SH'MU'EL BET (2 Samuel) Chapter 18

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Tzaddi- righteous; knelling and standing

Sh'mu'el Bet 18:1-4 Then David numbered the people who were with him and set over them commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds. And David sent the people out, one-third under the command of Yo’av, one-third under the command of Avishai the son of Tz’ruyah, Yo’av's brother, and one-third under the command of Ittai the Gitti. And the king said to the people, "I myself will surely go out with you also." But the people said, "You should not go out; for if we indeed flee, they will not care about us, even if half of us die, they will not care about us. But you are worth ten thousand of us; therefore now it is better that you be ready to help us from the city." Then the king said to them, "Whatever seems best to you I will do." So the king stood beside the gate, and all the people went out by hundreds and thousands.

David divided the army and was going to go into battle with them but they insisted that he stay behind to ensure his safety.

Sh'mu'el Bet 18:5-8 And the king charged Yo’av and Avishai and Ittai, saying, "Deal gently for my sake with the young man Avshalom." And all the people heard when the king charged all the commanders concerning Avshalom. Then the people went out into the field against Israel, and the battle took place in the forest of Ephraim. And the people of Israel were defeated there before the servants of David, and the slaughter there that day was great, 20,000 men. For the battle there was spread over the whole countryside, and the forest devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.

Deal gently for my sake – even though Avshalom was trying to steal the throne away from his father David. David still loved his son and did not want to see him harmed. When we rebel against our heavenly father, he has every right to deal harshly with us but in most cases his shows us his incredible love for us and shows us mercy.

Sh'mu'el Bet 18:9-15 Now Avshalom happened to meet the servants of David. For Avshalom was riding on his mule, and the mule went under the thick branches of a great oak. And his head caught fast in the oak, so he was left hanging between heaven and earth, while the mule that was under him kept going. When a certain man saw it, he told Yo’av and said, "Look, I saw Avshalom hanging in an oak." Then Yo’av said to the man who had told him, "Now look, you saw him! Why then did you not strike him there to the ground? And I would have given you ten pieces of silver and a belt." And the man said to Yo’av, "Even if I should receive a thousand pieces of silver in my hand, I would not put out my hand against the king's son; for in our hearing the king charged you and Avishai and Ittai, saying, 'Protect for me the young man Avshalom!' "Otherwise, if I had dealt treacherously against his life (and there is nothing hidden from the king), then you yourself would have stood aloof." Then Yo’av said, "I will not waste time here with you." So he took three spears in his hand and thrust them through the heart of Avshalom while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak. And ten young men who carried Yo’av's armor gathered around and struck Avshalom and killed him.

Avshalom in this picture is a foreshadowing of the Son of David, Yeshua on the execution stake. Avshalom hung from the tree by the hair of his head and Yeshua hung from the tree by the nails in his hands and feet.

Sh'mu'el Bet 18:16-26 Then Yo’av blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing Israel, for Yo’av restrained the people. And they took Avshalom and cast him into a deep pit in the forest and erected over him a very great heap of stones. And all Israel fled, each to his tent. Now Avshalom in his lifetime had taken and set up for himself a pillar which is in the King's Valley, for he said, "I have no son to preserve my name." So he named the pillar after his own name, and it is called Avshalom's monument to this day. Then Achima’atz the son of Tzadok said, "Please let me run and bring the king news that the L-RD has freed him from the hand of his enemies." But Yo’av said to him, "You are not the man to carry news this day, but you shall carry news another day; however, you shall carry no news today because the king's son is dead." Then Yo’av said to the Cushite, "Go, tell the king what you have seen." So the Cushite bowed to Yo’av and ran. Now Achima’atz the son of Tzadok said once more to Yo’av, "But whatever happens, please let me also run after the Cushite." And Yo’av said, "Why would you run, my son, since you will have no reward for going?" "But whatever happens," he said, "I will run." So he said to him, "Run." Then Achima’atz ran by way of the plain and passed up the Cushite. Now David was sitting between the two gates; and the watchman went up to the roof of the gate by the wall, and raised his eyes and looked, and behold, a man running by himself. And the watchman called and told the king. And the king said, "If he is by himself there is good news in his mouth." And he came nearer and nearer. Then the watchman saw another man running; and the watchman called to the gatekeeper and said, "Look, another man running by himself." And the king said, "This one also is bringing good news."

This event was a foreshadowing of what would happen in the future. It points to Yeshua’s death on the execution stake being called “GOOD NEWS!” This event being written down and being declared good news did not happen by accident.

Luke 4:16-21He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read. The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written: "The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the L-rd's favor." Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, and he began by saying to them, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."

Acts 13:29-39 "And when they had carried out all that was written concerning Him, they took Him down from the execution stake and laid Him in a tomb. "But G-d raised Him from the dead; and for many days He appeared to those who came up with Him from Galilee to Yerushalayim (Jerusalem), the very ones who are now His witnesses to the people. "And we preach to you the GOOD NEWS of the promise made to the fathers, that G-d has fulfilled this promise to our children in that He raised up Yeshua, as it is also written in the second Psalm,' You are My Son; today I have begotten You.' "And as for the fact that He raised Him up from the dead, no more to return to decay, He has spoken in this way: 'I will give you the holy and sure blessings of David.' "Therefore He also says in another Psalm, 'You wilt not allow your Holy One to undergo decay.' "For David, after he had served the purpose of G-d in his own generation, fell asleep, and was laid among his fathers, and underwent decay; but He whom G-d raised did not undergo decay. "Therefore let it be known to you, brothers, that through Him forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, and through Him everyone who believes is freed from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses.

Sh'mu'el Bet 18:27-32 And the watchman said, "I think the running of the first one is like the running of Achima’atz the son of Tzadok." And the king said, "This is a good man and comes with good news." And Achima’atz called and said to the king, "All is well." And he prostrated himself before the king with his face to the ground. And he said, "Blessed is the L-RD your G-d, who has delivered up the men who lifted their hands against my lord the king." And the king said, "Is it well with the young man Avshalom?" And Achima’atz answered, "When Yo’av sent the king's servant, and your servant, I saw a great tumult, but I did not know what it was." Then the king said, "Turn aside and stand here." So he turned aside and stood still. And look, the Cushite arrived, and the Cushite said, "Let my lord the king receive good news, for the L-RD has freed you this day from the hand of all those who rose up against you." Then the king said to the Cushite, "Is it well with the young man Avshalom?" And the Cushite answered, "Let the enemies of my lord the king, and all who rise up against you for evil, be as that young man!"

Achima’atz he concealed the death of Avshalom as Yo’av requested.

Notice that the Cushite put the death of Avshalom as gently as possible.

Sh'mu'el Bet 18:33 And the king was deeply moved and went up to the chamber over the gate and wept. And thus he said as he walked, "O my son Avshalom, my son, my son Avshalom! Would I had died instead of you, O Avshalom, my son, my son!"

David was beside himself with grief. This was the 4th and final event to happen in his life as a result of his sin with Bat-Sheva and the killing of Uriyah.