In Hebrew "Rosh Hashanah" means the "Head of the Year".
The name "Rosh Hashanah" is not used in the Bible to discuss this holiday. The Bible refers to the holiday as Yom Ha-Zikkaron (the day of remembrance) or Yom Teruah (the day of the sounding of the shofar).
Lev 23:23-25 And the L-RD spoke to Moshe (Moses), saying, Speak to the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall you have a Sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. You shall do no servile work therein: but you shall offer an offering made by fire to the L-RD.
Numbers 29:1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall have an holy convocation; you shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets to you.
Tishri - the seventh month
Tishri marks the start of the civil year.
The day is considered a "Sabbath" day, a Holy day of rest.
Numbers 28:11-15 And in the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to the L-RD; two young bullocks, and one ram, seven lambs of the first year without spot; And three tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one bullock; and two tenth deals of flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, for one ram; And a several tenth deal of flour mingled with oil for a meat offering to one lamb; for a burnt offering of a sweet savor, a sacrifice made by fire to the L-RD. And their drink offerings shall be half an hin of wine to a bullock, and the third part of an hin to a ram, and a fourth part of an hin to a lamb: this is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year. And one kid of the goats for a sin offering to the L-RD shall be offered, beside the continual burnt offering, and his drink offering.
Numbers 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, you shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your G-d: I am the L-RD your G-d.
For details on "burnt offering", "sin offering", and "drink offerings" return to the main tabernacle page.
The first always stands for the "whole". The "firstborn" stands for all the rest. So the first day of the year represents the rest of the year.
The Jewish people believe the world was created in the month of Tishri. Jewish tradition claims that this is the day that Adam was created. It is also believed to be the birthday of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. It is the day Joseph was released from prison in Egypt, and the day Moses appeared before Pharaoh, demanding that the king let the Israelites go from Egypt.
There are four ‘New Year’ days during the Jewish calendar year: on the 1st of Nisan is the New Year for kings and feasts; on the 1st of Elul is the New Year for the tithe of cattle…on the 1st of Tishri is the New Year of Release and Jubilee years, for planting [of trees] and for vegetables; and the 1st of Shebat is the New Year for [fruit] trees…(Mishnan Ros Hasana i.1)
Psalms 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day.
Isaiah 66:23 And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, says the L-RD.
Trumpets were used in the Bible as a call to worship and also as a call to battle.
All 7 Jewish Feasts foreshadowed a future event. Four of the seven: Pesach, Unleavened Bread, First fruits, and Pentecost have been fulfilled.
There is a 4-month gap between Pentecost and Rosh Hashanah (The Feast of Trumpets), which is symbolic of the Church Age, described in Revelation 2 & 3. Officially it lasted through the summer, the growing season.
John 4:34-38 - (Yeshua) Jesus said to them, "My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me, and to finish His work. Do you not say, 'There are still four months and then comes the harvest'? Behold, I say to you, lift up your eyes and look at the fields, for they are already white for harvest! And he who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit for eternal life, that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. For in this the saying is true: 'One sows and another reaps.' "I sent you to reap that for which you have not labored; others have labored, and you have entered into their labors."
We, the church (True believer’s in Yeshua (both Jewish and Gentile)), are the workers in the field laboring for the L-rd.
The next feast to be fulfilled is Rosh Hashanah.
Rosh Hashanah, "the Feast of Trumpets", looks forward to the "Rapture of the Church" (True Believers in Yeshua).
The high priest blew the trumpet so that it could be heard in the surrounding fields. The workers would immediately stop harvesting and go to the temple to worship. This feast will be fulfilled with the Rapture of the Church. That is why some believe the rapture will happen on this date. The trumpet is blown and the believers will be immediately transported to heaven to worship the L-rd. It is significant that it is the seventh new moon of the year, seven is the number of completion, and this concludes the church age.
Matthew 24:31 And He shall send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect (Believers) from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Matthew 24:40 Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. (KJV)
1 Thessalonians 4:16-17 For the L-rd Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of G-d: and the dead in Messiah (Christ) shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the L-rd in the air: and so shall we ever be with the L-rd.
Rosh Hashanah occurs on the "new moon". This makes it difficult to know the exact moment the year commences. This foreshadows the rapture too.
Matthew 24:36 But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but my Father only.For more on the Rapture
The days between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur are known as "Days of Awe", a time when the Jewish people examine themselves and prepare for the Holiest day of the Year, Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.