Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) ­ The Third Person of the Trinity

I. The Personality of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) .

Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) of G-d is a Person, as much as the Father and Son are Persons, and therefore experiences all the sinless elements involved within a divine personality.

A. He has a mind.

"And he who searches our hearts knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints in accordance with G-d's will." Romans 8:27(NIV)

B. He searches out the human mind.

"But G-d has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of G-d." 1 Corinthians 2:10 (NIV)

C. He has a will.

"All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and he gives them to each one, just as he determines." 1 Corinthians 12:11 (NIV)

D. He forbids.

"Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) from preaching the word in the province of Asia. When they came to the border of Mysia, they tried to enter Bithynia, but the Spirit would not allow them to." Acts 16:6-7 (NIV)

E. He permits.

"After Paul had seen the vision, we got ready at once to leave for Macedonia, concluding that G-d had called us to preach the gospel to them." Acts 16:10 (NIV)

F. He speaks

"The Spirit told Philip, "Go to that chariot and stay near it." Acts 8:29 (NIV)

G. He loves.

"I urge you, brothers, by our L-rd Yeshua the Messiah and by the love of the Spirit, to join me in my struggle by praying to G-d for me." Romans 15:30 (NIV)

H. He grieves

"And do not grieve Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) of G-d, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption." Ephesians 4:30 (NIV)

I. He prays.

"In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express." Romans 8:26 (NIV)

II. The Deity of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) .

A. He is omnipresent.

"Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence?" Psalms 139:7 (NIV)

B. He is omniscient.

"But G-d has revealed it to us by his Spirit. The Spirit searches all things, even the deep things of G-d. 11 For who among men knows the thoughts of a man except the man's spirit within him? In the same way no one knows the thoughts of G-d except the Spirit of G-d." 1 Corinthians 2:10-11 (NIV)

C. He is omnipotent.

"Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of G-d was hovering over the waters.) Genesis 1:2 (NIV)

D. He is eternal.

"How much more, then, will the blood of Messiah, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to G-d, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living G-d!" Hebrews 9:14 (NIV)

E. He is called G-d.

"Then Peter said, 'Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land? 4 Didn't it belong to you before it was sold? And after it was sold, wasn't the money at your disposal? What made you think of doing such a thing? You have not lied to men but to G-d'." Acts 5:3-4 (NIV)

F. He is made equal with the Father and the Son.

  1. As seen in the baptismal experience of Yeshua.

    "As soon as Yeshua was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of G-d descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, "This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased." Matthew 3:16-17 (NIV)

  2. As seen in the temptation Yeshua.
  3. "Then Yeshua was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil." Matthew 4:1 (NIV)

  4. As declared by Yeshua in the upper room.
  5. "But the Counselor, Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) , whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you." John 14:26 (NIV)

  6. As declared by Paul.
  7. "May the grace of the L-rd Yeshua Messiah, and the love of G-d, and the fellowship of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) be with you all." 2 Corinthians 13:14 (NIV)

  8. As declared by Peter.
  9. "who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of G-d the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, for obedience to Yeshua Messiah and sprinkling by his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance." 1 Peter 1:2 (NIV)

  10. As declared in the book of Acts.
  11. "Exalted to the right hand of G-d, he has received from the Father the promised Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and has poured out what you now see and hear." Acts 2:33 (NIV)

  12. As declared by Yeshua on the Mount of Olives.
  13. "Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) , and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age." Matthew 28:19-20 (NIV)

III. The Names and Titles of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) .

A. The Spirit of G-d.

"Don't you know that you yourselves are G-d's temple and that G-d's Spirit lives in you?" 1 Corinthians 3:16 (NIV)

B. The Spirit of Messiah.

"You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of G-d lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Messiah, he does not belong to Messiah." Romans 8:9 (NIV)

C. The eternal Spirit.

"How much more, then, will the blood of Yeshua, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to G-d, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living G-d!" Hebrews 9:14 (NIV)

D. The Spirit of truth.

"But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come." John 16:13 (NIV)

E. The Spirit of grace.

"How much more severely do you think a man deserves to be punished who has trampled the Son of G-d under foot, who has treated as an unholy thing the blood of the covenant that sanctified him, and who has insulted the Spirit of grace?" Hebrews 10:29 (NIV)

F. The Spirit of glory.

"If you are insulted because of the name of Yeshua, you are blessed, for the Spirit of glory and of G-d rests on you." 1 Peter 4:14 (NIV)

G. The Spirit of life.

"Because through Messiah Yeshua the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death." Romans 8:2 (NIV)

H. The Spirit of wisdom and revelation.

"I keep asking that the G-d of our L-rd Yeshua Messiah, the glorious Father, may give you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, so that you may know him better." Ephesians 1:17 (NIV)

