SH'MU'EL BET (2 Samuel) Chapter 5

The corresponding letter to this chapter is Hay – breath;spirit of G-d.

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:1-5 Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hevron and said, "Look, we are your bone and your flesh. Previously, when Sha’ul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and in. And the L-RD said to you, 'You will shepherd My people Israel, and you will be a ruler over Israel.'" So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hevron, and King David made a covenant with them before the L-RD at Hevron; then they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years. At Hevron he reigned over Y’hudah seven years and six months, and in Yerushalayim he reigned thirty-three years over all Israel and Y’hudah.

Finally we have a united kingdom. The tribal leaders sited 3 reasons for wanting to reunite. First, they are all descendants of Yakkov and are one family. Second, David was Israel’s mightiest warrior. Third, he was the one chosen by G-d to rule over them.

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:6-8 Now the king and his men went to Yerushalayim against the Y’vusi, the inhabitants of the land, and they said to David, "You shall not come in here, but the blind and lame shall turn you away"; thinking, "David cannot enter here." Nevertheless, David captured the stronghold of Tziyon, that is the city of David. And David said on that day, "Whoever would strike the Y’vusi, let him reach the lame and the blind, who are hated by David's soul, through the water tunnel." Therefore they say, "The blind or the lame shall not come into the house."

The Y’vusi (Jebusites) had to be run out of the city. It is located in the center of the country and you cannot have a united and peaceful kingdom with an enemy in the center of your territory. What and insult…what they are saying is that they do not have to do battle with David. They can send out their blind and crippled to take care of him because he is so weak.

In contrast when Yeshua, the son of David, comes the blind and lame defend his cause and are a witness to his power.

Mattityahu (Matthew) 11:4-6 Yeshua told them, "Go back to Yochanan (John) and tell him about the miracles you've seen me do- the blind people I've healed, and the lame people now walking without help, and the cured lepers, and the deaf who hear, and the dead raised to life; and tell him about my preaching the Good News to the poor. Then give him this message, `Blessed are those who don't doubt me.'"

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:9-10 So David lived in the stronghold, and called it the city of David. And David built all around from the Millo and inward. And David became greater and greater, for the L-RD G-d of hosts was with him.

Millo – earth rampart

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:11-12 Then Hiram king of Tzor (Tyre) sent messengers to David with cedar trees and carpenters and stonemasons; and they built a house for David. And David realized that the L-RD had established him as king over Israel, and that He had exalted his kingdom for the sake of His people Israel.

Tyre was located in what is now modern day Lebanon. At this time the Phoenicians were on good terms with Israel and were trading back and forth.

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:13-16 Meanwhile David took more concubines and wives from Yerushalayim, after he came from Hevron; and more sons and daughters were born to David. Now these are the names of those who were born to him in Yerushalayim: Shamua, Shovav, Natan, Shlomo, Yivchar, Elishua, Nefeg, Yafia, Elishama, Elyada and Elifelet.

Shlomo (Solomon) was the son of Bat-Sheva and the royal line passed thru him all the way to Yosef (Joseph), the husband of Miryam (Mary). Yosef was Yeshua’s adopted (step) father and it was thru him that Yeshua has the right to the throne of Israel.

Natan (Nathan) is the ancestor of Miryam, Yeshua’s mother. So Yeshua has the bloodline thru his mother and the right to the throne thru his father. Descending from David on both sides. Miryam’s lineage is recorded in Luke 3:23-38. Yosef line is recorded in Mattityahu 1:1-17.

For more on Yeshua’s lineage see our study on Mattityahu 1:1-17.

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:17-22 When the P’lishtim heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the P’lishtim went up to seek out David; and when David heard of it, he went down to the stronghold. Now the P’lishtim came and spread themselves out in the valley of Refa’im. Then David inquired of the L-RD, saying, "Shall I go up against the P’lishtim? Will you give them into my hand?" And the L-RD said to David, "Go up, for I will certainly give the P’lishtim into your hand." So David came to Baal-perazim, and defeated them there; and he said, "The L-RD has broken through my enemies before me like the breakthrough of waters." Therefore he named that place Baal-perazim. (Possessor of breaches) And they abandoned their idols there, so David and his men carried them away. Now the P’lishtim came up once again and spread themselves out in the valley of Refa’im.

Valley of Refa’im – This translates to the valley of the giants.

Their idols – these idols were carried into battle by the P’lishtim and were captured by David’s men.

Sh’mu’el Bet 5:23-25 And when David inquired of the L-RD, He said, "You shall not go directly up; circle around behind them and come at them in front of the balsam trees. And it shall be, when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then you shall act promptly, for then the L-RD will have gone out before you to strike the army of the P’lishtim." Then David did so, just as the L-RD had commanded him, and struck down the P’lishtim from Geva as far as Gezer.

Notice it was the L-rd that struck the army of the P’lishtim.

The sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees – WOW! Did you read that! They were going to hear the army of the L-rd G-d marching out to battle before them.