THE HIGH PRIEST - CLOTHING

The High Priest had two different garments.

  1. The uniform, which he wore all year long, know as the "Golden Garment's". This consisted of 8 pieces: The ephod, breastplate, robe, tunic, turban, belt, crown, and pants.

  2. The clothing, which he wore on Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement). These 4 garments called the "white garments". They consisted of tunic, pants, the turban, and belt. They were made from white flax. (Lev 16:4)

The garments were not sewn, like other clothes. Each item was woven, seamless, of one piece. The only exception to this is the sleeves of the robe, which were woven separately and sewn onto the robe afterwards.

Yeshua also wore a seamless garment.

John 19:23-24 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Yeshua (Jesus), took His garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also His coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout. They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.

This was prophesized in:

Psalms 22:18 "They part my garments among them, and cast lots upon my vesture."

This Psalm is very interesting; it paints a picture of Yeshua's death on the execution stake.

The "Golden Garments"

  1. The Pants

    Exodus 28:42 "And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach:"

    The pants were for modesty. They went from the waist to the knees and tied with a lace. There where no openings in them other than the waist and the leg holes.

    The priests from many pagan religions performed at the altars of false gods while they were naked. The priests of the true and living G-d were to be modest in their attire.

  2. The Tunic

    Exodus 39:27 And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,

    The tunic was one piece and extended from the neck to the feet. It was the closest piece of clothing to the skin after the pants. The tunic was made of woven linen. There were no seams. To put it on the priest pulled it over his head.

  3. The Robe

    The Robe was worn over the tunic. It was also a woven seamless garment. It also slipped over the head. It was made of woven sky-blue wool. The Tunic was a handbreadth longer and could be seen below the robe at the bottom.

    Exodus 28:34 A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about.

    The pomegranates on the hem were made of blue, red, purple wool.

    This fruit is an emblem of fruitfulness. This fruit is quite filled with seeds so that it is able to reproduce itself in a multitude of new plants. It is also a type of sweetness and satisfaction. These are a fruit of the Spirit of G-d in life, bringing about these lovely results.

    The golden bells represent the gracious and beautiful testimony of G-d's people as they go about in the service of the King.

    Exodus 28:35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the L-RD, and when he cometh out, that he die not.

    Because the High Priest ministered in the very presence of G-d, his very life would be taken from him if his relationship with the L-rd were not right.

  4. The Ephod

    The most important garment worn by the High Priest is the ephod. This garment represents part of that wardrobe described in Isa 61:10 as the "garments of salvation".

    Isaiah 61:10 I will greatly rejoice in the L-RD, my soul shall be joyful in my G-d; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.

    It was something like an apron covering both the chest and the back and was worn over the robe.

    Two sardonyx stones, also known as "Remembrance Stones", were fixed in settings of gold on the High Priest's shoulders; one on each shoulder, the names of the tribes was written on them.

    Exodus 28:9-10 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and engrave on them the names of the children of Israel: Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth.

    The Sages say that as G-d looked down on the names of the children of Israel He was moved with compassion and would have mercy on them.

    Exodus 28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the L-RD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

    The ephod may represent that part of our relationship with Yeshua through which we show forth the virtues of our Mashiach. It contained threads of gold, blue, purple, red, and white. These colors and materials represent the various and glorious characteristics of our L-rd Yeshua HaMashiach, and are imparted and imputed to us when we are made children of G-d. They are the same colors that were in the door to the outer court, the door to the sanctuary, and the veil and represent Yeshua as He is pictured in the four gospels. The gold implies his divinity.

    Beneath the "Remembrance Stones" there were gold clips with gold chains to attach the breastplate to the Ephod.

    The ephod with the stones and the breastplate attached refers to Yeshua who carries us on His shoulders and on His breast. Yeshua is pictured as the good shepherd who carries his lambs on his shoulders.

    Luke 15:4-7 What man of you, having an hundred sheep, if he lose one of them, doth not leave the ninety and nine in the wilderness, and go after that which is lost, until he find it? And when he hath found it, he layeth it on his shoulders, rejoicing. And when he cometh home, he calleth together his friends and neighbours, saying unto them, Rejoice with me; for I have found my sheep which was lost. I say unto you, that likewise joy shall be in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over ninety and nine just persons, which need no repentance.

