. When the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, "The ark of the G-d of Israel must not remain with us, for His hand is severe on us and on Dagon our god."
Tumors – this is thought by some to be the bubonic plague. As we continue reading through this story notice the mention to rats and the way the people are devastated.
Sh’mu’el Alef 5:8-9 So they sent and gathered all the lords of the P’lishtim to them and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the G-d of Israel?" And they said, "Let the ark of the G-d of Israel be brought around to Gat." And they brought the ark of the G-d of Israel around. And it came about that after they had brought it around, the hand of the L-RD was against the city with very great confusion; and He smote the men of the city, both young and old, so that tumors broke out on them.
So when the ark is moved to Gat the plague also comes upon the people of Gat.
Sh’mu’el Alef 5:10-12 So they sent the ark of G-d to Ekron. And it happened as the ark of G-d came to Ekron that the Ekronites cried out, saying, "They have brought the ark of the G-d of Israel around to us, to kill us and our people." They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the P’lishtim and said, "Send away the ark of the G-d of Israel, and let it return to its own place, that it may not kill us and our people." For there was a deadly confusion throughout the city; the hand of G-d was very heavy there. And the men who did not die were smitten with tumors and the cry of the city went up to heaven.
The ark is on the move again and people of Ekron are now faced with the plague.
This will happen in the future when what the arc of the covenant represents that is Yeshua returns among the nations.
Revelation 16:11and they blasphemed the G-d of heaven because of their pains and their sores; and they did not repent of their deeds.
Revelation 9:20 And the rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons, and the idols of gold and of silver and of brass and of stone and of wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk;