The book of Rut is read in the synagogues on the Jewish festival of Shavu’ot, or Pentecost.
Shavu’ot - is Hebrew for “weeks”. - A Shavuah is the Hebrew word for “week”.
Pentecost - Comes from the Greek word pentekoste meaning 50 days.
Shavu’ot is the spring harvest festival and marks the passage of seven weeks after First fruits. (50 days)
This was one of the 3 feasts that all the males of Israel were to visit the temple in Jerusalem.
Deut 16:16-17 Three times in a year all your males shall appear before the L-RD your G-d in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before the L-RD empty-handed. Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the L-RD your G-d which He has given you. (NAS)
Lev 23:15-21 You shall also count for yourselves from the day after the sabbath, from the day when you brought in the sheaf of the wave offering; there shall be seven complete sabbaths. 'You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a new grain offering to the L-RD. 'You shall bring in from your dwelling places two loaves of bread for a wave offering, made of two-tenths of an ephah; they shall be of a fine flour, baked with leaven as first fruits to the L-RD. 'Along with the bread, you shall present seven one year old male lambs without defect, and a bull of the herd, and two rams; they are to be a burnt offering to the L-RD, with their grain offering and their libations, an offering by fire of a soothing aroma to the L-RD. 'You shall also offer one male goat for a sin offering and two male lambs one year old for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 'The priest shall then wave them with the bread of the first fruits for a wave offering with two lambs before the L-RD; they are to be holy to the L-RD for the priest. 'On this same day you shall make a proclamation as well; you are to have a holy convocation. You shall do no laborious work. It is to be a perpetual statute in all your dwelling places throughout your generations. (NAS)
For more information on the Shalom (Peace) offering, also known as “wave offering”, and “freewill offering”.
A “deal” is also translated an “Ephah”.
Note: an omer is also referred to as a “Sheaf”.
Notice these two “wave” loafs are equal in weight and are baked with leaven. Since they are baked with leaven (Yeast) they represent sinful man and since they are “firstfruits” they are redeemed or resurrected men.
The two loafs symbolize that believers will be comprised of both Jews and gentiles.
All of the feasts in the Tanakh are fulfilled in Brit Hadashah. Shavu’ot was fulfilled in Acts chapter 2, when Yeshua sent us Ruach HaKodesh.
Acts 2:1-4 When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with Ruach HaKodesh (the Holy Spirit) and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them.
Acts 2:41 So then, those who had received his word were baptized (immersed); and there were added that day about three thousand souls. (NAS)
This was a tremendous harvest of souls. These first believers were Jewish. They were in Jerusalem for the feast. When they left Jerusalem and returned home they took the good news of Yeshua with them.
Note: 3,000 is a significant number.
Jewish tradition says that it was on Shavu’ot that the Israelites gathered at the base of Mount Sinai and received the law of G-d.
Exodus 32:28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moshe: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men. (KJV)
The day the law was given 3,000 died. On the day Ruach HaKodesh was given 3,000 received eternal life.
2 Corinthians 3:6 “…for the letter kills, but the spirit gives life. (KJV)
Because of our sin we would be lost forever, but thanks be to Adonai for Yeshua HaMashiach. (1 Corinth. 15:56-57)
Gentile believers sing a hymn “Bringing in the Sheaves” It is a hymn of Shavu’ot, telling of the joy of harvesting lost souls for Yeshua.
Shavu’ot (Pentecost) is considered as the start of the church age. The church is the body of believers in Yeshua from the day of Pentecost until the rapture. Believers from the Tanakh period and the future tribulation period are not part of “The church”.
Deuteronomy 16:9-12 "You shall count seven weeks for yourself; you shall begin to count seven weeks from the time you begin to put the sickle to the standing grain. Then you shall celebrate the Feast of Weeks to the L-RD your G-d with a tribute of a freewill offering of your hand, which you shall give just as the L-RD your G-d blesses you; and you shall rejoice before the L-RD your G-d, you and your son and your daughter and your male and female servants and the Levite who is in your town, and the stranger and the orphan and the widow who are in your midst, in the place where the L-RD your G-d chooses to establish His name. And you shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt, and you shall be careful to observe these statutes. (NAS)
Notice in this description of Shav’ot, the stranger (gentile) and the orphan and the widow are to be invited in as the L-rd’s welcomed guests. They represent the gentiles that will be apart of the church of Yeshua.