I. The Comforter.

"But the Counselor, Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) , whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you." John 14:26 (NIV)

J. The Spirit of promise.

"On one occasion, while he was eating with them, he gave them this command: "Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised, which you have heard me speak about. For John baptized with water, but in a few days you will be baptized with Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) ." Acts 1:4-5 (NIV)

K. The Spirit of adoption.

"For you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received the Spirit of sonship. And by him we cry, "Abba, Father." Romans 8:15 (NIV)

L. The Spirit of holiness.

"and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of G-d by his resurrection from the dead: Yeshua Messiah our L-rd." Romans 1:4 (NIV)

M. The Spirit of faith.

"It is written: "I believed; therefore I have spoken." With that same spirit of faith we also believe and therefore speak, 2 Corinthians 4:13 (NIV)

IV. The Emblems of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) .

A. The Dove: indicating purity, peace, and modesty.

"Then John gave this testimony: "I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him." John 1:32 (NIV)

B. Water: indicating life and cleansing.

"On the last and greatest day of the Feast, Yeshua stood and said in a loud voice, "If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him." By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Yeshua had not yet been glorified." John 7:37-39 (NIV)

C. Oil: indicating light, healing, and anointing for service.

"The Spirit of the L-rd is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed," Luke 4:18 (NIV)

D. A Seal: indicating ownership, finished transaction, identification, security, genuineness, value, authority.

"And do not grieve Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) of G-d, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption." Ephesians 4:30 (NIV)

E. Wind: indicating unseen power.

"In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Yeshua began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) to the apostles he had chosen." Acts 1:1-2 (NIV)

F. Fire: indicating presence, approval, protection, purifying, gift, and judgment.

"By day the L-rd went ahead of them in a pillar of cloud to guide them on their way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light, so that they could travel by day or night." Exodus 13:21 (NIV)

G. An earnest: indicating first-fruits, down-payment, a pledge, an assurance of he eventual complete payment.

"set his seal of ownership on us, and put his Spirit in our hearts as a deposit, guaranteeing what is to come." 2 Corinthians 1:22 (NIV)

V. The Various Ministries of Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) .

A. His ministry concerning the universe.

"Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of G-d was hovering over the waters." Genesis 1:2 (NIV)

B. His ministry concerning the Scriptures.

"The Spirit of the L-RD spoke through me; his word was on my tongue. 2 Samuel 23:2 (NIV)

"I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished." Matthew 5:18 (NIV)

C. His ministry concerning Israel.

  1. He came upon Israel's leaders.
  2. "Then the Spirit of the L-RD came upon him in power. He went down to Ashkelon, struck down thirty of their men, stripped them of their belongings and gave their clothes to those who had explained the riddle. Burning with anger, he went up to his father's house. Judges 14:19 (NIV)

  3. He came upon Israel's elders.
  4. "Then the L-RD came down in the cloud and spoke with him, and he took of the Spirit that was on him and put the Spirit on the seventy elders. When the Spirit rested on them, they prophesied, but they did not do so again. Numbers 11:25 (NIV)

  5. He came upon Israel's Tabernacle.
  6. "Then the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the glory of the L-RD filled the tabernacle." Exodus 40:34 (NIV)

  7. He came upon Israel's Temple.
  8. "When the priests withdrew from the Holy Place, the cloud filled the temple of the L-RD." 1 Kings 8:10 (NIV)

  9. He led Israel through the desert.
  10. "Yet they rebelled and grieved his Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) . So he turned and became their enemy and he himself fought against them." Isaiah 63:10 (NIV)

  11. He will come upon Israel during the tribulation.
  12. "And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days. I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke. The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the L-RD. And everyone who calls on the name of the L-RD will be saved; for on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be deliverance, as the L-RD has said, among the survivors whom the L-RD calls. Joel 2:28-32 (NIV)

D. His ministry concerning the devil. Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) now acts as a divine dam, holding back and limiting the full power of Satan and of sin.

"From the west, men will fear the name of the L-RD, and from the rising of the sun, they will revere his glory. For he will come like a pent-up flood that the breath of the L-RD drives along. " Isaiah 59:19 (NIV)

E. His ministry concerning Yeshua.

  1. Yeshua was begotten by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) .
  2. "This is how the birth of Yeshua Messiah came about: His mother Miryam was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) . Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly. But after he had considered this, an angel of the L-rd appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) . Matthew 1:18-20 (NIV)

  3. Yeshua was anointed by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  4. "how G-d anointed Yeshua of Nazareth with Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because G-d was with him. Acts 10:38 (NIV)

  5. Yeshua was sealed by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  6. "Do not work for food that spoils, but for food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you. On him G-d the Father has placed his seal of approval." John 6:27 (NIV)

