The tabernacle was 30 cubits long and 10 cubits wide. It was made up of two areas: the holy place and the Holy of Holies.
The Holy Place was 20 cubits long and 10 cubits wide. In it stood three pieces of furniture: Candlestick (Menorah), the Table of Shewbread, and the Altar of Incense.
The Holy of Holies was 10 cubits square. The sole piece of furniture here was the Ark of the Covenant.
(These pieces of furniture will be discussed in detail later)
The floor of the Tabernacle was the earth itself. (Num 5:17)
This reminded Israel of their pilgrim character.
The ceiling was made of four coverings and was probably peaked. (Ex 26:1-14 and Ex 36:8-19)
The outer most covering was the marine animal skin (referred to in KJV as badger skin) It was probably selected because of its durability. This layer would take the punishment of the elements. It is estimated to have required 1,000 to 1,500 skins to make.
This outer covering was very plain by the world's standards and reminds us of the words of the prophet Yesha'yahu referring to the coming Mashiach.
Isaiah 53:1-3 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the L-RD revealed? For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
John 1:1,14 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with G-d, and the Word was G-d...And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
The word "dwelt" here is "tabernacled". Yeshua was the "Word" he was and is G-d. Just as during the time of the Tabernacle and Temple, Ruach HaKodesh dwelt in the Tabernacle so Yeshua dwelt (tabernacled) with us.
The second covering was the ram skin dyed red. This is to remind us of the sacrifice of Yeshua and the shedding of His precious blood. The rams had to die before the skins could be obtained. These red ram skins covered the entire tabernacle. This may be taken to represent the fact of that the precious blood of Yeshua must cover and protect everything connected with the life of the believer.
Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
1 Peter 1:18-19 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Mashiach (Christ), as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
Peter tells us here that the blood of Mashiach only redeems us. NOTHING else.
Notice this roof covers all of the wooden walls. We will see in the next lesson that the wood symbolizes the believers. Therefore this covering shows us that we (believers) are all covered with the blood of Yeshua.
The ram was used as a substitute for Isaac (Gen 22) and was also used by Aaron and his sons when they were consecrated for the priesthood (Ex 29).
John 1:29 The next day John seeth Yeshua (Jesus) coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of G-d, which taketh away the sin of the world.