SH'MU'EL BET (2 Samuel) Chapter 10

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Yod- a metaphysical and Divine letter meaning hand – the right hand of G-d.

Sh’mu’el Bet 10:1-4 Now it happened afterwards that the king of the people of ‘Amon died, and Hanun his son became king in his place. Then David said, "I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nachash, just as his father showed kindness to me." So David sent some of his servants to console him concerning his father. But when David's servants came to the land of the ‘Amonites, the princes of the ‘Amonites said to Hanun their lord, "Do you think that David is honoring your father because he has sent consolers to you? Has David not sent his servants to you in order to search the city, to spy it out and overthrow it?" So Hanun took David's servants and shaved off half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle as far as their hips, and sent them away.

To cut off half their beards and to cut their robes so that their backsides were exposed was an insult and a sign of submission.

All these men were a type of Messiah. Yeshua’s beard was ripped away and garments torn too. Yeshua fulfilled the prophetic words spoken by Isaiah when he received bad treatment.

Yesha’yahu (Isaiah) 50:6 I gave My back to those who strike Me, And My cheeks to those who pluck out the beard; I did not cover My face from humiliation and spitting.

Luke 18:31-33 And He took the twelve aside and said to them, "Look, we are going up to Yerushalayim, and all things which are written through the prophets about the Son of Man will be accomplished. "For He will be delivered to the Gentiles, and will be mocked and mistreated and spit upon, and after they have scourged Him, they will kill Him; and the third day He will rise again. "

Sh’mu’el Bet 10:5-6 When they told it to David, he sent to meet them, for the men were greatly humiliated. And the king said, "Stay at Yericho until your beards grow, and then return." Now when the sons of ‘Amon saw that they had become odious to David, the sons of ‘Amon sent and hired the Aram of Beit-Rechov and the Aram of Tzovah, 20,000 foot soldiers, and the king of Ma’akhah with 1,000 men, and the men of Tov with 12,000 men.

Yericho would be the first town they came to when arriving back in Israel.

What else did thepeople of ‘Amon expect? They had poor judgment and mistreated the original envoy from David. Now, they could expect nothing less than full retaliation from Israel.

Sh’mu’el Bet 10:7-16 When David heard of it, he sent Yo’av and all the army, the mighty men. And the sons of ‘Amon came out and drew up in battle array at the entrance of the city, while the Aram of Tzovah and of Rechov and the men of Tov and Ma’akhah were by themselves in the field. Now when Yo’av saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he selected from all the choice men of Israel, and arrayed them against the Aram. But the remainder of the people he placed in the hand of Avishai his brother, and he arrayed them against the sons of ‘Amon. And he said, "If the Aram are too strong for me, then you shall help me, but if the sons of ‘Amon are too strong for you, then I will come to help you. Be strong, and let us show ourselves courageous for the sake of our people and for the cities of our G-d; and may the L-RD do what is good in His sight." So Yo’av and the people who were with him drew near to the battle against the Aram, and they fled before him. When the sons of ‘Amon saw that the Aram fled, they also fled before Yerushalayim and entered the city. Then Yo’av returned from fighting against the sons of ‘Amon and came to Yerushalayim. When the Aram saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together. And Hadad’ezer sent and brought out the Aram who were beyond the River, and they came to Heilam; and Shovakh the commander of the army of Hadad’ezer led them.

The Israelites were being attacked from two different directions and the army spit into two groups. The first group was under Yo’av and the second group fought under the command of Avishai the brother of Yo’av. So the first battle went to Israel, but the war was not over.

Sh’mu’el Bet 10:17-19 Now when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together and crossed the Yarden, and came to Heilam. And the Aram arrayed themselves to meet David and fought against him. But the Aram fled before Israel, and David killed 700 charioteers of the Aram and 40,000 horsemen and struck down Shovakh the commander of their army, and he died there. When all the kings, servants of Hadad’ezer, saw that they were defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Aram feared to help the sons of ‘Amon anymore.

Now David, a man of war, leads the troops himself against the invaders. The enemy was defeated under David’s leadership.

The L-rd G-d again makes David victorious. In the future, He will make the son of David, Yeshua victorious not unlike David.

Hebrews 1:1-14 Long ago God spoke in many different ways to our fathers through the prophets [in visions, dreams, and even face to face], telling them little by little about his plans. But now in these days he has spoken to us through his Son to whom he has given everything and through whom he made the world and everything there is. G-d's Son shines out with G-d's glory, and all that G-d's Son is and does marks him as G-d. He regulates the universe by the mighty power of his command. He is the one who died to cleanse us and clear our record of all sin, and then sat down in highest honor beside the great G-d of heaven. Thus he became far greater than the angels, as proved by the fact that his name "Son of G-d," which was passed on to him from his Father, is far greater than the names and titles of the angels. For G-d never said to any angel, "You are my Son, and today I have given you the honor that goes with that name." But G-d said it about Yeshua. Another time he said, "I am his Father and he is my Son." And still another time-when his firstborn Son came to earth-G-d said, "Let all the angels of G-d worship him." G-d speaks of his angels as messengers swift as the wind and as servants made of flaming fire; but of his Son he says, "Your Kingdom, O G-d, will last forever and ever; its commands are always just and right. You love right and hate wrong; so G-d, even your G-d, has poured out more gladness upon you than on anyone else." G-d also called him "L-rd" when he said, "L-rd, in the beginning you made the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They will disappear into nothingness, but you will remain forever. They will become worn out like old clothes, and some day you will fold them up and replace them. But you yourself will never change, and your years will never end." And did G-d ever say to an angel, as he does to his Son, "Sit here beside me in honor until I crush all your enemies beneath your feet"? No, for the angels are only spirit-messengers sent out to help and care for those who are to receive his salvation.