Read Leviticus chapter 2
Note: the Grain offering is referred to as the meat offering in the KJV.
This offering was classified as a sweet savor offering. It was the only meatless offering and therefore it was the only bloodless offering of the 5 principal offerings.
It cannot be determined from scripture whether or not this offering was offered independently of other offerings. However, Numbers 15 tells us that it always accompanied the other offerings, except the sin and trespass offerings.
A drink offering always accompanied a grain offering. (More on the drink offering later in the next lesson)
The amount of the flour, oil, and wine (drink offering) varied according to the kind of animal offering it accompanied. (Example. Ex 29:40 - Lamb 1/10 ephah of flour mingled with 1/4 part hin of oil, and 1/4 hin of wine.)
When we look at the 10 commandments we know that the first 4 relate to our relationship to G-d and the last 6 relate to our relationship with man. From this we learn that to be like Yeshua we must be consecrated to both G-d and man. In order to properly understand our relationship to our fellow man we must be in proper relationship with G-d.
The burnt offering symbolized total consecration to G-d.
The grain offering, being bloodless, speaks of life and not death. It is in this offering we see symbolized Yeshua's service to man. Likewise we are to consecrate ourselves to serving other men.
No Leaven (Yeast) was permitted. Leaven is symbolic of sin.
Also no honey was permitted. Honey represents the things of this world which in themselves are not sinful but, if overdone or not done with the right attitude, become sinful.
The offering was to have oil and frankincense added. Salt was added to all offerings.
Salt, seasons preserves, and helps control bacteria and fermentation. This typifies Yeshua whose very life preserved life on this planet, and checked the corruption of sin.
Anointing oil was used ceremonially as a means of consecrating a person to the work of G-d. Just as oil made flour useful for baking, Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit) makes men useful for G-d's purpose.
Frankincense - This is a type of the fragrant love and the precious worship of those who come to Yeshua.
Moses called the juice of the grape blood (Deut 32:14), which may indicate that wine was even then looked on as a symbol of blood. Since the grain offering was the only bloodless offering, the drink offering (symbolic of blood), would be a most logical and symbolic accompaniment.
Although, we can understand these things today, hindsight is 20/20, for the Israelites of the Tanakh period the grain offering represented something quite different. The presentation of the products of the earth was given as a gift of homage, acknowledging G-d's sovereignty over all that is needed to sustain life.