  5. The Breast Plate

    In Hebrew "choshen mishpat" meaning "breastplate of judgment" it was attached to the Ephod and was worn over the heart of the High Priest.

    The high priest wore a breastplate in which were brilliant stones, each one bearing the name of one of the tribes of Israel. This also is a figure of the nearness to G-d and dearness of each believer wherein his own High Priest carries him on His breast close to His heart.

    The stones are arranged on the breastplate from top to bottom right to left, in the order of birth. There were three stones on each row for a total of four rows. The following is a list of the name of the tribe (son) of Israel, the meaning of the name, the stone, and the color of the stone. (Note: It is difficult to translate some ancient words into modern ones. You are sure to see different lists of stones depending on which translation of the Bible you use. This list is from the Temple Institute.)

    1. Ruben - means sonship - Ruby (Red)
    2. Shimon - means scholarship - Jade (Green)
    3. Levi - means lordship - Agate (Red, White, and Black Striped)
    4. Judah - means worship - Carbuncle (Bluish-Green)
    5. Issachar - means partnership - Lapis-Lazuli (Blue)
    6. Zebulon - means comradeship - Quartz Crystal (Clear)
    7. Dan - means judgeship - Turquoise (Blue)
    8. Naphtali - means workmanship - Amethyst (Purple)
    9. Gad - means companionship - Agate (Grey)
    10. Asher - means fellowship - Aquamarine (Blue-Green)
    11. Joseph - means leadership - Onyx (Black)
    12. Benjamin - means heirship - Opal (A stone possessing all of the colors)

    In John 10 we see Yeshua as the shepherd who knows his sheep by name.

    John 10:3 To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

    The names of the tribes on the breastplate also represent the names of true believers who are written on the heart of Yeshua our High Priest. The names are engraved in stone they cannot be erased. Just as we cannot loose eternal life once we place our faith and trust in Him.

    John 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

    The Urim V' Tummim

    Exodus 28:30And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the L-RD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the L-RD continually.

    This item is a little bit mysterious; there is not a specific description in the scripture, they were probably stones. The High Priest used them in order to discern the will of G-d in important matters. They were kept in a pouch in under the breastplate. The method of obtaining an answer may have been by casting lots. The stones may have been marked to indicate a yes or no answer. When the High Priest reached in and pulled out a stone He would have had his answer from G-d.

  6. The Belt

    The belt of white linen was only 3 fingerbreadths wide but it was 32 cubits long!! It was wound around the priest several times and tied at the waist.

    We are instructed to wear the "belt of truth".

    Ephesians 6:14 "Stand firm then, with the belt of truth buckled around your waist,"

    Yeshua tells us in:

    John 14:6 "I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me."

    Although the belt was linen it was embroidered with a blue, red, and purple wool floral design. Normally a mixture of linen and wool was forbidden.

    Leviticus 19:19 "...neither shall a garment mingled of linen and woolen come upon thee."

    However, it was allowed in the garments of the High Priest. This is not just seen in the belt, we see it in the woolen robe, which is worn over the linen pants and tunic.

    Why is it allowed?

    Keep in mind that Yeshua is our High Priest. When the High Priest wore wool over the linen, it symbolized G-d's divine work of grace or mercy thru the perfect lamb sacrifice "Yeshua" covering our sins and our righteousness once and for all.

    Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

    Yesha'yahu is telling us that all of our Mitzvah (good deeds) are as Schmutzegeh Shmatas (filthy rags).

  7. The Turban

    Ex 28:39 You shall skillfully weave the tunic of fine linen thread, you shall make the turban of fine linen, and you shall make the sash of woven work.

    The turban was made of from a narrow strip of white linen, measuring 16 cubits long and was wound around the top of the priest's head. White linen symbolizes our righteous deeds. With the head being wrapped it speaks of our thought life being in subjection to Him.

    Ephesians 6:17 And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of G-d:

    Yeshua means "salvation" in Hebrew. When we accept Yeshua as our Mashiach our thoughts are to be in subjection to Him.

    Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of G-d.

    2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of G-d, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Mashiach (Christ);

  8. The Crown

    The crown was attached to the Turban and was made of gold. Inscribed on the front was the phrase "Holy to the L-rd".

    Truly Yeshua, our High Priest, is "Holy to the L-rd".