The corresponding letter to this chapter is Chet- new beginning; new life; a metaphysical letter above this existence.
Sh’mu’el Alef 8:1 And it came about when Sh’mu’el was old that he appointed his sons judges over Israel.
Sh’mu’el’s sons did not last long judging Israel.
Sh’mu’el Alef 8:2-7 Now the name of his first-born was Yoel (Joel), and the name of his second, Aviyah (Abijah); they were judging in Be’er-Sheva. His sons, however, did not walk in his ways, but turned aside after dishonest gain and took bribes and perverted justice. Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Sh’mu’el at Ramah; and they said to him, "Look, you have grown old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint a king for us to judge us like all the nations." But the thing was displeasing in the sight of Sh’mu’el when they said, "Give us a king to judge us." And Sh’mu’el prayed to the L-RD. And the L-RD said to Sh’mu’el, "Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king over them.
Sh’mu’el was a godly man and would have had a godly home to raise his sons in. Sadly, they chose to not follow G-d. This must have broken Sh’mu’el’s heart.
This is more truthful than Israel realized for the total fulfillment of the future Davidic covenant will be a seed of David and a son of the most High, that is Yeshua. Israel was asking for a totally human King to rule over them. As a nation they still are looking for a totally human King to rule over them. It is the L-rd G-d’s desire to rule over them and to dwell among His people because He loves us so. Yeshua HaMashiach will fulfill this role not only as just totally human, but also totally divine. His kingdom will have no end. He will one day rule and be among all His people. He will rule in perfect righteousness, unlike the kings of the earth, and unlike the past kings of Israel. This is again a contrast between Him and us. One day we too will reach perfection and sin no more. This does not mean we will ever become divine or on the same level as the Father or the son.
Sh’mu’el Alef 8:8-22 Like all the deeds which they have done since the day that I brought them up from Egypt even to this day-- in that they have forsaken Me and served other gods-- so they are doing to you also. Now then, listen to their voice; however, you shall solemnly warn them and tell them of the procedure of the king who will reign over them." So Sh’mu’el spoke all the words of the L-RD to the people who had asked of him a king. And he said, "This will be the procedure of the king who will reign over you: he will take your sons and place them for himself in his chariots and among his horsemen and they will run before his chariots. And he will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and of fifties, and some to do his plowing and to reap his harvest and to make his weapons of war and equipment for his chariots. He will also take your daughters for perfumers and cooks and bakers. And he will take the best of your fields and your vineyards and your olive groves, and give them to his servants. And he will take a tenth of your seed and of your vineyards, and give to his officers and to his servants. He will also take your male servants and your female servants and your best young men and your donkeys, and use them for his work. He will take a tenth of your flocks, and you yourselves will become his servants. Then you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves, but the L-RD will not answer you in that day." Nevertheless, the people refused to listen to the voice of Sh’mu’el, and they said, "No, but there shall be a king over us, that we also may be like all the nations, that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles. " Now after Sh’mu’el had heard all the words of the people, he repeated them in the L-rd's hearing. And the L-RD said to Sh’mu’el, "Listen to their voice, and appoint them a king." So Sh’mu’el said to the men of Israel, "Go every man to his city."
Why did G-d allowed this? One reason, if you desire to continue in sin the L-rd G-d will turn you over to it. Another reason was He wanted them to learn the consequences of having a King who was not like Him to rule over Israel. Do you think this lesson has been learned yet? Or will there still be another whom will take the L-rd’s place because this lesson as not been learned. Anyway, we enter a new era of when Kings ruled over Israel. They too would be a type of Yeshua HaMashiach. They would be anointed and conquer and rule like Yeshua will rule. Saul and David will be a foreshadowing and only a taste of those that Yeshua will conquer. Shlomo (Solomon) will rule in peace foreshadowing only a taste of the rule of peace that Yeshua will have for one thousand years.