SH'MU'EL BET (2 Samuel) Chapter 11

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Koph – crowning accomplishment.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:1 Then it happened in the spring, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Yo’av and his servants with him and all Israel, and they destroyed the sons of ‘Amon and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed at Yerushalayim.

In the spring – This was a good time of the year to go to war. The weather was good and at that time the army also had to look for food along the way and there would be plenty to eat. David had gotten soft. He stays back in the comfort of his palace instead of joining the troops on the battlefield.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:2-4 Now when evening came David arose from his bed and walked around on the roof of the king's house, and from the roof he saw a woman bathing; and the woman was very beautiful in appearance. So David sent and inquired about the woman. And one said, "Is this not Bat-Sheva, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriyah the Hitti?" And David sent messengers and took her, and when she came to him, he lay with her; and when she had purified herself from her uncleanness, she returned to her house.

It only took one look. David was not a perfect King and lacked a moment of self-control. There is no sign that Bet-Sheva rejected David’s advances. Perhaps she was afraid of his position but it appears that she was a willing participant.

This shows us a need for a King who is perfect. In contrast to David, Yeshua fulfills this need.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:5-11 And the woman conceived; and she sent and told David, and said, "I am pregnant." Then David sent to Yo’av, saying, "Send me Uriyah the Hitti." So Yo’av sent Uriyah to David. When Uriyah came to him, David asked concerning the welfare of Yo’av and the people and the state of the war. Then David said to Uriyah, "Go down to your house, and wash your feet." And Uriyah went out of the king's house, and a present from the king was sent out after him. But Uriyah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and did not go down to his house. Now when they told David, saying, "Uriyah did not go down to his house," David said to Uriyah, "Have you not come from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?" And Uriyah said to David, "The ark and Israel and Judah are staying in temporary shelters, and my lord Yo’av and the servants of my lord are camping in the open field. Shall I then go to my house to eat and to drink and to lie with my wife? By your life and the life of your soul, I will not do this thing."

When David learns that she is pregnant he first thoughts are to have her sleep with her husband as soon as possible so he would think the baby was his. According to the law both David and Bat-Sheva could be put to death. (Just imagine if this law was enforced today.)

Vayikra (Leviticus) 20:10 'If there is a man who commits adultery with another man's wife, one who commits adultery with his friend's wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death.

A man who would not enjoy the comforts of home when his people were not doing the same was surely an honorable man.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:12-13 Then David said to Uriyah, "Stay here today also, and tomorrow I will let you go." So Uriyah remained in Yerushalayim that day and the next. Now David called him, and he ate and drank before him, and he made him drunk; and in the evening he went out to lie on his bed with his lord's servants, but he did not go down to his house.

Now David is really starting to sweat. He gets him drunk and assumes that in a drunken state Uriyah would go home and sleep with his wife. Again David’s plans were thwarted.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:14-15 Now it came about in the morning that David wrote a letter to Yo’av, and sent it by the hand of Uriyah. And he had written in the letter, saying, "Place Uriyah in the front line of the fiercest battle and withdraw from him, so that he may be struck down and die."

Ok, David is really desperate now. He decides it is time to bump off Uriyah and then he can marry Bet-Sheva. Every one would think that his death was an act of war and they would assume the baby was David’s. Imagine what Yo’av must have thought when he is given this message from David. I am sure because of the deliberate move to pull troops back from Uriyah, more Israelites died needlessly with Uriyah.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:16-21So it was as Yo’av kept watch on the city, that he put Uriyah at the place where he knew there were valiant men. And the men of the city went out and fought against Yo’av, and some of the people among David's servants fell; and Uriyah the Hitti also died. Then Yo’av sent and reported to David all the events of the war. And he charged the messenger, saying, "When you have finished telling all the events of the war to the king, and if it happens that the king's wrath rises and he says to you,' Why did you go so near to the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall? 'Who struck down Avimelekh the son of Yerubeshet? Did not a woman throw an upper millstone on him from the wall so that he died at Tevetz? Why did you go so near the wall?'-- Then you shall say,' Your servant Uriyah the Hitti is dead also.' "

So David breathes a sigh of relief and thinks that his troubles are over and no one would be the wiser. He forgot that G-d saw the whole thing.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:22-25 So the messenger departed and came and reported to David all that Yo’av had sent him to tell. And the messenger said to David, "The men prevailed against us and came out against us in the field, but we pressed them as far as the entrance of the gate. Moreover, the archers shot at your servants from the wall; so some of the king's servants are dead, and your servant Uriyah the Hitti is also dead." Then David said to the messenger, "Thus you shall say to Yo’av, 'Do not let this thing displease you, for the sword devours one as well as another; make your battle against the city stronger and overthrow it'; and so encourage him."

David sends back a pep talk message to Yo’av to rally the troops and vanquish the enemy.

Sh’mu’el Bet 11:26-27 Now when the wife of Uriyah heard that Uriyah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband. When the time of mourning was over, David sent and brought her to his house and she became his wife; then she bore him a son. But the thing that David had done was evil in the sight of the L-RD.

When the time of mourning was over – this was customarily 7 days. So Uriyah was not even cold when she was married off to David.

David committed a grievous sin to cover up another sin. He also coveted a wife of a man who was his honorable servant and who was willing to die for him. A just and righteous L-rd could not let this go by. Not only for Uriyah but also for the sake of David himself. After all this can you believe G-d in his mercy actually allows the line of David that leads to Yeshua HaMashiach still comes through David and Bat-Sheva? The L-rd G-d did say the line would continue to one of his line to rule forever no matter what.