  7. Yeshua was led by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  8. "Then Yeshua was led by the Spirit into the desert to be tempted by the devil." Matthew 4:1 (NIV)

  9. Yeshua was empowered by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  10. "But if I drive out demons by the Spirit of G-d, then the kingdom of G-d has come upon you." Matthew 12:28 (NIV)

  11. Yeshua was filled by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  12. "For the one whom G-d has sent speaks the words of G-d, for G-d gives the Spirit without limit." John 3:34 (NIV)

  13. Yeshua sorrowed in Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  14. "When Yeshua saw her weeping, and the Jews who had come along with her also weeping, he was deeply moved in spirit and troubled." John 11:33 (NIV)

  15. Yeshua rejoiced in Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  16. "At that time Yeshua, full of joy through Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) , said, "I praise you, Father, L-rd of heaven and earth, because you have hidden these things from the wise and learned, and revealed them to little children. Yes, Father, for this was your good pleasure." Luke 10:21 (NIV)

  17. Yeshua offered himself at Calvary through Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  18. "How much more, then, will the blood of Yeshua, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to G-d, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living G-d!" Hebrews 9:14 (NIV)

  19. Yeshua was raised from the dead by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  20. "For Yeshua died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to G-d. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit," 1 Peter 3:18 (NIV)

  21. Yeshua commanded his disciples after the resurrection through the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  22. "Until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) to the apostles he had chosen. Acts 1:2 (NIV)

  23. Yeshua will someday return and raise the dead through Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit).
  24. "And if the Spirit of him who raised Yeshua from the dead is living in you, he who raised Yeshua from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit, who lives in you." Romans 8:11 (NIV)

F. His ministry concerning the unbeliever. He convicts them of their sinful state and the need for repentance.

"But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. When He comes, He will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; in regard to righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; and in regard to judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned. John 16:7-11 (NIV)

G. His ministry concerning the church.

  1. He formed it.
  2. "Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and aliens, but fellow citizens with G-d's people and members of G-d's household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Messiah Yeshua himself as the chief cornerstone. In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple in the L-rd. And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which G-d lives by his Spirit. Ephesians 2:19-22 (NIV)

  3. He desires to lead, guide, and direct it.
  4. "While they were worshiping the L-rd and fasting, Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them." So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their hands on them and sent them off. The two of them, sent on their way by the Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) , went down to Seleucia and sailed from there to Cyprus." Acts 13:2-4 (NIV)

H. His ministry concerning the day of Pentecost.

"When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them." Acts 2:1-4 (NIV)

I. His ministry concerning the Believer.

  1. He regenerates the believing sinner. He literally recreates him and gives him the nature of G-d.

    "he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) ," Titus 3:5 (NIV)

  2. He baptizes the believing sinner.
  3. "For we were all baptized by one Spirit into one body-whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free-and we were all given the one Spirit to drink." 1 Corinthians 12:13 (NIV)

  4. He indwells the believer.
  5. "Don't you know that you yourselves are G-d's temple and that G-d's Spirit lives in you?" 1 Corinthians 3:16 (NIV)

  6. He seals the believer sinner.
  7. "And do not grieve Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) of G-d, with whom you were sealed for the day of redemption." Ephesians 4:30 (NIV)

  8. He fills the believing sinner.
  9. "All of them were filled with Ruach HaKodesh (Holy Spirit) and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit enabled them." Acts 2:4 (NIV)

J. His ministry concerning the gifts of Messiah.

"Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. To one there is given through the Spirit the message of wisdom, to another the message of knowledge by means of the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by that one Spirit, to another miraculous powers, to another prophecy, to another distinguishing between spirits, to another speaking in different kinds of tongues, and to still another the interpretation of tongues. All these are the work of one and the same Spirit, and He gives them to each one, just as He determines.Now you are the body of Christ, and each one of you is a part of it. And in the church G-d has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in different kinds of tongues. Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work miracles? Do all have gifts of healing? Do all speak in tongues? Do all interpret? But eagerly desire the greater gifts. And now I will show you the most excellent way." 1 Corinthians 12:7-11;27-31 (NIV)

K. His ministry concerning the fruit of the Spirit.

Two kinds of fruit.

  1. Telling others about Yeshua
  2. "Do you not say, `Four months more and then the harvest'? I tell you, open your eyes and look at the fields! They are ripe for harvest. Even now the reaper draws his wages, even now he harvests the crop for eternal life, so that the sower and the reaper may be glad together." John 4:35-36 (NIV)

  3. Being more like Yeshua.
  4. "But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law." Galatians 5:22-23 (NIV)

    Study taken from "Willmington's Guide to the Bible." Tyndale House Publishers 1981

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