The corresponding letter to this chapter is Lamed – teaching and learning.
Chapter 11 discussed the sin of David with Bat-Sheva and the chapter ended with the words.
2 Sh’mu’el Bet 11:27 “…But the thing that David had done was evil in the sight of the L-RD.”
Chapter 12 begins with the L-rd sending the prophet Natan to David.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:1-4 Then the L-RD sent Natan to David. And he came to him, and said, "There were two men in one city, the one rich and the other poor. "The rich man had a great many flocks and herds. "But the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb which he bought and nourished; And it grew up together with him and his children. It would eat of his bread and drink of his cup and lie in his bosom, and was like a daughter to him. "Now a traveler came to the rich man, and he was unwilling to take from his own flock or his own herd, to prepare for the wayfarer who had come to him; rather he took the poor man's ewe lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him."
Wow – what a cruel hard hearted and unfeeling man this rich man was. Who would not be upset with the actions of the rich man after hearing this story.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:5-6 Then David's anger burned greatly against the man, and he said to Natan, "As the L-RD lives, surely the man who has done this deserves to die. And he must make restitution for the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing and had no compassion."
G-d really knew how to cut straight to David’s heart. Remember that David had been a shepherd and would have been very fond of his sheep. Not to mention this story probably brought to mind a favorite lamb that he raised and cared for. David was outraged. He was more upset with the actions of the rich man in the story than he was with his own actions toward Uriyah.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:7-12 Natan then said to David, "You are the man! Thus says the L-RD G-d of Israel, 'It is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Sha’ul. 'I also gave you your master's house and your master's wives into your care, and I gave you the house of Israel and Y’hudah; and if that had been too little, I would have added to you many more things like these! 'Why have you despised the word of the L-RD by doing evil in His sight? You have struck down Uriyah the Hitti with the sword, have taken his wife to be your wife, and have killed him with the sword of the sons of ‘Amon. 'Now therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken the wife of Uriyah the Hitti to be your wife.' "Thus says the L-RD, 'Look, I will raise up evil against you from your own household; I will even take your wives before your eyes, and give them to your companion, and he shall lie with your wives in broad daylight. 'Indeed you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel, and under the sun.' "
What sins did David commit? Do not covet, do not steal, do not commit adultery, do not murder.
David had to repay fourfold, as the law of G-d required for the repayment of the sheep.
Sh’mot (Exodus) 22:1 "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall pay five oxen for the ox and four sheep for the sheep.
The following chapters record the results of David’s sin and the punishment of G-d.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:13 Then David said to Natan, "I have sinned against the L-RD." And Natan said to David, "The L-RD also has taken away your sin; you shall not die.
David may have sinned but he always admitted when he had done wrong and was sensitive to sin when it was pointed out. His sentence could have been death just like David himself had described but G-d in his mercy took away his sin. Only G-d can take away our sin. The Father does the same when we deserve death because of our sin but he takes away our sin through his son Yeshua.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:14 However, because by this deed you have given occasion to the enemies of the L-RD to blaspheme, the child also that is born to you shall surely die."
David’s child dies because of his sin. His child also a type of Yeshua HaMashiach who is son of the Father but whose human nature dies because of our sin.
There are terrible consequences. The wages of sin is death but the gift of G-d is eternal life. David would see his son again in the other world. This tells us children who die before the age of accountability may receive eternal life. They may have to make a choice to except it however because the L-rd G-d does not force his mercy on anyone who does not want to receive it.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:15-23 So Natan went to his house. Then the L-RD struck the child that Uriyah's widow bore to David, so that he was very sick. David therefore inquired of G-d for the child; and David fasted and went and lay all night on the ground. And the elders of his household stood beside him in order to raise him up from the ground, but he was unwilling and would not eat food with them. Then it happened on the seventh day that the child died. And the servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead, for they said, "Look, while the child was still alive, we spoke to him and he did not listen to our voice. How then can we tell him that the child is dead, since he might do himself harm!" But when David saw that his servants were whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; so David said to his servants, "Is the child dead?" And they said, "He is dead." So David arose from the ground, washed, anointed himself, and changed his clothes; and he came into the house of the L-RD and worshiped. Then he came to his own house, and when he requested, they set food before him and he ate. Then his servants said to him, "What is this thing that you have done? While the child was alive, you fasted and wept; but when the child died, you arose and ate food." And he said, "While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept; for I said, 'Who knows, the L-RD may be gracious to me, that the child may live.' "But now he has died; why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he will not return to me."
Can you imagine how David must have felt? To know your child died as a result of your actions.
This child was a type of Yeshua HaMashiach. David could not bring the child back from the dead but the Father can bring back from the dead. David was a man who knew that our G-d is merciful and may have let the child live.
Yeshua is from this same line of David and ‘Bat-Sheva and was brought back again from the dead. This answered the question, Can I bring him back again? Through Yeshua many will be brought back again from the dead. So this question is very appropriate at this point in time. The line of Messiah would fulfill this question.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:24-25 Then David comforted his wife Bat-Sheva, and went in to her and lay with her; and she gave birth to a son, and he named him Shlomo. Now the L-RD loved him and sent word through Natan the prophet, and he named him Y’didyah for the L-rd's sake.
Y’didyah – means Loved by G-d.
The circumstances that brought about David and Bat-Sheva together did not come in the way of them having another son and the L-rd G-d loving this son as promised earlier.
Sh’mu’el Bet 12:26-31 Now Yo’av fought against Rabbah of the sons of ‘Amon, and captured the royal city. And Yo’av sent messengers to David and said, "I have fought against Rabbah, I have even captured the city of waters. Now therefore, gather the rest of the people together and camp against the city and capture it, lest I capture the city myself and it be named after me." So David gathered all the people and went to Rabbah, fought against it, and captured it. Then he took the crown of their king from his head; and its weight was a talent of gold, and in it was a precious stone; and it was placed on David's head. And he brought out the spoil of the city in great amounts. He also brought out the people who were in it, and set them under saws, sharp iron instruments, and iron axes, and made them pass through the brick kiln. And thus he did to all the cities of the sons of ‘Amon. Then David and all the people returned to Yerushalayim.
Weight was a talent of gold – this was about 75 pounds
WOW! This is a lot of weight to put on your head. It is hard to believe that someone would wear something so heavy.
Notice because of the death of his firstborn with ‘Bat-Sheva he is still victorious in battle. This is again an example of a type pointing to the Messiah. It is also foretold by the prophets and in the psalms. The death of the son of David brings about victory over death. The death of Yeshua, G-d’s son, brings victory over death for those of us true believers even though we are sinners. Unmerited favor from G-d toward David in this victory is also a picture of the new covenant through Yeshua. We are saved by mercy through faith, not of ourselves; it is a gift of G-d, not of works should any man boast. (Eph 2:9)
Some versions say they were put under work under these instruments. Other versions say they were put to death. This may seem cruel but the ‘Amonites would have received their own measure of judgment because they were cruel to their captives. (1 Sam. 11:2;Amos 1:13)