SH'MU'EL BET (2 Samuel) Chapter 23

David's Last Song

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Aleph – head. As in Creator , King ; the head of a bull appointed for sacrifice, etc.

Sh'mu'el Bet 23:1 Now these are the last words of David. David the son of Yishai (Jesse) declares, the man who was raised on high declares, the anointed of the G-d of Ya’akov (Jacob), and the sweet psalmist of Israel,

Here we hear David’s last words spoken near the end of his life.

Sh'mu'el Bet 23:2-7 "The Spirit of the L-RD spoke by me, And His word was on my tongue. "The G-d of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spoke to me, 'He who rules over men righteously, Who rules in the fear of G-d, Is as the light of the morning when the sun rises, A morning without clouds, When the tender grass springs out of the earth, Through sunshine after rain.' "Truly is not my house so with G-d? For He has made an everlasting covenant with me, Ordered in all things, and secured; For all my salvation and all my desire, Will He not indeed make it grow? "But the worthless, every one of them will be thrust away like thorns, Because they cannot be taken in hand; but the man who touches them Must be armed with iron and the shaft of a spear, And they will be completely burned with fire in their place." His Mighty Men

An everlasting covenant – this is a reference to the Davidic covenant which tells us that the Messiah would be a descendant of David’s.

Sh'mu'el Bet 23:8-12 These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Yoshev-Bashevet (Josheb-basshebeth a ach’kmoni (Tahchemonite), chief of the captains, he was called Adino the Eznite, because of eight hundred slain by him at one time; and after him was El’azar (Eleazar) the son of Dodo the Achochi, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the P’lishtim (Philistines) who were gathered there to battle and the men of Israel had withdrawn. He arose and struck the Philistines until his hand was weary and clung to the sword, and the L-RD brought about a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to strip the slain. Now after him was Shammah the son of Age a Harari. And the P’lishtim were gathered into a troop where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the people fled from the P’lishtim. But he took his stand in the midst of the plot, defended it and struck the P’lishtim; and the L-RD brought about a great victory.

Here we have David’s key men listed in a sort of a hall of fame.

Sh'mu'el Bet 23:13-17 Then three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adulam, while the troop of the P’lishtim was camping in the valley of Refa’im. David was then in the stronghold, while the garrison of the Philistines was then in Beit-Lechem. David had a craving and said, "Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Beit-Lechem which is by the gate!" So the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines, and drew water from the well of Beit-Lechem which was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David. Nevertheless he would not drink it, but poured it out to the L-RD; and he said, "Be it far from me, O L-RD, that I should do this. Shall I drink the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives?" Therefore he would not drink it. These things the three mighty men did.

Above is a foreshadowing of Yeshua having thirst and his thirst was not to be quenched. Instead they gave him sour wine on hyssop. The son of David could not even receive a decent drink of water in His agony.

Yochanan (John) 19:29-30 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop, and brought it up to His mouth. When Yeshua therefore had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" And He bowed His head, and gave up His spirit.

Remember wine represented the blood of the new covenant. This fits in with David’s concern of the drink being the blood of men. In the Torah it was applied to the doorpost by the hyssop. (see also Exo. 12:22) In this case it represented the blood of the lamb and was applied to the lamb of G-d who could also represent a doorpost. He is the way the truth and the life and no one get to the Father except through him.

Yochanan (John) 10:7-11 Yeshua therefore said to them again, "Truly, truly, I say to you, I am the door of the sheep. "All who came before Me are thieves and robbers, but the sheep did not hear them. "I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. "The thief comes only to steal, and kill, and destroy; I came that they might have life, and might have it abundantly. "I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.

Sh'mu'el Bet 23:18-39 Avishai, the brother of Yo’av, the son of Tz’ruyah, was chief of the thirty. And he swung his spear against three hundred and killed them, and had a name as well as the three. He was most honored of the thirty, therefore he became their commander; however, he did not attain to the three. Then B’nayah the son of Y’hoyada, the son of a valiant man of Kavtze’el, who had done mighty deeds, killed the two sons of Ariel of Moav. He also went down and killed a lion in the middle of a pit on a snowy day. He killed an Egyptian, an impressive man. Now the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, but he went down to him with a club and snatched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with his own spear. These things B’nayah the son of Y’hoyada did, and had a name as well as the three mighty men. He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David appointed him over his guard. Asah’el the brother of Yo’av was among the thirty; Elchanan the son of Dodo of Beit-Lechem, Shammah the Harodi, Elika the Harodi, Heletz the Palti, Ira the son of ‘Ikesh the T’koa, Avi’ezer the Anatot, M’vunai the Hushati, Tzalmon the Achochi, Maharai the Netophathite, Helev the son of Ba’anah the N’tofati, Ittai the son of Rivai of Giv’ah of the sons of Binyamin, B’nayahu from Pir’aton, Hiddai of the brooks of Ga’ash, Avi-alvon the Arvati, Azmavet the Barchumi, Elyachba the Sha’alvoni, the sons of Yashen, Y’honatan, Shammah the Harari, Achiam the son of Sharar the Arari, Elifelet the son of Achasbai, the son of the Ma’akhati, Eli’am the son of Achitofel the Giloh, Hetzrai from Karmel, Pa’arai the Arbi, YIg’al the son of Natan of Tzovah, Bani the Gadi, Tzelek the Amoni, Nacharai the Be’eroti, armor bearers of Yo’av the son of Tz’ruyah, Ira the Yitri, Garev the Yitri, Uriyah the Hitti thirty-seven in all.

Here we have another list of David’s warriors. Yeshua has His warror’s too. Will your name be listed as one of Yeshua’s warriors or will it be listed like the P’lishtim as an enemy of the son of David?