Read: Leviticus chapter 4-5:13, 6:25-30; 7:7; Num 15:22-31
The sin offering prefigured the atoning death of Yeshua. With this offering, the nation of Israel had a fuller concept of the need for pardon: the stain of sin and its removal is the center of the Bible message.
The offering was different for different people. A Young bullock was used for the high priest and the congregation, Lev 4:13-14. A Kid goat was used for rulers, Lev 4:23. A Kid goat, female, or lamb was used for the common people, Lev 5:6. Two turtle doves or young pigeons, Lev 5:7 or a 1/10th of an ephah of fine flour was used for the very poor, Lev 5:11.
The animals were to be without blemish, Lev. 4:3, 23, 28, 32. The flour was to be fine, Lev 5:11. Yeshua was also inspected prior to His death on the execution stake and was found to be faultless.
John 19:4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him.
The sacrifice was to be killed before the L-rd, Lev 4:4, 15. This is the same place the burnt offering was killed, Lev 4:24,29; 6:25, which was on the north side of the brazen altar, Lev 1:11.
Prior to killing the sacrifice the person making the sacrifice would lay his hands on the animal confessing his sins. Then he would personally kill the animal; he thus learned that sin brought death, revealing the wrath of G-d against sin and man's need for pardon. The sin offering was always the first offering because atonement was necessary before there could be any progress in a relationship with G-d through the other offerings.
All offerings were to be seasoned with salt. Salt symbolizes the imperishableness of Jehovah's love for His people; as an antiseptic salt implies durability, fidelity, and purity. Salt is the opposite of leaven, the symbol of corruption.
Leviticus 2:13 And every oblation of thy grain offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy G-d to be lacking from thy grain offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.
Yeshua told us in:
Matthew 5:13 "Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men."
The portion of the offering for G-d was the fat that covers and is upon the inwards, the two kidneys with the fat, and the caul of the animals where the L-rd's, being burned on the brazen altar, Lev 4:8-10, 19-20, 26, 31, 35. The fat represents perfection and good health in the sacrificial animal. The remains of animals offered for the high priest and the congregation were also the L-rd's being burned outside the camp in the place of ashes, Lev 4:11-12;21;6:30. If birds were offered, both were burned on the brazen altar, one for the sin offering and the other for a burnt offering. If flour was offered, a handful was burned, but it was burned without oil or frankincense.
The remains of the offerings by the rulers and common people were to be eaten by the priests in the outer court, Lev 6:26, 29. The remains of the sin offering of flour belonged to all the priests, since it would be dry, Lev 5:13; 7:10
Depending on who made the offering the blood was handled differently. Blood from the offering of the high priest congregation was sprinkled seven times before the inner veil of the sanctuary. Some was applied to the horns of the incense altar; the rest was poured out at the bottom of the brazen altar, Lev 4:6-7, 17-18; 6:30. Blood of the animals offered by the rulers and common people was applied to the horns of the brazen altar, the rest was poured out at the bottom of the altar, Lev 4:25, 30, 34. If birds were offered, the blood was sprinkled on the sides of the brazen altar, the rest at the bottom of the altar, Lev 5:9.
The blood that was poured out at the bottom of the altar symbolized Yeshua's blood being poured out for our sins.
The rest of the animal was burned outside the camp. This also is symbolic of Yeshua who died outside the city gates for our sins.
Hebrews 13:11-12 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp. Wherefore Yeshua (Jesus) also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
The daily sin offerings did not typify Yeshua's sacrificial death with each offering in the Levitical system of worship. This was typified in the sin offerings on Yom Kippur (the Day of Atonement) only.
On Yom Kippur there was only a blood sacrifice, the flour sacrifice was not used.
Leviticus 17:11 For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.
In the case of the sin and trespass offerings only one animal could be offered, whereas in the other offerings multiple sacrifices were permitted. This is because they symbolized Yeshua. He was the ONLY one qualified to die for our sins. There are not multiple people who are able to die for our sins.